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Hypothalamus

Name: Hypothalamus
Description: Ventral part of the diencephalon extending from the region of the optic chiasm to the caudal border of the mammillary bodies and forming the inferior and lateral walls of the third ventricle. The ventral topographic division of the interbrain. The first adequate description of the hypothalamus as a layer of gray matter surrounding the lower half of the third ventricle (Galen, c173) was provided by Wharton (1656, see 1966 translation, p. 170). His (1893, pp. 159-162) introduced the term but assigned the preoptic region (Swanson, 1976, pp. 229-235) of the hypothalamus to the telencephalon (His, 1893b). The definition here was introduced for vertebrates by Kuhlenbeck (1927, p. 67, Ch. 9).
Synonym(s): Hypencephalon
Abbreviation: Hy
Is part of: Diencephalon, Central autonomic network
Super-category: Regional part of brain
*Id: birnlex_734
Organism: Vertebrate
Link to OWL / RDF: Download this content as OWL/RDF
Neuronames ID ( what's this?): 275

Neurons in Hypothalamus

Head direction cell, Hypothalamus oxytocin neuroendocrine magnocellular cell, Hypothalamus oxytocin releasing neuroendocrine magnocellular neuron, Hypothalamus vasopressin neuroendocrine magnocellular neuron, Neuroendocrine motor magnocellular neurosecretory cell, Tuberomammillary nucleus large histamine neuron, Tuberomammillary nucleus medium histamine neuron are neurons that can be found in Hypothalamus or its parts.

Parts of Hypothalamus

Inferred outgoing projections for Hypothalamus

The following brain regions receive axons from Hypothalamus: Anterior lobe of pituitary of PHT00, Lateral mammillary nucleus, Mammillary body, Medial mammillary nucleus, Postsubiculum. The statements about these projections are not made on this page, but rather are made on the pages linked here.

Inferred incoming projections for Hypothalamus

The following brain regions send axons into Hypothalamus: Postsubiculum, Rexed lamina X, Tuberal supraoptic nucleus, Ventral tegmental area. The statements about these projections are not made on this page, but rather are made on the pages linked here.


  • Definition Source: MeSH
  • Definition Source: FMC
  • Abbreviation Source: NeuroNames_abbrevSource

Notes

Non structured information for this region can be found https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hypothalamus



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*Note: Neurolex imports many terms and their ids from existing community ontologies, e.g., the Gene Ontology. Neurolex, however, is a dynamic site and any content beyond the identifier should not be presumed to reflect the content or views of the source ontology. Users should consult with the authoritative source for each ontology for current information.

Facts about HypothalamusRDF feed
AbbrevHy  +
AbbrevSourceNeuroNames_abbrevSource  +
Created15 July 2006  +
CurationStatusuncurated  +
DefinitionVentral part of the diencephalon extending Ventral part of the diencephalon extending from the region of the optic chiasm to the caudal border of the mammillary bodies and forming the inferior and lateral walls of the third ventricle. The ventral topographic division of the interbrain. The first adequate description of the hypothalamus as a layer of gray matter surrounding the lower half of the third ventricle (Galen, c173) was provided by Wharton (1656, see 1966 translation, p. 170). His (1893, pp. 159-162) introduced the term but assigned the preoptic region (Swanson, 1976, pp. 229-235) of the hypothalamus to the telencephalon (His, 1893b). The definition here was introduced for vertebrates by Kuhlenbeck (1927, p. 67, Ch. 9). brates by Kuhlenbeck (1927, p. 67, Ch. 9).
DefinitionSourceMeSH  +, and FMC  +
Has default formThis property is a special property in this wiki.PONS brain region  +
Idbirnlex_734  +
Is part ofDiencephalon  +, and Central autonomic network  +
LabelHypothalamus  +
ModifiedDate27 November 2014  +
NeuronamesLinkhttp://braininfo.rprc.washington.edu/Scripts/hiercentraldirectory.aspx?ID=275  +
SpeciesVertebrate  +
SuperCategoryRegional part of brain  +
SynonymHypencephalon  +
UmlscuiC0020663  +