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Cerebellum Purkinje cell

Name: Cerebellum Purkinje cell
Description: Principal neuron (projection neuron) of the cerebellar cortex; cell bodies arranged in a single layer; characterized by a pear-shaped cell body, 1 (rarely 2) primary dendrites and an elaborate dendritic tree heavily invested with dendritic spines.
Synonym(s): Purkinje neuron, Purkinje's corpuscles, Cerebellar Purkinje neuron, Purkinje Cell, Purkyne cell, Corpuscles of Purkinje, cerebellar purkinje cell
Has role: Principal neuron role
Super-category: Neuron
Id: sao471801888
Defining criteria: Morphology; Connectivity; Biochemical
Organism: Mammal
Link to OWL / RDF: Download this content as OWL/RDF

Soma Specific Properties

Cell Soma Shape: Spherical
Cell Soma Size: Large soma
Soma Location: Purkinje cell layer of cerebellar cortex

Dendrite Specific Properties

Spine density on dendrites: spiny high density
Branching type: unipolar

Axon Specific Properties

Axon myelination: myelinated
Axon projection laterality: ipsilateral
Origin of axon: soma
Location of distant axon arborization: Deep cerebellar nuclear complex
Location of local axon arborization: Purkinje cell layer of cerebellar cortex

Intrinsic Properties

Neurotransmitter released: GABA
Neurotransmitter receptors: AMPA-type glutamate-gated cationic channel, GABA-gated anionic channel, ga
Defining Criteria: Morphology; Connectivity; Biochemical

Categories related to Cerebellum Purkinje cell

Cochlear nucleus (dorsal) cartwheel cell

Inferred outgoing projections for Cerebellum Purkinje cell

The following brain regions receive axons from Cerebellum Purkinje cell: Cerebellar Noradrenergic Afferents. The statements about these projections are not made on this page, but rather are made on the pages linked here.


  • xref: BAMSC977

Notes

This page uses this default form:Petilla_neuron



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Facts about Cerebellum Purkinje cellRDF feed
AxonLengthMouse: up to 2 mm. Rat: up to 3 mm.  +
AxonMyelinationmyelinated  +
AxonProjectionLateralityipsilateral  +
BranchingMetricsunipolar  +
CellSomaShapeCategory:Spherical   +
CellSomaSizeLarge soma  +
CellularSynapticTargetCerebellum Purkinje cell  +, and Distant: to principal neurons of the cerebellar nuclei  +
CurationStatusuncurated  +
DefiningCriteriaMorphology; Connectivity; Biochemical  +
DefinitionPrincipal neuron (projection neuron) of the cerebellar cortex; cell bodies arranged in a single layer; characterized by a pear-shaped cell body, 1 (rarely 2) primary dendrites and an elaborate dendritic tree heavily invested with dendritic spines.
DendriteThicknessMouse: thick trunk (2-5 um); thin branches (0.5-1 um). Rat: Thick trunk (3-6 um), thin branches (0.5-2 um).  +
EditorialNotehttp://senselab.med.yale.edu/neurondb/NeuronProp.aspx?id=271
ExampleImageCerebellum Purkinje cell.gif  +
FiringPatternsRegular firing and bursting  +
Has default formThis property is a special property in this wiki.Petilla neuron  +
Has rolePrincipal neuron role  +
Idsao471801888  +
LabelCerebellum Purkinje cell  +
Located inPurkinje cell layer of cerebellar cortex  +
LocationOfAxonArborizationDeep cerebellar nuclear complex  +
LocationOfLocalAxonArborizationPurkinje cell layer of cerebellar cortex  +
ModifiedDate8 August 2013  +
NeurotransmitterGABA  +
NeurotransmitterReceptorsAMPA-type glutamate-gated cationic channel  +, GABA-gated anionic channel  +, and Ga  +
NumberOfPrimaryDendrites1 (rarely 2)  +
OriginOfAxonsoma  +
Page has default formThis property is a special property in this wiki.Petilla neuron  +
SpeciesMammal  +
SpineDensityOnDendritesSpiny high density  +
SpontaneousFiringPatternsRegular firing and bursting  +
SpontaneousFiringRateRapid firing  +
SubcellularSynapticTargetLocal: cell bodies; distant: cell bodies and dendrites  +
SuperCategoryNeuron  +
SynonymPurkinje neuron  +, Purkinje's corpuscles  +, Cerebellar Purkinje neuron  +, Purkinje Cell  +, Purkyne cell  +, Corpuscles of Purkinje  +, and cerebellar purkinje cell  +