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Brainstem

Name: Brainstem
Description: The lower portion of the brain through which the forebrain sends information to, and receives information from, the spinal cord and peripheral nerves. Major functions located in the brainstem include those necessary for survival, e.g., breathing, heart rate, blood pressure, and arousal. (NIDA Media Guide Glossary). Note that the definition of brainstem varies in different nomenclatures, for example, some definitions include the diencephalon.
Synonym(s): brain stem
Super-category: Regional part of brain
*Id: birnlex_1565
Link to OWL / RDF: Download this content as OWL/RDF
Neuronames ID ( what's this?): 218

Categories related to Brainstem

Medulla oblongata, Pons

Neurons in Brainstem

Mauthner cell, Oculomotor nucleus motor neuron, Substantia nigra pars compacta dopaminergic cell, Substantia nigra pars reticulata interneuron GABA, Substantia nigra pars reticulata principal cell, Trochlear nucleus motor neuron, Ventral tegmental area dopamine neuron are neurons that can be found in Brainstem or its parts.

Axons in Brainstem

Neocortex primary motor area pyramidal layer 5 corticospinal cell, Neostriatum direct pathway spiny neuron, Neostriatum indirect pathway spiny neuron are neurons or parts of neurons whose axons can be found in Brainstem or its parts.

Parts of Brainstem

Inferred outgoing projections for Brainstem

The following brain regions receive axons from Brainstem: Barrington's nucleus, Dentate nucleus, Fastigial nucleus, Lateral mammillary nucleus, Lateral paragigantocellular nucleus, Mammillary body, Medial mammillary nucleus, Nucleus accumbens, Nucleus prepositus, Parafascicular nucleus, Pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus, Postsubiculum, Subthalamic nucleus, Superior oblique extraocular muscle, Ventral pallidum, Ventral tegmental area. The statements about these projections are not made on this page, but rather are made on the pages linked here.

Inferred incoming projections for Brainstem

The following brain regions send axons into Brainstem: Caudate nucleus, Interpositus Nucleus, Lateral mammillary nucleus, Lateral paragigantocellular nucleus, Mammillary body, Medial mammillary nucleus, Nucleus prepositus, Putamen, Rexed lamina V, Rexed lamina VIII, Rexed lamina X, Subthalamic nucleus, Ventral pallidum, Ventral striatum. The statements about these projections are not made on this page, but rather are made on the pages linked here.


Non structured information for this region can be found https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brainstem


  • Externally Sourced Definition: The part of the brain that connects the cerebral hemispheres with the spinal cord. It consists of the Mesencephalon, Pons, and Medulla Oblongata (MeSH).
  • Externally Sourced Definition: The term brain stem refers to a composite substructure of the brain. It includes the midbrain, the pons and the medulla oblongata. Some authors include the cerebellum and/or parts of the diencephalon. A discussion of differences in the use of this term is presented in Anthoney-94 (NeuroNames).
  • Definition Source: MeSH


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*Note: Neurolex imports many terms and their ids from existing community ontologies, e.g., the Gene Ontology. Neurolex, however, is a dynamic site and any content beyond the identifier should not be presumed to reflect the content or views of the source ontology. Users should consult with the authoritative source for each ontology for current information.

Facts about BrainstemRDF feed
Created15 July 2006  +
CurationStatusuncurated  +
DefinitionThe lower portion of the brain through whi The lower portion of the brain through which the forebrain sends information to, and receives information from, the spinal cord and peripheral nerves. Major functions located in the brainstem include those necessary for survival, e.g., breathing, heart rate, blood pressure, and arousal. (NIDA Media Guide Glossary). Note that the definition of brainstem varies in different nomenclatures, for example, some definitions include the diencephalon. some definitions include the diencephalon.
DefinitionSourceMeSH  +, and NeuroNames  +
EditorialNoteAs this aggregate structure includes portions of the forebrain, the midbrain, and the hindbrain, it must be kept here at the base of the brain region hierarchy in order to avoid multiple inheritance (BB).
ExternallySourcedDefinitionThe part of the brain that connects the cerebral hemispheres with the spinal cord. It consists of the Mesencephalon, Pons, and Medulla Oblongata (MeSH)., and The term brain stem refers to a composite The term brain stem refers to a composite substructure of the brain. It includes the midbrain, the pons and the medulla oblongata. Some authors include the cerebellum and/or parts of the diencephalon. A discussion of differences in the use of this term is presented in Anthoney-94 (NeuroNames). is presented in Anthoney-94 (NeuroNames).
Has default formThis property is a special property in this wiki.PONS brain region  +
Idbirnlex_1565  +
LabelBrainstem  +
ModifiedDate20 December 2013  +
NeuronamesLinkhttp://braininfo.rprc.washington.edu/Scripts/hiercentraldirectory.aspx?ID=218  +
SuperCategoryRegional part of brain  +
Synonymbrain stem  +
UmlscuiC0006121  +