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Cochlear nucleus (ventral) multipolar D cell

Name: Cochlear nucleus (ventral) multipolar D cell
Description: One of two types of multipolar or stellate cells, D stellate cells are glycinergic inhibitory neurons named for having an axon that projects dorsalward into the dorsal cochlear nucleus and that exits through the intermediate acoustic stria to innervate the contralateral cochlear nucleus. Axons have widespread collaterals in the ventral cochlear nucleus and in the deep layer of the dorsal cochlear nucleus.[1]
Synonym(s): D multipolar cell, type II (Cant, 1981), onset-chopper responses to tones, radial stellate, wide-band inhibitor[2]
Abbreviation: Oc[3]
Has role: Intrinsic neuron role[4]
Super-category: Neuron
*Id: nifext_69
Publication link: 7322355, 2341631
Related to: Inhibit T stellate cells[5]
Organism: Vertebrata
Link to OWL / RDF: Download this content as OWL/RDF

Soma Specific Properties

Cell Soma Shape: Multipolar[6]
Cell Soma Size: Large soma[7]
Soma Location: Ventral cochlear nucleus[8]

Dendrite Specific Properties

Spine density on dendrites: Smooth[9]

Axon Specific Properties

Axon myelination: myelinated
Axon projection laterality: bilateral[10]
Origin of axon: soma[11]
Location of distant axon arborization: Contralateral ventral cochlear nucleus, Contralateral dorsal cochlear nucleus[12]
Location of local axon arborization: Ipsilateral ventral cochlear nucleus, Ipsilateral dorsal cochlear nucleus[13]

Intrinsic Properties

Neurotransmitter released: Glycine[14]
Neurotransmitter receptors: AMPA-type glutamate-gated cationic channel, GABA A-gated anionic channel, Absent nicotinic and cholinergic[15]
Molecular constituents: glycine[16]


References

  1. Oertel D et al. (1990) Morphology and physiology of cells in slice preparations of the posteroventral cochlear nucleus of mice. J Comp Neurol 295: 136-54 PubMed
  2. Cant NB et al. (1997) Projections from the ventral cochlear nucleus to the dorsal cochlear nucleus in rats. J Comp Neurol 385: 245-64 PubMed
  3. Smith PH et al. (2005) Acoustic stria: anatomy of physiologically characterized cells and their axonal projection patterns. J Comp Neurol 482: 349-71 PubMed
  4. Nelken I et al. (2003) Fast inhibition underlies the transmission of auditory information between cochlear nuclei. J Neurosci 23: 6357-61 PubMed
  5. Ferragamo MJ et al. (1998) Synaptic inputs to stellate cells in the ventral cochlear nucleus. J Neurophysiol 79: 51-63 PubMed
  6. Cant NB et al. (2005) Acoustic stria: anatomy of physiologically characterized cells and their axonal projection patterns. J Comp Neurol 482: 349-71 PubMed
  7. Cant NB et al. (2005) Acoustic stria: anatomy of physiologically characterized cells and their axonal projection patterns. J Comp Neurol 482: 349-71 PubMed
  8. Wickesberg RE et al. (1994) In vitro modulation of somatic glycine-like immunoreactivity in presumed glycinergic neurons. J Comp Neurol 339: 311-27 PubMed
  9. Smith PH et al. (1997) Projections from the ventral cochlear nucleus to the dorsal cochlear nucleus in rats. J Comp Neurol 385: 245-64 PubMed
  10. Cant NB et al. (2005) Acoustic stria: anatomy of physiologically characterized cells and their axonal projection patterns. J Comp Neurol 482: 349-71 PubMed
  11. Smith PH et al. (2005) Acoustic stria: anatomy of physiologically characterized cells and their axonal projection patterns. J Comp Neurol 482: 349-71 PubMed
  12. PMID:PMID: 6185548 (Cant, Gaston, 1982); PMID: 15669051 (Smith et al., 2005)
  13. PMID:PMID: 2723154 (Smith, Rhode, 1989); PMID: 2341631 (Oertel et al., 1990); PMID: 9268126 (Doucet , Ryugo, 1997)
  14. Wenthold RJ et al. (1998) Synaptic inputs to stellate cells in the ventral cochlear nucleus. J Neurophysiol 79: 51-63 PubMed
  15. Ferragamo MJ et al. (2001) Cholinergic modulation of stellate cells in the mammalian ventral cochlear nucleus. J Neurosci 21: 7372-83 PubMed
  16. Wenthold RJ et al. (1994) In vitro modulation of somatic glycine-like immunoreactivity in presumed glycinergic neurons. J Comp Neurol 339: 311-27 PubMed

Notes

This page uses this default form:Petilla_neuron



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*Note: Neurolex imports many terms and their ids from existing community ontologies, e.g., the Gene Ontology. Neurolex, however, is a dynamic site and any content beyond the identifier should not be presumed to reflect the content or views of the source ontology. Users should consult with the authoritative source for each ontology for current information.

Facts about Cochlear nucleus (ventral) multipolar D cellRDF feed
AbbrevOc  +
AxonMyelinationmyelinated  +
AxonProjectionLateralitybilateral  +
CellSomaShapeCategory:Multipolar   +
CellSomaSizeLarge soma  +
Created5 September 2007  +
CurationStatusuncurated  +
DefinitionOne of two types of multipolar or stellate One of two types of multipolar or stellate cells, D stellate cells are glycinergic inhibitory neurons named for having an axon that projects dorsalward into the dorsal cochlear nucleus and that exits through the intermediate acoustic stria to innervate the contralateral cochlear nucleus. Axons have widespread collaterals in the ventral cochlear nucleus and in the deep layer of the dorsal cochlear nucleus. deep layer of the dorsal cochlear nucleus.
Has default formThis property is a special property in this wiki.Petilla neuron  +
Has roleIntrinsic neuron role  +
Idnifext_69  +
LabelCochlear nucleus (ventral) multipolar D cell  +
Located inVentral cochlear nucleus  +
LocationOfAxonArborizationContralateral ventral cochlear nucleus  +, and Contralateral dorsal cochlear nucleus  +
LocationOfLocalAxonArborizationIpsilateral ventral cochlear nucleus  +, and Ipsilateral dorsal cochlear nucleus  +
ModifiedDate3 August 2013  +
MolecularConstituentsGlycine  +
NeurotransmitterGlycine  +
NeurotransmitterReceptorsAMPA-type glutamate-gated cationic channel  +, GABA A-gated anionic channel  +, and Absent nicotinic and cholinergic  +
OriginOfAxonsoma  +
Page has default formThis property is a special property in this wiki.Petilla neuron  +
PublicationLink7322355  +, and 2341631  +
RelatedToInhibit T stellate cells  +
SpeciesVertebrata  +
SpineDensityOnDendritesSmooth  +
SuperCategoryNeuron  +
SynonymD multipolar cell  +, type II (Cant  +, 1981)  +, onset-chopper responses to tones  +, radial stellate  +, and wide-band inhibitor  +