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Cerebellum Purkinje cell

Name: Cerebellum Purkinje cell
Description: Principal neuron (projection neuron) of the cerebellar cortex; cell bodies arranged in a single layer; characterized by a pear-shaped cell body, 1 (rarely 2) primary dendrites and an elaborate dendritic tree heavily invested with dendritic spines.
Synonym(s): Purkinje neuron, Purkinje's corpuscles, Cerebellar Purkinje neuron, Purkinje Cell, Purkyne cell, Corpuscles of Purkinje, cerebellar purkinje cell
Has role: Principal neuron role
Super-category: Neuron
*Id: sao471801888
Defining criteria: Morphology; Connectivity; Biochemical
Organism: Mammal
Link to OWL / RDF: Download this content as OWL/RDF

Soma Specific Properties

Cell Soma Shape: Spherical
Cell Soma Size: Large soma
Soma Location: Purkinje cell layer of cerebellar cortex

Dendrite Specific Properties

Spine density on dendrites: spiny high density
Branching type: unipolar

Axon Specific Properties

Axon myelination: myelinated
Axon projection laterality: ipsilateral
Origin of axon: soma
Location of distant axon arborization: Deep cerebellar nuclear complex
Location of local axon arborization: Purkinje cell layer of cerebellar cortex

Intrinsic Properties

Neurotransmitter released: GABA
Neurotransmitter receptors: AMPA-type glutamate-gated cationic channel, GABA-gated anionic channel, ga
Defining Criteria: Morphology; Connectivity; Biochemical

Categories related to Cerebellum Purkinje cell

Cochlear nucleus (dorsal) cartwheel cell

Inferred outgoing projections for Cerebellum Purkinje cell

The following brain regions receive axons from Cerebellum Purkinje cell: Cerebellar Noradrenergic Afferents. The statements about these projections are not made on this page, but rather are made on the pages linked here.


  • xref: BAMSC977

Notes

This page uses this default form:Petilla_neuron



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*Note: Neurolex imports many terms and their ids from existing community ontologies, e.g., the Gene Ontology. Neurolex, however, is a dynamic site and any content beyond the identifier should not be presumed to reflect the content or views of the source ontology. Users should consult with the authoritative source for each ontology for current information.

Facts about Cerebellum Purkinje cellRDF feed
AxonLengthMouse: up to 2 mm. Rat: up to 3 mm.  +
AxonMyelinationmyelinated  +
AxonProjectionLateralityipsilateral  +
BranchingMetricsunipolar  +
CellSomaShapeCategory:Spherical   +
CellSomaSizeLarge soma  +
CellularSynapticTargetCerebellum Purkinje cell  +, and Distant: to principal neurons of the cerebellar nuclei  +
CurationStatusuncurated  +
DefiningCriteriaMorphology; Connectivity; Biochemical  +
DefinitionPrincipal neuron (projection neuron) of the cerebellar cortex; cell bodies arranged in a single layer; characterized by a pear-shaped cell body, 1 (rarely 2) primary dendrites and an elaborate dendritic tree heavily invested with dendritic spines.
DendriteThicknessMouse: thick trunk (2-5 um); thin branches (0.5-1 um). Rat: Thick trunk (3-6 um), thin branches (0.5-2 um).  +
EditorialNotehttp://senselab.med.yale.edu/neurondb/NeuronProp.aspx?id=271
ExampleImageCerebellum Purkinje cell.gif  +
FiringPatternsRegular firing and bursting  +
Has default formThis property is a special property in this wiki.Petilla neuron  +
Has rolePrincipal neuron role  +
Idsao471801888  +
LabelCerebellum Purkinje cell  +
Located inPurkinje cell layer of cerebellar cortex  +
LocationOfAxonArborizationDeep cerebellar nuclear complex  +
LocationOfLocalAxonArborizationPurkinje cell layer of cerebellar cortex  +
ModifiedDate30 July 2014  +
NeurotransmitterGABA  +
NeurotransmitterReceptorsAMPA-type glutamate-gated cationic channel  +, GABA-gated anionic channel  +, and Ga  +
NumberOfPrimaryDendrites1 (rarely 2)  +
OriginOfAxonsoma  +
Page has default formThis property is a special property in this wiki.Petilla neuron  +
SpeciesMammal  +
SpineDensityOnDendritesSpiny high density  +
SpontaneousFiringPatternsRegular firing and bursting  +
SpontaneousFiringRateRapid firing  +
SubcellularSynapticTargetLocal: cell bodies; distant: cell bodies and dendrites  +
SuperCategoryNeuron  +
SynonymPurkinje neuron  +, Purkinje's corpuscles  +, Cerebellar Purkinje neuron  +, Purkinje Cell  +, Purkyne cell  +, Corpuscles of Purkinje  +, and cerebellar purkinje cell  +
XrefBAMSC977  +