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Insula

Name: Insula
Description: Gray matter of the insular region of the neocortex. In gyrencephalic animals, it is part of the insular lobe and lies in the depths of the lateral fissure and covered by portions of the frontal, parietal and temporal lobes. It includes Brodmann areas 13-16.
Synonym(s): Insular cortex, central lobe, insular gyrus, insular lobe, insular region, insulary cortex, island of Reil, Lobus insularis[1]
Is part of: neocortex
Has role: Interoception, Awareness, Visceral Sensation, Somatosensory Integration[2]
Super-category: Regional part of brain
*Id: birnlex_1117
Defining criteria: topography
Link to OWL / RDF: Download this content as OWL/RDF
Neuronames ID ( what's this?): 93
Defining Criteria: topography
Cyto-architecture defining Criteria: In monkeys, the insula is divided into three cytoarchitectonic areas: (1) a rostroventral agranular field that is divided into two architectonically distinct zones: the periallocortex surrounding the primary olfactory cortex, a zone that possesses a lamina dissecans and the adjacent region of thin cortex that lacks a lamina dissecans; (2) a transitional dysgranular field and (3) a caudodorsal granular insula. [3]
Connectivity defining Criteria: Receives connections from sensory thalamic nuclei, reciprocal connections with amygdala, parietal lobe, temporal lobe, frontal lobe, basal nuclei, striatum [4]
Topography defining Criteria: Buried in lateral sulcus, covered by opercular parts of frontal, parietal, and temporal lobes
Atlas Image: Image:Insula2.jpgImage:Insula2.jpg, Image:Insula.jpgImage:Insula.jpg

Categories related to Insula

Interoception

Axons in Insula

Thalamus ventroposterior nucleus principal neuron are neurons or parts of neurons whose axons can be found in Insula or its parts.

Parts of Insula


References

  1. Bowden DM et al. (2012) NeuroNames: an ontology for the BrainInfo portal to neuroscience on the web. Neuroinformatics 10: 97-114 PubMed
  2. Critchley HD et al. (1996) Circuitry and functional aspects of the insular lobe in primates including humans. Brain Res Brain Res Rev 22: 229-44 PubMed
  3. Chikama M et al. (1997) Insular cortical projections to functional regions of the striatum correlate with cortical cytoarchitectonic organization in the primate. J Neurosci 17: 9686-705 PubMed
  4. Mufson EJ et al. (2003) Functional anatomy of the insula: new insights from imaging. Surg Radiol Anat 25: 113-9 PubMed


Notes

Non structured information for this region can be found https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Insular_cortex



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*Note: Neurolex imports many terms and their ids from existing community ontologies, e.g., the Gene Ontology. Neurolex, however, is a dynamic site and any content beyond the identifier should not be presumed to reflect the content or views of the source ontology. Users should consult with the authoritative source for each ontology for current information.

Facts about InsulaRDF feed
AtlasImageInsula2.jpg  +, and Insula.jpg  +
ConnDefiningCriteriaReceives connections from sensory thalamic nuclei, reciprocal connections with amygdala, parietal lobe, temporal lobe, frontal lobe, basal nuclei, striatum
Created4 October 2006  +
CurationStatusgraph position temporary  +
CuratorMaryann Martone  +
CytoDefiningCriteriaIn monkeys, the insula is divided into thr In monkeys, the insula is divided into three cytoarchitectonic areas: (1) a rostroventral agranular field that is divided into two architectonically distinct zones: the periallocortex surrounding the primary olfactory cortex, a zone that possesses a lamina dissecans and the adjacent region of thin cortex that lacks a lamina dissecans; (2) a transitional dysgranular field and (3) a caudodorsal granular insula. eld and (3) a caudodorsal granular insula.
DefiningCriteriatopography  +
DefinitionGray matter of the insular region of the n Gray matter of the insular region of the neocortex. In gyrencephalic animals, it is part of the insular lobe and lies in the depths of the lateral fissure and covered by portions of the frontal, parietal and temporal lobes. It includes Brodmann areas 13-16. l lobes. It includes Brodmann areas 13-16.
EditorialNoteI added the synonyms from Brain Info, but I'm still debating whether insular gyrus is a synonym for insular cortex. I think so, but perhaps needs review.
Has default formThis property is a special property in this wiki.PONS brain region  +
Has roleInteroception  +, Awareness  +, Visceral Sensation  +, and Somatosensory Integration  +
Idbirnlex_1117  +
Is part ofNeocortex  +
LabelInsula  +
ModifiedDate14 January 2014  +
NeuronamesLinkhttp://braininfo.rprc.washington.edu/Scripts/hiercentraldirectory.aspx?ID=93  +
Page has default formThis property is a special property in this wiki.PONS brain region  +
SuperCategoryRegional part of brain  +
SynonymInsular cortex  +, central lobe  +, insular gyrus  +, insular lobe  +, insular region  +, insulary cortex  +, island of Reil  +, and Lobus insularis  +
TomoDefiningCriteriaBuried in lateral sulcus, covered by opercular parts of frontal, parietal, and temporal lobes
UmlscuiC0021640  +