Neurolex is being transitioned to a new system and is currently not accepting new additions. If you have additions or questions please contact us at [email protected], or submit an issue to the github issue tracker at https://github.com/SciCrunch/NIF-Ontology/issues.

arrow

From NeuroLex

(Redirected from Birnlex 1494)
Jump to: navigation, search



Cerebral cortex

Name: Cerebral cortex
Description: The thin layer of gray matter on the surface of the cerebral hemisphere that develops from the telencephalon. It consists of the neocortex (6 layered cortex or isocortex), the hippocampal formation and the olfactory cortex.

The cerebral cortex is a sheet of neural tissue that is outermost to the cerebrum of the mammalian brain. It plays a key role in memory, attention, perceptual awareness, thought, language, and consciousness. It is constituted of up to six horizontal layers, each of which has a different composition in terms of neurons and connectivity.

One of the 10 basic divisions of the cerebrospinal axi. The cerebral cortex is the dorsal topographic division of the endbrain (Kuhlenbeck, 1927), with a basically radial, laminated architecture. The cerebral cortex was described and illustrated for macrodissected adult humans by Vesalius (1543), and the term itself was introduced for macrodissected adult humans by Bauhin (1605).
Synonym(s): Cortex, Pallium
Abbreviation: Cx
Is part of: Cerebrospinal axis
Super-category: Regional part of brain
*Id: birnlex_1494
Defining criteria: cyto-architecture, connectivity, topography
Link to OWL / RDF: Download this content as OWL/RDF
Neuronames ID ( what's this?): 20
Defining Criteria: cyto-architecture, connectivity, topography

Neurons in Cerebral cortex

Cortex pyramidal cell, Dentate gyrus HICAP cell, Dentate gyrus HIPP cell, Dentate gyrus IS-I cell, Dentate gyrus IS-II cell, Dentate gyrus MOPP cell, Dentate gyrus axo-axonic cell, Dentate gyrus basket cell, Dentate gyrus granule cell, Dentate gyrus hilar cell, Dentate gyrus mossy cell, Dentate gyrus spiny CR cell, Dentate gyrus trilaminar interneuron, Entorhinal cortex layer 2 stellate neuron, Entorhinal cortex pyramidal cell, Grid cell, Head direction cell, Hippocampus (CA) pyramidal cell, Hippocampus CA1 basket cell, Hippocampus CA1 oriens lacunosum moleculare neuron, Hippocampus CA1 stratum oriens neuron, Hippocampus CA1 trilaminar neuron, Hippocampus CA2 basket cell broad, Hippocampus CA2 pyramidal neuron, Hippocampus CA3 IS-I cell, Hippocampus CA3 oriens lacunosum moleculare neuron, Neocortex Martinotti cell, Neocortex basket cell, Neocortex bipolar cell, Neocortex bouquet double cell, Neocortex candelabrum cell, Neocortex chandelier cell, Neocortex polymorphic cell layer 5-6, Neocortex primary motor area pyramidal layer 2-3 cell, Neocortex primary motor area pyramidal layer 5 callosal cell, Neocortex primary motor area pyramidal layer 5 corticopontine-tectal cell, Neocortex primary motor area pyramidal layer 5 corticospinal cell, Neocortex primary motor area pyramidal layer 5 corticostriate cell, Neocortex pyramidal cell, Neocortex pyramidal cell layer 5-6, Neocortex pyramidal layer 2-3 cell, Neocortex stellate cell, Neocortex stellate layer 4 cell, Neocortex stellate smooth cell, Neocortex stellate spiny cell, Olfactory cortex deep pyramidal cell, Olfactory cortex horizontal cell, Olfactory cortex semilunar cell, Olfactory cortex superficial pyramidal cell, Subiculum pyramidal cell are neurons that can be found in Cerebral cortex or its parts.

Axons in Cerebral cortex

Amygdala basolateral nuclear complex nonpyramidal SOM neuron, Amygdala basolateral nuclear complex pyramidal neuron, Dentate gyrus HICAP cell, Dentate gyrus HIPP cell, Dentate gyrus IS-I cell, Dentate gyrus IS-II cell, Dentate gyrus MOPP cell, Dentate gyrus axo-axonic cell, Dentate gyrus granule cell, Dentate gyrus spiny CR cell, Dentate gyrus trilaminar interneuron, Hippocampus CA1 IS-I neuron, Hippocampus CA1 IS-III neuron, Hippocampus CA1 LM(R) PP neuron, Hippocampus CA1 ivy neuron, Hippocampus CA1 lacunosum moleculare neuron, Hippocampus CA1 neurogliaform neuron, Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal cell, Hippocampus CA1 stratum oriens neuron, Hippocampus CA1 trilaminar neuron, Hippocampus CA2 basket cell broad, Hippocampus CA2 basket cell narrow, Hippocampus CA2 bistratified cell broad, Hippocampus CA2 bistratified cell narrow, Hippocampus CA2 pyramidal neuron, Hippocampus CA3 axo-axonic cell, Hippocampus CA3 basket cell, Neocortex primary motor area pyramidal layer 2-3 cell, Subiculum pyramidal cell, Thalamus ventroposterior nucleus principal neuron are neurons or parts of neurons whose axons can be found in Cerebral cortex or its parts.

Dendrites in Cerebral cortex

Dentate gyrus mossy cell, Hippocampus CA1 IS-III neuron, Hippocampus CA1 LM(R) PP neuron, Hippocampus CA1 ivy neuron, Hippocampus CA1 lacunosum moleculare neuron, Hippocampus CA1 neurogliaform neuron, Hippocampus CA1 stratum oriens neuron, Hippocampus CA1 trilaminar neuron, Hippocampus CA2 basket cell narrow, Hippocampus CA2 bistratified cell broad, Hippocampus CA2 bistratified cell narrow, Hippocampus CA3 axo-axonic cell, Hippocampus CA3 basket cell, Hippocampus CA3 oriens lacunosum moleculare neuron, Neocortex primary motor area pyramidal layer 2-3 cell, Neocortex primary motor area pyramidal layer 5 corticopontine-tectal cell are neurons whose dendrites can be found in Cerebral cortex or its parts.

Parts of Cerebral cortex

Inferred outgoing projections for Cerebral cortex

The following brain regions receive axons from Cerebral cortex: Caudate nucleus, Dorsal nucleus of lateral geniculate body, Lateral mammillary nucleus, Mammillary body, Medial mammillary nucleus, Parafascicular nucleus, Postsubiculum, Red nucleus, Striatum, Subthalamic nucleus, Ventral striatum, Ventral tegmental area. The statements about these projections are not made on this page, but rather are made on the pages linked here.

Inferred incoming projections for Cerebral cortex

The following brain regions send axons into Cerebral cortex: Claustrum, Perirhinal cortex of primate of Burwell et al 1995, Postsubiculum, Ventral posterior nucleus, Ventral tegmental area. The statements about these projections are not made on this page, but rather are made on the pages linked here.


  • This visualization was created by the Scalable Brain Atlas group and is based on the Rhesus Monkey - Paxinos et al. 2000

thumbnail.php?template=PHT00&size=L&dim=2d3d&region=Cx&type=.png


Non structured information for this region can be found https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cerebral_cortex



bookmark

*Note: Neurolex imports many terms and their ids from existing community ontologies, e.g., the Gene Ontology. Neurolex, however, is a dynamic site and any content beyond the identifier should not be presumed to reflect the content or views of the source ontology. Users should consult with the authoritative source for each ontology for current information.

Facts about Cerebral cortexRDF feed
AbbrevCx  +
Created15 July 2006  +
CurationStatusuncurated  +
DefiningCriteriacyto-architecture, connectivity, topography  +
DefinitionThe thin layer of gray matter on the surfa The thin layer of gray matter on the surface of the cerebral hemisphere that develops from the telencephalon. It consists of the neocortex (6 layered cortex or isocortex), the hippocampal formation and the olfactory cortex.

The cerebral cortex is a sheet of neural tissue that is outermost to the cerebrum of the mammalian brain. It plays a key role in memory, attention, perceptual awareness, thought, language, and consciousness. It is constituted of up to six horizontal layers, each of which has a different composition in terms of neurons and connectivity.

One of the 10 basic divisions of the cerebrospinal axi. The cerebral cortex is the dorsal topographic division of the endbrain (Kuhlenbeck, 1927), with a basically radial, laminated architecture. The cerebral cortex was described and illustrated for macrodissected adult humans by Vesalius (1543), and the term itself was introduced for macrodissected adult humans by Bauhin (1605).
rodissected adult humans by Bauhin (1605).
Has default formThis property is a special property in this wiki.PONS brain region  +
Idbirnlex_1494  +
Is part ofCerebrospinal axis  +
LabelCerebral cortex  +
ModifiedDate19 November 2014  +
NeuronamesLinkhttp://braininfo.rprc.washington.edu/Scripts/hiercentraldirectory.aspx?ID=20  +
Page has default formThis property is a special property in this wiki.PONS brain region  +
SuperCategoryRegional part of brain  +
SynonymCortex  +, and Pallium  +
UmlscuiC0007776  +