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Cerebellum granule cell

Name: Cerebellum granule cell
Description: Small, numerous neuron in the granule cell layer of the vertebrate cerebellar cortex, characterized by a very small soma and several short dendrites which terminate with claw-shaped endings. In the transmission electron microscope, these cells are characterized by a darkly stained nucleus surrounded by a thin rim of cytoplasm. The axon ascends into the molecular layer where it bifurcates to form parallel fibers which run parallel to the long axis of the folium. Llinas, Walton and Lang. Cerebellum. In The Synaptic Organization of the Brain. 5th ed. 2004.
Synonym(s): Cerebellar granule neuron, Cerebellar granule cell
Super-category: Neuron
*Id: nifext_128
Defining criteria: Small soma with short claw-like dendrites
Organism: Vertebrata
Link to OWL / RDF: Download this content as OWL/RDF

Soma Specific Properties

Soma Location: Granular layer of cerebellar cortex

Dendrite Specific Properties

Axon Specific Properties

Origin of axon: soma
Location of distant axon arborization: Molecular layer of cerebellar cortex

Intrinsic Properties

Neurotransmitter released: Glutamate
Neurotransmitter receptors: Glutamate-gated cationic channel
Defining Criteria: Small soma with short claw-like dendrites

Parts of Cerebellum granule cell

Inferred outgoing projections for Cerebellum granule cell

The following brain regions receive axons from Cerebellum granule cell: Cerebellar Noradrenergic Afferents. The statements about these projections are not made on this page, but rather are made on the pages linked here.


Notes

This page uses this default form:Petilla_neuron



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*Note: Neurolex imports many terms and their ids from existing community ontologies, e.g., the Gene Ontology. Neurolex, however, is a dynamic site and any content beyond the identifier should not be presumed to reflect the content or views of the source ontology. Users should consult with the authoritative source for each ontology for current information.

Facts about Cerebellum granule cellRDF feed
AxonLengthMouse: up to 4 mm. Rat: up to 5 mm.  +
CellularSynapticTargetCerebellum Purkinje cell  +, Cerebellum stellate cell  +, and Cerebellum basket cell  +
CommentThis is a duplicate with ID: sao1736323572
Created5 September 2007  +
CurationStatusuncurated  +
DefiningCriteriaSmall soma with short claw-like dendrites  +
DefinitionSmall, numerous neuron in the granule cell Small, numerous neuron in the granule cell layer of the vertebrate cerebellar cortex, characterized by a very small soma and several short dendrites which terminate with claw-shaped endings. In the transmission electron microscope, these cells are characterized by a darkly stained nucleus surrounded by a thin rim of cytoplasm. The axon ascends into the molecular layer where it bifurcates to form parallel fibers which run parallel to the long axis of the folium. Llinas, Walton and Lang. Cerebellum. In The Synaptic Organization of the Brain. 5th ed. 2004. c Organization of the Brain. 5th ed. 2004.
DendriteThicknessMouse: 1-2 um. Rat: 1-2 um.  +
EditorialNotehttp://senselab.med.yale.edu/neurondb/NeuronProp.aspx?id=7346
ExampleImageCerebellar granule cell.gif  +
Has default formThis property is a special property in this wiki.Petilla neuron  +
Idnifext_128  +
LabelCerebellum granule cell  +
Located inGranular layer of cerebellar cortex  +
LocationOfAxonArborizationMolecular layer of cerebellar cortex  +
ModifiedDate10 October 2012  +
NeurotransmitterGlutamate  +
NeurotransmitterReceptorsGlutamate-gated cationic channel  +
NumberOfPrimaryDendrites3-5  +
OriginOfAxonsoma  +
Page has default formThis property is a special property in this wiki.Petilla neuron  +
SpeciesVertebrata  +
SubcellularSynapticTargetDendritic spine  +
SuperCategoryNeuron  +
SynonymCerebellar granule neuron  +, and Cerebellar granule cell  +