arrow

From NeuroLex

Jump to: navigation, search



Amphetamine

Name: Amphetamine
Description: Amphetamine is a chiral compound. The racemic mixture can be divided into its optical antipodes: levo- and dextro-amphetamine. Amphetamine is the parent compound of its own structural class, comprising a broad range of psychoactive derivatives, e.g., MDMA (Ecstasy) and the N-methylated form, methamphetamine. Amphetamine is a homologue of phenethylamine. Pharmacology: Amphetamine and dextroamphetamine, non-catechloamine sypathomimetic agents, are used in combination to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or narcolepsy. Adderall consists of equivalent amounts of amphetamine aspartate, amphetamine sulfate, dextroamphetamine saccharate, and dextroamphetamine sulfate. Mechanism of action: Amphetamines stimulate the release of norepinephrine from central adrenergic receptors. At higher dosages, they cause release of dopamine from the mesocorticolimbic system and the nigrostriatal dopamine systems. Amphetamine may also act as a direct agonist on central 5-HT receptors and may inhibit monoamine oxidase (MAO). In the periphery, amphetamines are believed to cause the release of noradrenaline by acting on the adrenergic nerve terminals and alpha- and beta-receptors. Modulation of serotonergic pathways may contribute to the calming affect. Drug type: Approved. Illicit. Small Molecule. Drug category: Adrenergic Agents. Adrenergic Uptake Inhibitors. Amphetamines. Central Nervous System Stimulants. Dopamine Agents. Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors. Sympathomimetics
Synonym(s): (+/-)-Benzedrine, (+/-)-Desoxynorephedrine, (+/-)-beta-Phenylisopropylamine, 1-Methyl-2-phenylethylamine, 1-Phenyl-2-aminopropane, 3-Methoxy-a-methylbenzeneethanamine, 3-Methoxyamphetamine, 3-Methoxyphenylisopropylamine, Amfetamine, Amphetamine Sulfate, DL-alpha-Methylphenethylamine, Fenylo-izopropylaminyl, Methamphetamine HCL, Phenylisopropylamine, (1-(3-Methoxyphenyl)-2-propyl)amine, alpha-Methylbenzeneethaneamine, beta-Aminopropylbenzene, beta-phenyl-isopropylamine, dl-1-Phenyl-2-aminopropane, dl-Amphetamine, dl-Benzedrine, m-Methoxy-a-methylphenethylamine, m-Methoxyamphetamine, Actedron, Adipan, Allodene, Anorexide, Anorexine, Benzebar, Benzedrine, Benzolone, Desoxyn, Dexampex, Dexedrine, Dextrostat, Elastonon, Fenamin, Ferndex, Finam, Isoamycin, Isoamyne, Isomyn, Mecodrin, Methampex, Norephedrane, Novydrine, Oktedrin, Ortedrine, Paredrine, Percomon, Phenamine, Phenedrine, Profamina, Propisamine, Psychedrine, Raphetamine, Rhinalator, Simpatedrin, Simpatina, Sympamin, Sympamine, Sympatedrine, Weckamine
Has role: Drug, Drug of abuse role
Super-category: Molecular entity
URL: http://www.drugbank.ca/drugs/DB00182
*Id: CHEBI:2679
Related to: Alpha-2A adrenergic receptor, Alpha-1A adrenergic receptor, Sodium-dependent dopamine transporter, Cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript protein, Trace amine-associated receptor 1
Link to OWL / RDF: Download this content as OWL/RDF


Subcategories

This category has the following 5 subcategories, out of 5 total.

B

D

M



bookmark

*Note: Neurolex imports many terms and their ids from existing community ontologies, e.g., the Gene Ontology. Neurolex, however, is a dynamic site and any content beyond the identifier should not be presumed to reflect the content or views of the source ontology. Users should consult with the authoritative source for each ontology for current information.

Facts about AmphetamineRDF feed
Commenttaken from DrugBank
CurationStatusuncurated  +
CuratorAb  +
DefiningCitationhttp://www.drugbank.ca/drugs/DB00182  +
DefinitionAmphetamine is a chiral compound. The race Amphetamine is a chiral compound. The racemic mixture can be divided into its optical antipodes: levo- and dextro-amphetamine. Amphetamine is the parent compound of its own structural class, comprising a broad range of psychoactive derivatives, e.g., MDMA (Ecstasy) and the N-methylated form, methamphetamine. Amphetamine is a homologue of phenethylamine. Pharmacology: Amphetamine and dextroamphetamine, non-catechloamine sypathomimetic agents, are used in combination to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or narcolepsy. Adderall consists of equivalent amounts of amphetamine aspartate, amphetamine sulfate, dextroamphetamine saccharate, and dextroamphetamine sulfate. Mechanism of action: Amphetamines stimulate the release of norepinephrine from central adrenergic receptors. At higher dosages, they cause release of dopamine from the mesocorticolimbic system and the nigrostriatal dopamine systems. Amphetamine may also act as a direct agonist on central 5-HT receptors and may inhibit monoamine oxidase (MAO). In the periphery, amphetamines are believed to cause the release of noradrenaline by acting on the adrenergic nerve terminals and alpha- and beta-receptors. Modulation of serotonergic pathways may contribute to the calming affect. Drug type: Approved. Illicit. Small Molecule. Drug category: Adrenergic Agents. Adrenergic Uptake Inhibitors. Amphetamines. Central Nervous System Stimulants. Dopamine Agents. Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors. Sympathomimetics pamine Uptake Inhibitors. Sympathomimetics
Has roleDrug  +, and Drug of abuse role  +
IdCHEBI:2679  +
LabelAmphetamine  +
ModifiedDate12 August 2014  +
RelatedToAlpha-2A adrenergic receptor  +, Alpha-1A adrenergic receptor  +, Sodium-dependent dopamine transporter  +, Cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript protein  +, and Trace amine-associated receptor 1  +
SuperCategoryMolecular entity  +
Synonym(+/-)-Benzedrine  +, (+/-)-Desoxynorephedrine  +, (+/-)-beta-Phenylisopropylamine  +, 1-Methyl-2-phenylethylamine  +, 1-Phenyl-2-aminopropane  +, 3-Methoxy-a-methylbenzeneethanamine  +, 3-Methoxyamphetamine  +, 3-Methoxyphenylisopropylamine  +, Amfetamine  +, Amphetamine Sulfate  +, DL-alpha-Methylphenethylamine  +, Fenylo-izopropylaminyl  +, Methamphetamine HCL  +, Phenylisopropylamine  +, (1-(3-Methoxyphenyl)-2-propyl)amine  +, alpha-Methylbenzeneethaneamine  +, beta-Aminopropylbenzene  +, beta-phenyl-isopropylamine  +, dl-1-Phenyl-2-aminopropane  +, dl-Amphetamine  +, dl-Benzedrine  +, m-Methoxy-a-methylphenethylamine  +, m-Methoxyamphetamine  +, Actedron  +, Adipan  +, Allodene  +, Anorexide  +, Anorexine  +, Benzebar  +, Benzedrine  +, Benzolone  +, Desoxyn  +, Dexampex  +, Dexedrine  +, Dextrostat  +, Elastonon  +, Fenamin  +, Ferndex  +, Finam  +, Isoamycin  +, Isoamyne  +, Isomyn  +, Mecodrin  +, Methampex  +, Norephedrane  +, Novydrine  +, Oktedrin  +, Ortedrine  +, Paredrine  +, Percomon  +, Phenamine  +, Phenedrine  +, Profamina  +, Propisamine  +, Psychedrine  +, Raphetamine  +, Rhinalator  +, Simpatedrin  +, Simpatina  +, Sympamin  +, Sympamine  +, Sympatedrine  +, and Weckamine  +