Neurolex is being transitioned to a new system and is currently not accepting new additions. If you have additions or questions please contact us at [email protected], or submit an issue to the github issue tracker at


From NeuroLex

Jump to: navigation, search

Dentate gyrus mossy cell

Name: Dentate gyrus mossy cell
Description: Excitatory polymorphic intrinsic neuron of the dentate gyrus hilus[1]
Synonym(s): Mossy cell, Mossy neuron, Dentate gyrus mossy neuron
Has role: Intrinsic neuron role
Super-category: Neuron
URL: atton & McNaughton Hippocampus 1995
*Id: nlx_22799
PMID: PMID 8589792
Organism: Mammal
Link to OWL / RDF: Download this content as OWL/RDF

Soma Specific Properties

Cell Soma Shape: Multipolar
Cell Soma Size: Medium soma
Soma Location: Dentate gyrus hilus

Dendrite Specific Properties

Dendrite location: Dentate gyrus hilus
Spine density on dendrites: spiny high density
Branching type: multipolar

Axon Specific Properties

Axon projection laterality: bilateral
Origin of axon: soma
Location of distant axon arborization: Inner molecular layer of dentate gyrus
Location of local axon arborization: Dentate gyrus hilus

Intrinsic Properties

Neurotransmitter released: Glutamate


  1. Patton PE & McNaughton B (1995) Connection matrix of the hippocampal formation: I. The dentate gyrus. Hippocampus 5: 245-86 PubMed
  • Soma Size: Diameter: 20-25 µm
  • Soma Ultrastructure: thorny excrescences
  • Dendrite Orientation: Horizontal

  • Distal Ultrastructure: Small spines


This page uses this default form:Petilla_neuron


*Note: Neurolex imports many terms and their ids from existing community ontologies, e.g., the Gene Ontology. Neurolex, however, is a dynamic site and any content beyond the identifier should not be presumed to reflect the content or views of the source ontology. Users should consult with the authoritative source for each ontology for current information.

Facts about Dentate gyrus mossy cellRDF feed
AxonProjectionLateralitybilateral  +
BranchingMetricsmultipolar  +
CellSomaShapeCategory:Multipolar   +
CellSomaSizeMedium soma  +
CommentThe characteristics provided for this cell The characteristics provided for this cell class are based on the most abundant data in the field, which are from young adult rats. There could be species-specific, age-specific, and even gender-specific differences. For example, monkey and rat differ in cytoarchitectonic structure and quantitative cell morphology structure and quantitative cell morphology
CurationStatusuncurated  +
DefiningCitationatton & McNaughton Hippocampus 1995  +
DefinitionExcitatory polymorphic intrinsic neuron of the dentate gyrus hilus
DendriteLocationDentate gyrus hilus  +
Has default formThis property is a special property in this wiki.Petilla neuron  +
Has roleIntrinsic neuron role  +
Idnlx_22799  +
LabelDentate gyrus mossy cell  +
Located inDentate gyrus hilus  +
LocationOfAxonArborizationInner molecular layer of dentate gyrus  +
LocationOfLocalAxonArborizationDentate gyrus hilus  +
ModifiedDate26 July 2013  +
NeurotransmitterGlutamate  +
OriginOfAxonsoma  +
PMID8589792  +
Page has default formThis property is a special property in this wiki.Petilla neuron  +
Proximal UltrastructureThorny excrescences  +
SpeciesMammal  +
SpineDensityOnDendritesSpiny high density  +
SuperCategoryNeuron  +
SynonymMossy cell  +, Mossy neuron  +, and Dentate gyrus mossy neuron  +