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Basal ganglia

Name: Basal ganglia
Description: Subcortical masses of gray matter in the forebrain and midbrain that are richly interconnected and so viewed as a functional system. The nuclei usually included are the caudate nucleus (caudoputamen in rodents), putamen, globus pallidus, substantia nigra (pars compacta and pars reticulata) and the subthalamic nucleus. Some also include the nucleus accumbens and ventral pallidum.
Super-category: Aggregate regional part of brain
Id: birnlex_826
Link to OWL / RDF: Download this content as OWL/RDF

Neurons in Basal ganglia

Accumbens nucleus core nucleus neuron, Accumbens nucleus shell neuron, Globus pallidus intrinsic cell, Globus pallidus principal cell, Neostriatum Neurogliaform cell, Neostriatum SOM/NOS cell, Neostriatum cholinergic cell, Neostriatum direct pathway spiny neuron, Neostriatum gaba/parvalbumin interneuron, Neostriatum indirect pathway spiny neuron, Olfactory tubercle Islets of Calleja DA cell, Olfactory tubercle Islets of Calleja GABA cell, Substantia nigra pars compacta dopaminergic cell, Substantia nigra pars reticulata interneuron GABA, Substantia nigra pars reticulata principal cell, Subthalamic nucleus principal cell are neurons that can be found in Basal ganglia or its parts.

Axons in Basal ganglia

Amygdala basolateral nuclear complex pyramidal neuron, Neocortex primary motor area pyramidal layer 5 corticospinal cell, Neostriatum cholinergic cell, Neostriatum direct pathway spiny neuron, Neostriatum indirect pathway spiny neuron are neurons or parts of neurons whose axons can be found in Basal ganglia or its parts.

Parts of Basal ganglia

Inferred outgoing projections for Basal ganglia

The following brain regions receive axons from Basal ganglia: Globus pallidus internal segment, Medial dorsal nucleus, Nucleus accumbens, Parafascicular nucleus, Subthalamic nucleus, Ventral pallidum, Ventral tegmental area. The statements about these projections are not made on this page, but rather are made on the pages linked here.

Inferred incoming projections for Basal ganglia

The following brain regions send axons into Basal ganglia: Caudate nucleus, Neocortex, Nucleus accumbens, Parafascicular nucleus, Perirhinal cortex of primate of Burwell et al 1995, Putamen, Striatum, Substantia nigra, Subthalamic nucleus, Ventral pallidum, Ventral striatum, Ventral tegmental area. The statements about these projections are not made on this page, but rather are made on the pages linked here.


Notes

This page uses this default form:PONS_brain_region

Non structured information for this region can be found https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Basal_ganglia

Subcategories

This category has only the following subcategory.

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Facts about Basal gangliaRDF feed
CommentThis class should be a defined class through the part of relationship. When someone searches NIF for Basal ganglia, it should automatically expand to all of its parts.
Created10 October 2006  +
CurationStatuspending final vetting  +
CuratorMaryann Martone  +, and Bill Bug  +
DefinitionSubcortical masses of gray matter in the f Subcortical masses of gray matter in the forebrain and midbrain that are richly interconnected and so viewed as a functional system. The nuclei usually included are the caudate nucleus (caudoputamen in rodents), putamen, globus pallidus, substantia nigra (pars compacta and pars reticulata) and the subthalamic nucleus. Some also include the nucleus accumbens and ventral pallidum. he nucleus accumbens and ventral pallidum.
EditorialNoteNote that the term basal ganglia is also used to refer to subcortical nuclei of telencephalic origin. We have listed this definition under "Basal nuclear complex" and listed basal ganglia as a synonym.
Has default formThis property is a special property in this wiki.PONS brain region  +
Idbirnlex_826  +
LabelBasal ganglia  +
ModifiedDate20 December 2013  +
Page has default formThis property is a special property in this wiki.PONS brain region  +
SuperCategoryAggregate regional part of brain  +