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GABAergic neuron

Name: GABAergic neuron
Description: A neuron that uses GABA as a neurotransmitter
Super-category: Defined neuron class
*Id: nlx_neuron_nt_090803
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Inferred class

A list of all neurons that have been indicated as using the neurotransmitter "GABA".

  • This table is generated programmatically from the property "neurotransmitter" assigned to members of the Neuron class. To add to this list, go to the category page for the type of neuron you are interested in adding and add "GABA" to the "Has Neurotransmitter" field in the Petilla form.

This table is also available in CSV

Overview


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Detail

Neurotransmitter Synonym Definition Located in Species
Amygdala basolateral nuclear complex nonpyramidal PV basket cell GABA Multipolar nonpyramidal interneuron whose axon forms multiple synaptic contacts with the somata of numerous neighboring pyramidal cells. It is one of several parvalbumin-containing interneuronal subpopulations. Basolateral nuclear complex Mammal
Amygdala basolateral nuclear complex nonpyramidal PV chandelier cell GABA axo-axonic interneuron Multipolar nonpyramidal interneuron whose axon forms multiple synaptic contacts with the axon initial segments of numerous neighboring pyramidal cells. It is one of several parvalbumin-containing interneuronal subpopulations. Basolateral nuclear complex Mammal
Amygdala basolateral nuclear complex nonpyramidal SOM neuron GABA Somatostatin-containing nonpyramidal neuron whose axon forms synaptic contacts with the distal dendrites and spines of neighboring pyramidal cells. Although generally considered an interneuron, at least some of these cells have distant axonal projections to the substantia innominata or entorhinal cortex. A subpopulation expresses neuropeptide Y. Basolateral nuclear complex Mammal
Amygdala intercalated nuclei small spiny neuron GABA paracapsular intercalated cell (ITC) Small spiny principal neurons of the intercalated nuclei. These nuclei are clusters of neurons surrounding rostral portions of the basolateral nuclear complex. Some of these clusters are located adjacent to the external capsule or intermediate capsule (paracapsular intercalated nuclei). Intercalated amygdaloid nuclei Mammal
Amygdala lateral central nucleus medium spiny neuron GABA Medium-sized, multipolar, principal neuron found in lateral portions of the central nucleus. It has very spiny dendrites and closely resembles the medium spiny neuron of the adjacent striatum. Central amygdaloid nucleus Mammal
Antennal lobe (Honey bee) interneuron GABA
Histamine
Glutamate
Antennal lobe local interneuron Interglomerular local interneurons in the antennal lobe of the honey bee, Apis mellifera. Homoglomerular and heteroglomerular innervation patterns. Total of 4000 neurons, about two third GABA immunoreactive. Other transmitters possibly histamine and glutamate. Antennal lobe Honey bee
Apis mellifera carnica
Antennal lobe (Manduca) interneuron GABA multiglomerular local interneuron local interneuron in the tobacco hornworm moth, in neuronal cell groups at the border of the antennal lobe (mainly lateral group) that express various neuropeptides in subsets of LNs Antennal lobe Manduca sexta
Cerebellum Golgi cell GABA Cerebellar Golgi neuron
Cerebellar golgi cell
Large intrinsic neuron located in the granule layer of the cerebellar cortex that extends its dendrites into the molecular layer where they receive contact from parallel fibers. The axon of the Golgi cell enters ramifies densely in the granule layer and enters into a complex arrangement with mossy fiber terminals and granule cell dendrites to form the cerebellar glomerulus. Llinas, Walton and Lang. In The Synaptic Organization of the Brain. 5th ed. 2004. Granular layer of cerebellar cortex Vertebrata
Cerebellum Lugaro cell GABA Type of neuron found in cerebellar granule cell layer characterized by a fusiform cell body with thick, horizontally oriented dendrites. Lugaro cells are located in or slightly below the Purkinje cell layer outermost edge of the granular layer. Cerebellum
Purkinje cell layer of cerebellar cortex
Granular layer of cerebellar cortex
Vertebrata
Cerebellum Purkinje cell GABA Purkinje neuron
Purkinje's corpuscles
Cerebellar Purkinje neuron
Purkinje Cell
Purkyne cell
Corpuscles of Purkinje
cerebellar purkinje cell
Principal neuron (projection neuron) of the cerebellar cortex; cell bodies arranged in a single layer; characterized by a pear-shaped cell body, 1 (rarely 2) primary dendrites and an elaborate dendritic tree heavily invested with dendritic spines. Purkinje cell layer of cerebellar cortex Mammal
Cerebellum basket cell GABA Cerebellar basket cell Intrinsic cell residing in the inner third of the molecular layer of the cerebellar cortex. Axons extend laterally, transverse to the folium, and densely innervate the somata of Purkinje neurons. Axon collaterals of the basket cell axon form the specialized terminal plexus, the "pinceau", around the Purkinje cell axon initial segment. Llinas, Walton and Lang. In: The Synaptic Organization of the Brain. 5th ed. 2004. Molecular layer of cerebellar cortex Vertebrata
Cerebellum stellate cell GABA Cerebellar stellate neuron
Cerebellar stellate cell
Multipolar neuron found in cerebellar molecular layer. Cerebellum
Molecular layer of cerebellar cortex
Vertebrata
Cochlear nucleus (dorsal) Golgi cell GABA deep cerebellar nucleus GABAergic cell
DCN Gabaergic cell
Dorsal cochlear nucleus gabaergic cell
Dorsal cochlear nucleus Vertebrata
Cochlear nucleus (dorsal) cartwheel cell Glycine
GABA
Cartwheel neuron Cartwheel cell bodies lie on the superficial side of the pyramidal (or fusiform) cell layer of the dorsal cochlear nucleus. Their spiny dendrites receive input from the axons of granule cells (parallel fibers) and their axons release GABA and glycine onto cartwheel, pyramidal and giant cell targets. Cartwheel cells share many of the features, molecular and electrophysiological, of cerebellar Purkinje neurons. Somas lie at the superficial side of the pyramidal (fusiform) cell layer of the dorsal cochlear nucleus. Mammal
Colliculus Inferior GABAergic Principal Cell GABA large GABAergic (LG) neurons Winer and colleagues (1996) first described that GABAergic neurons project to the medial geniculate body in cat. Peruzzi et al. (1997) showed that the cell type is also found in rats, and sends action potentials more rapidly than glutamatergic IC neurons. Ito and colleagues (2009) showed that the cell type is the largest neuron in the IC and receives dense VGLUT2-positive axosomatic terminals on the cell body. Other cell types such as glutamatergic neurons and small GABAergic neurons do not have such endings. Inferior colliculus Mammal
Colliculus inferior intrinsic cell GABA small GABAergic (SG) neurons It is not established that there are "pure" local interneurons of which axons are restricted in the inferior colliculus (IC). However, even after a large injection of retrograde tracer into the medial geniculate body (MGB), a main target of IC projection, most small GABAergic neurons, which lack dense excitatory axosomatic terminals, were not labeled with the tracer. On the other hand, large GABAergic neurons send axons to the MGB. Inferior colliculus Vertebrata
Dentate gyrus HICAP cell GABA Hilar cell
Hilar neuron
"The Dentate gyrus HICAP cells (HIlar Commissural-Associational pathway related cells) are multipolar or triangular cells in the polymorphic layer with thin, aspiny dendrites that extend both within the hilus and within the molecular layer. the axons of these HICAP cells extend through the granule cell layer and branch profusely in the inner third of the molecular layer." Dentate gyrus Vertebrata
Dentate gyrus HIPP cell GABA "The Dentate gyrus HIPP cell (HIlar Perforant Path-associated cell) is an interneuron in the Hippocampal formation. It is a long-spined multipolar cell that is conspicuous of distribution of copious, long and often branched spines over its cell body and dendrites. The axonal plexus can extend as much as 3.5mm along the septotemporal axis of the dentate gyrus. Since inhibitory interneurons typically have aspiny dendrites and relatively local axonal plexuses, this long spined multipolar/HIPP cell is a very atypical interneuron". Dentate gyrus Vertebrata
Dentate gyrus IS-I cell GABA DG Interneuron-specific cell The IS (Interneuron-Specific) subpopulation of interneurons have axons that preferentially innervate other interneurons. The Dentate gyrus IS-I class interneurons are visualized by immunostaining for Calretinin (CR) and establish multiple symmetrical synapses on the dendrites and somata of other CR-positive IS-I cells, Calbindin (CB) containing interneurons, and VIP-positive basket cells, but they do not innervate PV-containing interneurons. The dendrites of Dentate gyrus IS I neurons appear in all layers of Dentate gyrus and more characteristic feature of these dendrites is that they form long dendrodendritic junctions with each other. Dentate gyrus Vertebrata
Dentate gyrus IS-II cell GABA DG Interneruon-specific II cell The IS (Interneuron-Specific) subpopulation of interneurons have axons that preferentially innervate other interneurons. The Dentate Gyrus IS-II class interneurons are visualized by immunostaining for Vasoactive Intestinal Polypeptide (VIP). The dendrites of Dentate gyrus IS-II cells are present in all layers of Dentate gyrus. Dentate gyrus Vertebrata
Dentate gyrus MOPP cell GABA The Dentate Gyrus MOPP cell (molecular layer perforant path-associated cell) is a interneuron in hippocampal formation. It is located deep in the DG molecular layer, has a multipolar or triangular cell body and gives rise to an axon that produces a substantial terminal plexus largely limited to the outer two thirds of the DG molecular layer. Dentate gyrus Vertebrata
Dentate gyrus axo-axonic cell GABA DG Chandelier cell Dentate gyrus Vertebrata
Dentate gyrus hilar cell GABA Dentate gyrus Vertebrata
Dentate gyrus spiny CR cell GABA DG Spiny CR immunoreactive cell
DG Spiny CR-positive interneurons
The DG spiny CR cells are present mostly in regions where mossy fibers have a high density, i.e., in the hilus of the dentate gyrus and in stratum lucidum of CA3 subfield. The dendrites and somata frequently possess numerous long hair-like spines that penetrate into bundles of mossy fibers. Dentate gyrus Vertebrata
Dentate gyrus trilaminar interneuron GABA Neuron with soma in the hilar region of the dentate gyrus. The dendritic arbor orientation and axon collateral distribution of this neuron resembles most the trilaminar neuron 0f CA1 region. The axon collaterals extend logitudinally into strata radiatum, pyramidale and oriens, some axon collaterals reaching the subiculum and a main branch entering the fimbria. The dendrites of these neurons run parallel with the pyramidal cell layer. Another special feature is these cells are calbindin-positive immunoreactive neurons. Dentate gyrus Vertebrata
Globus pallidus principal cell GABA Large neuron of he globus pallidus, both internal and external segment, characterized by a large and fusiform or trangular cell soma with long, thick aspiny dendrites that may extend for over 1 mm. Globus pallidus Vertebrata
Gracilis nucleus intrinsic cell GABA Gracile nucleus Vertebrata
Hippocampus CA1 basket cell GABA Hippocampal CA1 basket cell Hippocampus
CA1 alveus
CA1 stratum oriens
Mammal
Hippocampus CA1 ivy neuron GABA CA1 ivy cell
ivy cell
Ivy cells are highly abundant GABAergic interneurons when compared to basket, bistratified, or axo-axonic cells. "Ivy" cells are named after their dense and fine axons innervating mostly basal and oblique pyramidal cell dendrites. They express nitric oxide synthase, neuropeptide Y, and high levels of GABAa receptor aplha1 subunit and they are also identified as slow-spiking interneurons that regulate the excitability of pyramidal cell dendrites through slowly rising and decaying GABAergic inputs. CA1 stratum pyramidale
Hippocampus CA1 oriens lacunosum moleculare neuron GABA CA1 O-LM interneuron CA1 Oriens Lacunosum Moleculare (O-LM) cell is a neuron, which is characterized as a non-pyramidal cell type and interneuron that is mostly immunoreactive to GABAergic markers with the soma and dendrites mainly located in the CA1 stratum oriens and alveus, and axons extend directly to the stratum lacunosum-moleculare, ramifying there to form a dense plexus, forming symmetrical inhibitory synapses with the distal apical dendrites of pyramidal neurons while receiving excitatory input from CA1 recurrent collaterals in a disynaptic, feedback manner. CA1 alveus
CA1 stratum oriens
Vertebrata
Hippocampus CA2 basket cell broad GABA CA2 basket cell The CA2 basket cells are the largest group of interneurons whose vertically oriented dendrites extend across all layers from stratum oriens into stratum lacunosum-moleculare and whose axons ramify extensively in stratum pyramidale. The broad basket cells have significantly broader dendritic width, and axonal arbors than that of other types of CA2 basket cells or of CA1 basket cells. Hippocampus
CA2
Vertebrata
Hippocampus CA2 basket cell narrow GABA CA2 basket cell The CA2 basket cells are the largest group of interneurons in the CA2 region whose vertically oriented dendrites extend across all layers from stratum oriens into stratum lacunosum-moleculare and whose axons ramify extensively in stratum pyramidale. The narrow basket cells are narrow and both dendrites and axons are confined to the region of origin. CA2 stratum pyramidale
Hippocampus CA2 bistratified cell broad GABA CA2 bistratified cell The CA2 bistratified cells have radially oriented dendrites that resemble CA1 bistratified cells, but they extend through stratum oriens and stratum radiatum without entering stratum lacunosum-moleculare. The broad CA2 bistratified cells have dendrites that extend horizontally into all three CA subfields. CA2 stratum pyramidale
Hippocampus CA2 bistratified cell narrow GABA CA2 bistratified cell A type of neuron found in hippocampal area CA2 characterized by radially oriented dendrites that resemble CA1 bistratified cells, but they extend through stratum oriens and stratum radiatum without entering stratum lacunosum-moleculare. The narrow CA2 bistratified cell dendrites and axons are more confined within the CA2 region. CA2 stratum pyramidale
Hippocampus CA3 IS-I cell GABA CA3 Interneuron-specific I cell The IS (Interneuron-Specific) subpopulation of interneurons have axons that preferentially innervate other interneurons. CA3 IS-I neurons are visualized for CR and occur in all subfields of hippocampus and dentate gyrus. The CA3 IS-I cells has soma located in strata radiatum, oriens and pyramidale. The dendritic tree arborizes extensively in stratum radiatum but may also invade other layers. The characteristic feature of these dendrites is that they from long dendrodendritic junctions with each other. The main axons ramify in stratum radiatum, where they emit several collaterals that course in all directions. CA3 alveus
CA3 stratum oriens
CA3 stratum radiatum
CA3 stratum pyramidale
Vertebrata
Hippocampus CA3 IS-II cell GABA CA3 interneuron-specific II cell The IS (Interneuron-Specific) subpopulation of interneurons have axons that preferentially innervate other interneurons. CA3 IS-II cell type is visualized by immunostaining for VIP. IS-II neurons are characterized in hippocampus alone, where their somata are found in stratum radiatum. The dendritic tree consists of a tuft of smooth or sparsely spiny dendrites restricted to stratum lacunosum-moleculare, where they profusely arborize. The axon descends toward stratum pyramidale, thus forming weeping willowlike arbor. CA3 stratum radiatum Vertebrata
Hippocampus CA3 axo-axonic cell GABA CA3 chandelier cell CA3 Chandelier cells of the hippocampus are very similar to those in the dentate gyrus. The cell bodies are located within or immediately adjacent to the pyramidal cell layer and possess radially oriented dendrites spanning all layers. According to the distribution of the dendritic tree, chandelier cells are in a position to receive excitatory input from all major sources of afferents in both the CA1 and CA3 subfields. CA3 stratum pyramidale
Hippocampus CA3 basket cell GABA CA3 pyramidal basket cell The CA3 basket cell is an interneuron located in hippocampus area CA3 characterized by a triangular or fusiform soma, with one to three dendrites extending from the cell soma. One of the three dendrites originate from the apical pole of soma, which then branch profusely, ascend through stratum radiatum, and often penetrate stratum lacunosum-moelculare. Primary basal dendrites are more numerous. They also branch close to soma and fan out toward the alveus, spanning the entire depth of stratum oriens. CA3 stratum pyramidale
Hippocampus CA3 lacunosum moleculare neuron GABA CA3 LM interneurons The CA3 Lacunosum Moleculare (LM) neurons are interneurons with somata in stratum lacunosum-moleculare that receive converging stimulation from the DG and entorhinal cortex as well as from within CA3. These LM neurons have dendrites that are oriented horizontally within the layer but occasionally have branches that extend into the pyramidal cell layer. The axon also takes a predominantly horizontal orientation and ramifies mainly in the stratum lacunosum-moleculare or superficial layer portion of the stratum radiatum. CA3 stratum lacunosum moleculare
Hippocampus CA3 oriens interneuron GABA CA3 SO interneuron
CA3 SO neuron
Hippocampus CA3 stratum oriens interneuron
CA3 stratum oriens interneuron
CA3 s. oriens interneuron
The CA3 stratum oriens interneuron is a fast spiking interneuron in hippocampal area CA3 with a main dendrite arborization extending in the stratum oriens and a widespread axonal arborization in all strata (Kawaguchi et al., 1987). The vast majority of dendritic processes were confined to the same layers as the cell bodies (Kantona et al., 1999). CA3 alveus/oriens Vertebrata
Hippocampus CA3 oriens lacunosum moleculare neuron GABA OLM cell OLM cells (oriens/lacunosum-moleculare associated cell) has as its defining feature a dense axonal arbor that is confined to the stratum lacunosum-moleculare (also known as cells terminating in conjunction with entorhinal afferents). In principle the cell body and dendritic trees are located in the zones occupied by recurrent pyramidal cell collaterals. In CA3 this includes all strata except the stratum oriens. CA3 stratum oriens
CA3 alveus
Hippocampus CA3 radiatum neuron GABA CA3 R interneuron The CA3 Radiatum (R) neurons are interneurons with somata in stratum radiatum which receives converging stimulation from the DG and entorhinal cortex as well as from within CA3. The dendritic tree of R interneurons typically extend between the dorsal blade of the dentate gyrus and the stratum pyramidale of CA3. The axonal branches often extend beyond their layer of somatic residence into stratum lacunosum-moleculare or stratum pyramidale. CA3 stratum radiatum
Hippocampus CA3 spiny CR cell GABA CA3 Spiny CR immunoreactive cell
CA3 Spiny CR-positive interneurons
The CA3 spiny CR cell is an interneuron in Hippocampus that is present mostly in regions where mossy fibers have a high density, i.e., in the hilus of the dentate gyrus and in stratum lucidum of CA3 subfield. The dendrites and somata frequently possess numerous long hair-like spines that penetrate into bundles of mossy fibers. CA3 stratum lucidum
Hypoglossal nucleus GABA neuron GABA hypoglossal GABA neuron Neuron in hypoglossal nucleus characterized by a small spindle shaped or fusiform soma Hypoglossal nucleus Macaca fuscata fuscata
Neocortex Dorsolateral Prefrontal Area layer 1 parvalbumin cell GABA Neocortical interneurons
GABAergic interneurons
Inhibitory interneurons
This neuron stains for Parvalbumin and is one of the subpopulation of DLPFC layer 1 GABAergic neurons Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex layer 1 Vertebrata
Neocortex Dorsolateral Prefrontal Area layer 2 parvalbumin cell GABA Neocortical interneurons
GABAergic interneurons
Inhibitory interneurons
This neuron stains for Parvalbumin and is one of the subpopulation of DLPFC layer 2 GABAergic neurons Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex layer 2 Vertebrata
Neocortex Dorsolateral Prefrontal Area layer 3 parvalbumin cell GABA Neocortical interneurons
GABAergic interneurons
Inhibitory interneurons
This neuron stains for Parvalbumin and is one of the subpopulation of DLPFC layer 3 GABAergic neurons Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex layer 3 Vertebrata
Neocortex Dorsolateral Prefrontal Area layer 4 parvalbumin cell GABA Neocortical interneurons
GABAergic interneurons
Inhibitory interneurons
This neuron stains for Parvalbumin and is one of the subpopulation of DLPFC layer 4 GABAergic neurons Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex layer 4 Vertebrata
Neocortex Dorsolateral Prefrontal Area layer 5 parvalbumin cell GABA Neocortical interneurons
GABAergic interneurons
Inhibitory interneurons
This neuron stains for Parvalbumin and is one of the subpopulation of DLPFC layer 5 GABAergic neurons Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex layer 5 Vertebrata
Neocortex Dorsolateral Prefrontal Area layer 6 parvalbumin cell GABA Neocortical interneurons
GABAergic interneurons
Inhibitory interneurons
This neuron stains for Parvalbumin and is one of the subpopulation of DLPFC layer 6 GABAergic neurons Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex layer 6 Vertebrata
Neocortex Dorsolateral prefrontal area layer 2 Calbindin cell GABA Neocortical interneurons
GABAergic interneurons
Inhibitory interneurons
This neuron stains for Calbindin-28K and is one of the subpopulation of DLPFC layer 2 GABAergic neurons. Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex layer 2 Human
Neocortex Dorsolateral prefrontal area layer 3 Calbindin cell GABA Neocortical interneurons
GABAergic interneurons
Inhibitory interneurons
This neuron stains for Calbindin-28K and is one of the subpopulation of DLPFC layer 3 GABAergic neurons. Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex layer 3 Human
Neocortex Dorsolateral prefrontal area layer 4 Calbindin cell GABA Neocortical interneurons
GABAergic interneurons
Inhibitory interneurons
This neuron stains for Calbindin-28K and is one of the subpopulation of DLPFC layer 4 GABAergic neurons. Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex layer 4 Human
Neocortex Martinotti cell GABA Martinotti cell Neocortex layer 2
Neocortex layer 3
Neocortex layer 5
Vertebrata
Neocortex basket cell GABA cortical basket cell
basket cell
cortical basket neuron
Neocortical basket cell
parvalbumin interneuron
Neocortex
Neocortex layer 2
Neocortex layer 3
Vertebrata
Neocortex dorsolateral prefrontal area layer 5 calbindin cell GABA Neocortical interneurons
GABAergic interneurons
Inhibitory interneurons
This neuron stains for Calbindin-28K and is one of the subpopulation of DLPFC layer 5 GABAergic neurons Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex layer 5 Human
Neocortex dorsolateral prefrontal area layer 6 calbindin cell GABA Neocortical interneurons
GABAergic interneurons
Inhibitory interneurons
This neuron stains for Calbindin-28K and is one of the subpopulation of DLPFC layer 6 GABAergic neurons Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex layer 6 Human
Neostriatum SOM/NOS cell GABA
Somatostatin
Neuropeptide Y
striatal SOM/NOS interneuron
SOM/NOS interneuron
neostriatum SOM/NOS interneuron
LTS cell
PLTS cell
somatostatin/nitric oxide synthase interneuron
Striatum Vertebrata
Neostriatum direct pathway spiny neuron GABA Medium spiny neuron
Neostriatal spiny neuron
Medium-sized spiny neuron
Striatal spiny neuron
Striatal medium spiny neuron
The principal projection neuron of the caudate and putamen. Caudate nucleus
Putamen
Nucleus accumbens
Mammal
Neostriatum gaba/parvalbumin interneuron GABA GABA/parvalbumin striatal interneuron
fast-spiking interneuron
FS Cell
A type of interneuron located in the striatum that stain intensely for GABAergic markers and for parvalbumin. The cells are medium sized with round somata and smooth, sometimes varicose dendrites. The axonal arborization banches extensively and often forms baskets on the somata of the spiny neurons. Intracellular staining studies suggest that these cells may be divided into two subgroups epending on whether their dendrites and axons ramify within 100-150 um of the soma or are more extended (up to 300 um) Adapted from The Basal Ganglia, Chapter 9, Shepherd, G. M. The synaptic organization of the brain, 5th ed, New York: Oxford University Press. Striatum Vertebrata
Neostriatum indirect pathway spiny neuron GABA Medium spiny neuron
Neostriatal spiny neuron
Medium-sized spiny neuron
Striatal spiny neuron
Striatal medium spiny neuron
The principal projection neuron of the caudate and putamen. Caudate nucleus
Putamen
Nucleus accumbens
Mammal
Olfactory bulb (accessory) glomerular layer cell GABA
Dopamine
Glomerular layer cell
periglomerular cell
Small intrinsic neuron in the glomerular layer of the accessory olfactory bulb, with cell bodies surrounding the olfactory glomerulus. Equivalent to the periglomerular cell of the main olfactory bulb, but the glomeruli are less clearly differentiated. The cell body is 6-8 um in diameter, from which arises a short bushy dendrite that arborizes within a glomerulus, where it receives synaptic input from olfactory receptor cell axon terminals, and engages in dendrodendritic interactions with mitral/tufted cell dendrites. The axon distributes laterally within the extraglomerular region. Shepherd, Chen, Greer. Olfactory bulb. In The synaptic organization of the brain, ed 5 New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. Olfactory bulb
Olfactory bulb accessory nucleus
Olfactory bulb accessory glomerular layer
Mammal
Olfactory bulb (accessory) granule cell GABA Accessory olfactory bulb granule neuron
Accessory olfactory bulb granule cell
The main intrinsic neuron in the accessory olfactory bulb in the mammalian central nervous system. It resembles the granule cell in the main olfactory bulb, including the lack of an axon. Each cell gives rise to short central dendrites and a single long apical dendrite that traverses the granule cell layer, pierces the mitral cell body layer, and branches and terminates within the external plexiform layer among the lateral dendrites of mitral and tufted cells. The dendrites receive synaptic input from mitral and tufted cell dendrites, and have synaptic outputs to those dendrites through reciprocal dendrodendritic synapses. Shepherd, Chen, Greer. Olfactory Bulb. In The Synaptic Organization of the Brain, ed 5. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. The AOB granule cells are replaced in the adult through ongoing neurogenesis in the subventricular zone Olfactory bulb (accessory) granule cell layer
Olfactory bulb (accessory) mitral cell body layer
Mammal
Olfactory bulb (main) Blanes cell GABA Blanes Cell
Olfactory bulb (main) deep short axon cell
short axon cell
Large, stellate-shaped short axon cell in the granule cell layer of the main olfactory bulb. Olfactory bulb main granule cell layer Rat
Olfactory bulb (main) adult-born granule cell GABA The olfactory bulb adult-born granule cell is a cohort of cell that comprise a large fraction of the vertibrate olfactory bulb granule cell layer. These neurons proliferate from from the subventricular zone, migrate through the rostral migratory stream and integrate into the olfactory bulb granule cell layer. Upon arriving in the olfactory bulb granule cell layer they migrate radially outward and mature with morphologies similar to neonate olfactory bulb granule cells. This process continues throughout the adult life of the vertibrate. There is some decline in adult neurogenesis in aged vertebrates and the presence of the subventricular proliferative zone is controversial in humans Olfactory bulb main granule cell layer Vertebrata
Olfactory bulb (main) granule cell GABA Granule cell of olfactory bulb
Olfactory granule neuron
The main intrinsic neuron in the vertebrate olfactory bulb. It lacks an axon. Each cell gives rise to short central dendrites and a single long apical dendrite that traverses the granule cell layer, pierces the mitral cell body layer, and branches and terminates within the external plexiform layer among the lateral dendrites of mitral and tufted cells. The dendrites receive synaptic input from mitral and tufted cell lateral dendrites, and have synaptic outputs on those dendrites through reciprocal dendrodendritic synapses. Shepherd, Chen & Greer. Olfactory Bulb. The Synaptic Organization of the Brain, ed 5. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. Olfactory bulb main granule cell layer
Olfactory bulb main mitral cell body layer
Rat
Mammal
Mouse
Olfactory bulb (main) periglomerular cell GABA
Dopamine
Periglomerular neuron
Olfactory bulb periglomerular cell
Small intrinsic neuron in the glomerular layer of the olfactory bulb, with cell bodies surrounding the olfactory glomerulus. The cell body is 6-8 um in diameter, from which arises a short bushy dendrite that arborizes within a glomerulus, where it receives synaptic input from olfactory receptor cell axon terminals, and engages in dendrodendritic interactions with mitral/tufted cell dendrites. Occasionally, bitufted PG cells connected to two glomeruli are seen. The axon distributes laterally within the extraglomerular region, extending as far as 5-10 glomeruli away. Some PG cells appear to lack axons. Subtypes may be identified based on their biochemical constituents. Olfactory bulb main glomerular layer Mammal
Olfactory cortex horizontal cell GABA Horizontal cell (olfactory)
olfactory horizontal cell
Medium-size interneuron in the superficial layer I of the olfactory cortex, with dendrites oriented parallel to the surface, and axon descending to layer II. They presumably receive excitatory input from the LOT fibers and are inhibitory in layer II. Piriform cortex layer 1
Olfactory cortex
Vertebrata
Olfactory cortex small globular cell GABA A small stellate cell with globular somata found in all layers of the piriform cortex. Olfactory cortex Vertebrata
Olfactory tubercle Islets of Calleja GABA cell GABA Islands of Calleja Gaba interneuron
Islets of Calleja Gaba interneuron
Olfactory tubercle Islets of Calleja GABA interneuron
Olfactory tubercle Vertebrata
Retina amacrine cell GABA
Glycine
Dopamine
Amacrine Neuron type II
Type II Amacrine cell
Cell in the inner plexiform layer of the retina, consisting of multiple dendrites and no axon. It makes synaptic connections with bipolar cell terminals and ganglion cell dendrites, as well as other amacrine cell dendrites. Amacrine II cells have gap junctions with bipolar terminals and other amacrine cells, which are switched on for night time vision. Retina inner plexiform layer Vertebrata
Retina horizontal cell GABA horizontal cell (retina) Cell in the external nuclear layer whose processes receive connections from the photoreceptors and make connections with photoreceptors and bipolar terminals in the external plexiform layer. In the cat, one type of horizontal cell has only dendrites; another type has a dendritic arborization and a long axon and large axonal arborization, each of which has independent inputs and outputs. Retina external plexiform layer Vertebrata
Substantia nigra pars reticulata interneuron GABA GABA substantia nigra pars reticulata GABA interneuron
Substantia nigra pars reticulata GABA neuron
Pars reticulata Gaba interneuron
Substantia nigra pars reticulata Vertebrata
Substantia nigra pars reticulata principal cell GABA Substantia nigra pars reticulata principal neuron Substantia nigra pars reticulata Vertebrata
Suprachiasmatic nucleus principal neuron Vasopressin
Vasoactive intestinal peptide
Gastrin-releasing peptide
GABA
Somatostatin
Enkephalin
SCN neuron Neuron located in the mammalian suprachiasmatic nucleus. Has a role in the generation and/or propagation of circadian rhythms. Suprachiasmatic nucleus Vertebrata
Taste bud type 3 cell Serotonin
GABA
Norepinephrine
Vertebrata
Thalamus geniculate nucleus (lateral) interneuron GABA Small interneuron thalamic
small thalamic interneuron
Thalamus Vertebrata
Thalamus medial geniculate nucleus interneuron small GABA medial geniculate Golgi IIa cell
medial geniculate small interneuron
Type of small thalamic interneuron Cat
Thalamus reticular nucleus cell GABA thalamic reticular cell
Thalamic reticular nucleus neuron
Thalamic reticular neuron
Thalamic reticular nucleus Vertebrata
Tuberomammillary nucleus large histamine neuron Histamine
GABA
Tubermammillary histaminergic neuron Large neuron in the tubermammillary nucleus that contains histamine and projects widely to the cerebral cortex Tuberomammillary nucleus Mammal
Zoidberg Neuron GABA
Acetylcholine
Starburst Neuron
Starburst Amacrine Cell
n00b neuron
Zoidberg cell
The "Zoidberg Neuron" is a name for a recently mapped Starburst Amacrine Cell. The name was chosen via EyeWire, a neural mapping 'game', to any player who completed over 100 cubes. Prior to the competition, the specific neuron was known as the 'n00b neuron' by EyeWirers. However, the name was soon officially dubbed as the 'Zoidberg Neuron' during YouTube Geek Week. The name 'Zoidberg' is a reference to the Futurama character, Zoidberg. Vertebrata

Contributors

Memartone, Msriaz, Slarson



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Facts about GABAergic neuronRDF feed
CurationStatusuncurated  +
DefinitionA neuron that uses GABA as a neurotransmitter
Idnlx_neuron_nt_090803  +
LabelGABAergic neuron  +
ModifiedDate20 February 2010  +
SuperCategoryDefined neuron class  +