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Olfactory bulb (accessory) mitral cell

Name: Olfactory bulb (accessory) mitral cell
Description: A principal neuron of the mammalian accessory olfactory bulb. Resembles the mitral cell of the main olfactory bulb, though somewhat smaller and less clearly differentiated. The cell bodies are arranged in a thin layer between the granule cell layer and the external plexiform layer. Each mitral cell is characterized by one (occasionally several) primary dendrite that traverses the external plexiform layer and terminates within an olfactory glomerulus in a tuft of branches where it receives input from the axons of sensory cells of the vomeronasal organ.
Synonym(s): Mitral cell of the accessory olfactory bulb, accessory olfactory bulb mitral cell
Abbreviation: MC (AOB)
Has role: Principal neuron
Super-category: Neuron
URL: In: The Synaptic Organization of the Brain, ed 5. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.
*Id: nlx_cell_20090304
Defining criteria: Morphology; Connectivity; Biochemical
Organism: Mammal
Link to OWL / RDF: Download this content as OWL/RDF

Soma Specific Properties

Cell Soma Shape: Mitral
Cell Soma Size: Medium soma
Soma Location: Olfactory bulb (accessory), mitral cell body layer

Dendrite Specific Properties

Spine density on dendrites: Smooth
Branching type: apical/basal

Axon Specific Properties

Axon myelination: myelinated
Axon projection laterality: ipsilateral
Origin of axon: soma and sometimes dendrite
Location of distant axon arborization: amygdala cortico-medial nucleus
Location of local axon arborization: olfactory bulb (accessory) external plexiform layer

Intrinsic Properties

Neurotransmitter released: Glutamate
Neurotransmitter receptors: GABA
Defining Criteria: Morphology; Connectivity; Biochemical


Notes

This page uses this default form:Petilla_neuron



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*Note: Neurolex imports many terms and their ids from existing community ontologies, e.g., the Gene Ontology. Neurolex, however, is a dynamic site and any content beyond the identifier should not be presumed to reflect the content or views of the source ontology. Users should consult with the authoritative source for each ontology for current information.

Facts about Olfactory bulb (accessory) mitral cellRDF feed
AbbrevMC (AOB)  +
AxonDiameter1  +
AxonLengthRat: 5-7 mm  +
AxonMyelinationmyelinated  +
AxonProjectionLateralityipsilateral  +
BranchingMetricsapical/basal  +
CellSomaShapeCategory:Mitral   +
CellSomaSizeMedium soma  +
CellularSynapticTargetIntrinsic: granule cells in granule cell layer and external plexiform layer. Extrinsic: Pyramidal and short axon cells in the Nucleus of stria terminalis  +, Cortical amygdaloid nucleus  +, Medial amygdaloid nucleus  +, (medial anterior  +, Medial posterior  +, and Posterior cortical nuclei of the amygdala)  +
CommentEdited by GMS 8-10-9 Output neuron of the accessory olfactory bulb
CurationStatusuncurated  +
DefiningCitationIn: The Synaptic Organization of the Brain, ed 5. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.  +
DefiningCriteriaMorphology; Connectivity; Biochemical  +
DefinitionA principal neuron of the mammalian access A principal neuron of the mammalian accessory olfactory bulb. Resembles the mitral cell of the main olfactory bulb, though somewhat smaller and less clearly differentiated. The cell bodies are arranged in a thin layer between the granule cell layer and the external plexiform layer. Each mitral cell is characterized by one (occasionally several) primary dendrite that traverses the external plexiform layer and terminates within an olfactory glomerulus in a tuft of branches where it receives input from the axons of sensory cells of the vomeronasal organ. of sensory cells of the vomeronasal organ.
DendriteLengthRat: 300-400 um  +
DendriteThicknessRat: Apical: 2-4 um maintained to the glomerular tuft; basal: 1-3 um at origin, narrowing through branching to less than 1 um.  +
FiringPatternsRegular firing and bursting  +
Has default formThis property is a special property in this wiki.Petilla neuron  +
Has rolePrincipal neuron  +
Idnlx_cell_20090304  +
LabelOlfactory bulb (accessory) mitral cell  +
Located inOlfactory bulb (accessory)  +, and Mitral cell body layer  +
LocationOfAxonArborizationAmygdala cortico-medial nucleus  +
LocationOfLocalAxonArborizationOlfactory bulb (accessory) external plexiform layer  +
ModifiedDate9 March 2012  +
NeurotransmitterGlutamate  +
NeurotransmitterReceptorsGABA  +
NumberOfPrimaryDendrites1 (sometimes several)  +
OriginOfAxonsoma and sometimes dendrite  +
Page has default formThis property is a special property in this wiki.Petilla neuron  +
SpeciesMammal  +
SpineDensityOnDendritesSmooth  +
SpontaneousFiringPatternsRegular firing and bursting  +
SpontaneousFiringRatemedium firing  +
SubcellularSynapticTargetIntrinsic: Dendrodendritic synapses on granule cell dendritic spines. Extrinsic: Axon in olfactory cortical areas on apical dendritic spines of pyramidal cells and dendrites of superficial interneurons  +
SuperCategoryNeuron  +
SynapticPhysiologyOutput synapses: GLU NMDA, AMPA; Input synapses: GABA  +
SynonymMitral cell of the accessory olfactory bulb  +, and accessory olfactory bulb mitral cell  +