arrow

From NeuroLex

Jump to: navigation, search



Epilepsy

Name: Epilepsy
Description: A disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of paroxysmal brain dysfunction due to a sudden, disorderly, and excessive neuronal discharge. Epilepsy classification systems are generally based upon: (1) clinical features of the seizure episodes (e.g., motor seizure), (2) etiology (e.g., post-traumatic), (3) anatomic site of seizure origin (e.g., frontal lobe seizure), (4) tendency to spread to other structures in the brain, and (5) temporal patterns (e.g., nocturnal epilepsy) (MeSH).
Synonym(s): Epileptic Seizure, Seizure Disorder
Has role: Electrophysiology concept
Super-category: Nervous system disease
Id: birnlex_12718
Link to OWL / RDF: Download this content as OWL/RDF

Categories related to Epilepsy

GABA receptor


  • Definition Source: MeSH

Contributors

Admin, Bandrow, Nifbot2



bookmark
Facts about EpilepsyRDF feed
Created8 October 2007  +
CurationStatusuncurated  +
DefinitionA disorder characterized by recurrent epis A disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of paroxysmal brain dysfunction due to a sudden, disorderly, and excessive neuronal discharge. Epilepsy classification systems are generally based upon: (1) clinical features of the seizure episodes (e.g., motor seizure), (2) etiology (e.g., post-traumatic), (3) anatomic site of seizure origin (e.g., frontal lobe seizure), (4) tendency to spread to other structures in the brain, and (5) temporal patterns (e.g., nocturnal epilepsy) (MeSH). atterns (e.g., nocturnal epilepsy) (MeSH).
DefinitionSourceMeSH  +
EditorialNoteNote BIRNLex seeks to evolve a core subsum Note BIRNLex seeks to evolve a core subsumptive disease hierarchy based first on the effected function, then the effected structure, the latter for those categories of nervous system disease that have typically been associated with structural abnormalities or trauma (e.g., Motor neuron diseases, cerebrovascular trauma, etc.). Disease causation is in fact the ultimate goal of much biomedical research, and our recognitition of ALL the driving causes of a particular disease - and the ways in which these causes inter-relate with each other and with effected structures to cause a change in normal function is a critical representational task BIRNlex will increasingly take on to provide an evolving, nuanced functional reconstruction of disease as a process and an outcome. These relations will be represented using OWL ObjectProperties. Function is the most sensible context to drive the asserted subsumptive hierarchy for representing nervous system disease, since it is with the clinical description of altered, impaired, decreased, or lost function that the diagnosis - and the research - of disease is rooted. Much has already been described regarding both the effected biomaterial entities and the causes of disease. However, it is because understanding of such relations still is far from comprehensive, that biomedical investigation into nervous system disease continues. Finally, given the "realist" ontology design approach being used to construct BIRNLex, function must be represented as inhering in some biomaterial entity from molecules and their controlling elements on up through gross anatomical structures. Over time, BIRNLex will provide the required relations to depict these functionally-related structures for both the normal and pathological function of the nervous system. This will be true both for the causes and for the outcomes of nervous system disease. Initial work to extend this expressive representation will focus on the neurodegenerative diseases being studied by BIRN researchers. Though this will be te case, BIRNLex still needs to provide a core asserted hierarchy for a broad swarth of nervous system disease, so as to enable BIRN researchers to link to the breadth of disorders that may impact or relate to those directly under study. t or relate to those directly under study.
Has roleElectrophysiology concept  +
Idbirnlex_12718  +
LabelEpilepsy  +
ModifiedDate21 October 2013  +
SuperCategoryNervous system disease  +
SynonymEpileptic Seizure  +, and Seizure Disorder  +