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Glutamatergic neuron

Name: Glutamatergic neuron
Description: A neuron that uses glutamate as a neurotransmitter[1]
Super-category: Defined neuron class
URL: Storm-Mathisen J, Leknes AK, Bore AT, Vaaland JL, Edminson P, Haug FM, Ottersen OP. First visualization of glutamate and GABA in neurones by immunocytochemistry. Nature. 1983 Feb 10;301(5900):517-20. PubMed PMID: 6130475.
PMID: PMID 6130475
Publication link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6130475
Id: nlx_neuron_nt_090804
Link to OWL / RDF: Download this content as OWL/RDF


References

  1. Storm-Mathisen J et al. (1983) First visualization of glutamate and GABA in neurones by immunocytochemistry. Nature 301: 517-20 PubMed

A list of all neurons that have been indicated as using the neurotransmitter "Glutamate".

  • This table is generated programmatically from the property "neurotransmitter" assigned to members of the Neuron class. To add to this list, go to the category page for the type of neuron you are interested in adding and add "Glutamate" to the "Has Neurotransmitter" field in the Petilla form.

This table is also available in CSV

Overview


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Detail

Neurotransmitter Synonym Definition Located in
Amygdala basolateral nuclear complex pyramidal neuron Glutamate Pyramidal cell basolateral amygdalar nucleus
Amygdala basolateral nucleus pyramidal neuron
These neurons make up ~80-85% of neurons in the basolateral nuclear complex of the amygdala. Unlike cortical pyramidal cells, they are not arranged with parellel apical dendrites but are randomly organized. Basolateral nuclear complex
Antennal lobe (Honey bee) interneuron GABA
Histamine
Glutamate
Antennal lobe local interneuron Interglomerular local interneurons in the antennal lobe of the honey bee, Apis mellifera. Homoglomerular and heteroglomerular innervation patterns. Total of 4000 neurons, about two third GABA immunoreactive. Other transmitters possibly histamine and glutamate. Antennal lobe
Cerebellum granule cell Glutamate Cerebellar granule neuron
Cerebellar granule cell
Small, numerous neuron in the granule cell layer of the vertebrate cerebellar cortex, characterized by a very small soma and several short dendrites which terminate with claw-shaped endings. In the transmission electron microscope, these cells are characterized by a darkly stained nucleus surrounded by a thin rim of cytoplasm. The axon ascends into the molecular layer where it bifurcates to form parallel fibers which run parallel to the long axis of the folium. Llinas, Walton and Lang. Cerebellum. In The Synaptic Organization of the Brain. 5th ed. 2004. Granular layer of cerebellar cortex
Cerebellum unipolar brush cell Glutamate Unipolar brush neuron
Unipolar brush cell
A type of cell in the cerebellar cortex, first described in 1977 by Altman and Bayer, characterized by a single dendrite ending in a small brush consisting of a number of small dendrites called dendrioles. Unipolar brush cells are found in primarily in the granular cell layer and most concentrated in lobule IX, the flocculus, the nodulus and the ventromedial zone of the paraflocculus. Their somata are larger than granule cells but smaller than Golgi cells. They are known to stain for calretinin. Granular layer of cerebellar cortex
Cochlea inner hair cell Glutamate Cochlear Inner Hair Cell
Inner Hair Cell
Cochlea hair cell inner
A pear-shaped epithelial cell that is medially placed re: the inner pillar and forms a single row within the organ of Corti. Resting potential is modulated by perturbations in stereocilia located at the apical pole of the cell. In contrast to outer hair cells, the inner hair cells are fewer in number, have fewer stereocilia, and are less differentiated. They do, however, receive ~95% of the auditory-nerve dendrites. Although a single auditory nerve fiber innervates several outer hair cells, each inner hair cell receives several more heavily myelinated, auditory-nerve dendrites. Neurotransmitter release activates the auditory nerve, which leads to the cochlear nucleus within the central auditory pathway.(MSH) Spiral organ of Corti
Cochlea outer hair cell Glutamate
Aspartate
Cochlear Outer Hair Cell
Outer Hair Cell
In mammals, the outer hair cells are arranged in three rows that are further removed from the modiolus than the single row of inner hair cells. Although receiving only ~5% of the innervating auditory nerve dendrites, the motile properties of the outer hair cells actively contribute to the sensitivity and frequency selectivity of the cochlea. The process of somatic electromotility, due to the presence of the motor protein, prestin, is essential for normal cochlear function. Outer hair cell function is also directly influenced by efferent input from the medial superior olivary complex. (MSH) Cochlea
Spiral organ of Corti
Cochlear nucleus (dorsal) unipolar brush cell Glutamate DCN glutamatergic cell
Dorsal cochlear nucleus glutamatergic cell
Unipolar brush cells are characterized by having one dendrite that terminates in a paintbrush-like structure of dendrioles that receives input from a single mossy fiber terminal. The axon usually emanates from the opposite pole, branches 1-3 times and ends in mossy terminals. They were defined by E. Mugnaini and his colleagues in the 1990s. Dorsal cochlear nucleus
Cochlear nucleus (ventral) globular bushy cell Glutamate The distinction between globular and spherical bushy cells was originally reported by Osen on the basis of a difference in the shape of the cell bodies. Globular bushy cells lie in and around the root of the auditory nerve. Their axons project to the contralateral medial nucleus of the trapezoid body (MNTB), innervating principal cells with a calyx of Held. Ventral cochlear nucleus
Cochlear nucleus (ventral) multipolar T cell Glutamate T multipolar cell
T stellate cell
type I
chopper
planar multipolar
Principal cells of the ventral cochlear nucleus are named for having the axon exit the cochlear nucleus through the Trapezoid body. A band of dendrites in an isofrequency lamina receives input from a small number of auditory nerve fibers. Sharp tuning is enhanced by sideband inhibition. The population of T stellate cells encodes the spectra of sounds. Ventral cochlear nucleus
Cochlear nucleus (ventral) octopus cell Glutamate Ventral cochlear nucleus octopus cell
octopus cell
Large neuron located in the octopus cell area of the posterior division of the ventral cochlear nucleus (called dorsal tail of the ventral cochlear nucleus by Cajal and nucleus interfascicularis by Lorente de No), whose dendrites emanate from one side of the cell body, giving them a shape reminiscent of an octopus. Cochlear nuclear complex
Ventral cochlear nucleus
Octopus cell area
Dorsal tail of ventral cochlear nucleus
Nucleus interfascicularis
Cochlear nucleus (ventral) spherical bushy cell Glutamate Bushy neuron
Bushy cell
ventral cochlear nucleus bushy cell
Bushy cells in the anteroventral cochlear nucleus have one to four primary dendrites which branch profusely, giving them a "bushy" appearance. They project to the superior olivary nuclei. They carry information that is used to localize sounds in the azimuthal plane. Three types of bushy cells differ in the shapes of their somata and in their patterns of projection. The cell somata of these neurons have been described as "spherical" in the anterior division of the AVCN and "globular" in the posterior division of the AVCN. Large spherical bushy cells project to the medial superior olivary nuclei bilaterally, globular bushy cells project to the contralateral medial nucleus of the trapezoid body. Small spherical bushy cells project to the vicinity of the ipsilateral lateral superior olivary nucleus but it is not yet clear which cells are their targets. Their inputs from the spiral (cochlear) ganglion arise via the end bulbs of Held. Ventral cochlear nucleus
Colliculus inferior principal cell Glutamate Inferior colliculus principal neuron Around 80% of neurons in the inferior colliculus (IC) is glutamatergic (Ito and Oliver, 2012). They express vesicular glutamate transporter (VGLUT) 2 but not VGLUT1 or VGLUT3 (Ito and Oliver, 2010, 2011). Their main target is the medial geniculate body although they send axons to most auditory brainstem nuclei. Since majority of IC neurons are disc-shaped, which extend their dendrite parallel to isofrequency laminae (Oliver, 1984), majority of glutamatergic neurons are likely to be disc-shaped. Stellate neurons, which are less common and extend dendrite perpendicular to isofrequency laminae, also project to the medial geniculate body (Oliver, 1984). Inferior colliculus
Dentate gyrus granule cell Glutamate Dentate gyrus granule neuron
Granule cell of dentate gyrus
Dentate granule cell
DG granule cell
The dentate gyrus granule cell is the only principal cell of the dentate gyrus. Dentate gyrus
Dentate gyrus mossy cell Glutamate Mossy cell
Mossy neuron
Dentate gyrus mossy neuron
Excitatory polymorphic intrinsic neuron of the dentate gyrus hilus Dentate gyrus hilus
Dorsal root ganglion A alpha-beta non-nociceptive neuron Glutamate Dorsal root ganglion neuron
Dorsal root ganglion cell
Large cell located in the dorsal root ganglion with a single process that extends into the periphery and into the spinal cord. These neurons convey sensory information from the body. Dorsal root ganglion
Gracilis nucleus principal cell Glutamate Gracile nucleus
Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal cell Glutamate Hippocampal CA1 Pyramidal Neuron
CA1 pyramidal neuron
Hippocampal CA1 pyramidal cell
Pyramidal neuron with a soma located in hippocampal area CA1. It receives input from Schaffer collaterals of CA3 pyramidal neurons, and sends its axon to the subiculum and entorhinal cortex. CA1 stratum pyramidale
Hippocampus CA2 pyramidal neuron Glutamate CA2 pyramidal cell CA2 pyramidal cells are the primary excitatory cells of CA2 region of the hippocampus. These cells have shorter dendrites when compared to CA1 pyramidal cells. The axons arbors into stratum radiatum, as well as into stratum oriens of CA1, CA2 and CA3 regions. The CA2 pyramids are innervated by schaffer collaterals in stratum oriens and stratum radiatum and by input from entorhinal cortex in stratum lacunosum moleculare. CA2
Hippocampus CA3 pyramidal cell Glutamate Hippocampal CA3 Pyramidal Neuron
CA3 pyramidal neuron
CA3 pyramidal cell
This is the major output neuron in area CA3 of the hippocampus. It receives input from mossy fibers of the dentate gyrus. Its axon projects to the contralateral hippocampus and subcortically to the septal nucleus, and sends axon collaterals called Shaffer collaterals to the nearby CA1 region. CA3 stratum pyramidale
Neocortex primary motor area pyramidal layer 2-3 cell Glutamate Superficial cortical pyramidal cell This basic neuron type in the neocortex has a pyramidal-shaped cell body with apical and basal dendrites, with an axon that projects to other cortical areas as well giving rise to local collaterals. Neocortex layer 2
Neocortex layer 3
Neocortex primary motor area pyramidal layer 5 callosal cell Glutamate This is a basic type of neocortical cell with a pyramidal shaped cell body and apical and basal spiny dendrites. Its axon gives off local collaterals and projects through the corpus callosum to the contralateral neocortex. It belongs to the group termed intra-telencepalic pyramidal cells. Neocortex layer 5
Neocortex primary motor area pyramidal layer 5 corticopontine-tectal cell Glutamate This is a basic type of necortical cell with a pyramidal-shaped cell body and apical and basal spiny dendrites. Its axon projects subcortically to the midbrain tectum, and gives off local collaterals with the necortex. It belongs to the group termed infra-telencenphalic pyramidal cells. Neocortex layer 5
Neocortex primary motor area pyramidal layer 5 corticospinal cell Glutamate Upper motor neuron
corticospinal neuron
Betz cell
This is a basic type of neocortical cell with a pyramidal-shaped cell body and apical and basal spiny dendrites. It has an axon that projects subcortically to the spinal cord, giving off collaterals to the thalamus, and local collaterals within the cortex. It belongs to the group termed infra-telencephalic pyramidal cells. Neocortex layer 5B
Neocortex primary motor area pyramidal layer 5 corticostriate cell Glutamate Cortico-striate cell This is a basic type of neocortical cell with a pyramidal-shaped cell body and basal and apical spiny dendrites. Its axon projects to the neostriatum, and gives off local collaterals with the neocortex. It belongs to the group termed intra-telenchephalic. Neocortex layer 5
Neocortex primary motor area stellate layer 4 cell Glutamate This basic type of neuron in the neocortex is characterized by a spherical cell body giving rise to multiple spiny dendrites radiating in many directions. . Mostly neocortical layer 4
Neocortex primary visual area pyramidal layer 2-3 cell Glutamate Visual cortex primary layer 2
Visual cortex primary layer 3
Neocortex pyramidal cell Glutamate Neocortical pyramidal cell
Neocortical pyramidal neuron
Cortical pyramidal neuron
neocortex pyramidal neuron
Pyramidal neuron of the cerebral cortex (not including hippocampus or olfactory cortex). The pyramidal cell of the neocortex is located in layers 2-3 and 5-6, has a pyramidal-shaped cell body which gives off a number of laterally-directed basal dendrites and usually a single apical dendrite which ascends to branch and terminate in layer 1; these dendrites are covered in dendritic spines. Neocortex
Neocortex pyramidal cell layer 5-6 Glutamate deep pyramidal cell
Neocortex pyramidal neuron layer 5-6
Layer 5-6 pyramidal cell
layer 5 pyramidal neuron
layer 5 pyramidal cell
Tufted layer 5 (TL5) pyramidal neurons
The pyramidal cell of layer 5 of the neocortex has a pyramidal-shaped cell body which gives off a number of laterally-directed basal dendrites and usually a single apical dendrite which ascends to branch and terminate in layer 1; these dendrites are covered in dendritic spines. The axon descends through the internal capsule, giving off collaterals to the thalamus, to the medullary pyramids, where most of the axons cross controlaterally to descend and innervate the ventral horn of the spinal cord. Neocortex layer 5
Neocortex layer 6
Neocortex pyramidal layer 2-3 cell Glutamate corticocortical cell
superficial pyramidal cell
Neocortex pyramidal neuron layer 2-3
Layer 2-3 pyramidal cell
Neocortical pyramidal neuron: superficial
deep layer (layer 5
6) pyramidal cell
This basic excitatory neuron type has a pyramidal-shaped cell body, with apical and basal dendrites. Typically, there is an axon that projects to other cortical and/or subcortical areas, as well as giving rise to local collaterals. Neocortex
Neocortex layer 2
Neocortex layer 3
Neocortex layer 5
Neocortex layer 6
Neocortex layer 4
Nucleus laminaris principal neuron Glutamate Analogous to the Medial Superior Olive (MSO) in mammals The nucleus laminaris (NL) in birds is the third-order auditory neurons located in the brainstem, analogous to the medial superior olive (MSO) in mammals. Neurons in NL and MSO are structurally and biophysically specialized to compute interaural time differences (ITDs), time disparities in the arrival of signals between the two ears, using low-frequency sounds. ITDs are the primary binaural cues for sound localization and segregation in humans and other low-frequency hearing vertebrates. While commonly used laboratory mammals such as mice and rats are high-frequency listeners and have a poorly developed MSO circuit, the structurally and functionally similar circuit in the chicken brainstem provides a particularly useful vertebrate model for basic research of ITD computation, due to its simple anatomy, well-characterized development and cell biology, and importantly, as a genetic tractable system. Nucleus laminaris
Olfactory bulb (accessory) mitral cell Glutamate Mitral cell of the accessory olfactory bulb
accessory olfactory bulb mitral cell
A principal neuron of the mammalian accessory olfactory bulb. Resembles the mitral cell of the main olfactory bulb, though somewhat smaller and less clearly differentiated. The cell bodies are arranged in a thin layer between the granule cell layer and the external plexiform layer. Each mitral cell is characterized by one (occasionally several) primary dendrite that traverses the external plexiform layer and terminates within an olfactory glomerulus in a tuft of branches where it receives input from the axons of sensory cells of the vomeronasal organ. Olfactory bulb (accessory) mitral cell body layer
Olfactory bulb (main) mitral cell Glutamate Mitral neuron Principal neuron located in the olfactory bulb in the mammalian central nervous system. The cell bodies are arranged in a thin layer between the granule cell layer and the external plexiform layer. Each mitral cell is usually characterized in the mammal by a single primary dendrite that traverses the external plexiform layer and terminates within an olfactory glomerulus in a tuft of branches which receives input from the axons of olfactory receptor neurons. Axons of the mitral cells project to a number of areas in the brain, including the piriform cortex, entorhinal cortex, olfactory tubercle, and amygdala. Olfactory bulb main mitral cell body layer
Olfactory bulb (main) tufted cell (middle) Glutamate Olfactory bulb (main) tufted cell (middle) Principal neuron located in the outer third of the external plexiform layer of the olfactory bulb in the mammalian central nervous system. Each tufted cell is characterized by usually a single short primary dendrite that traverses the outer external plexiform layer and terminates within an olfactory glomerulus in a tuft of branches, where it receives the input from olfactory receptor neuron axon terminals. Differentiated from external tufted cells. Axons of the tufted cells transfer information to a number of areas in the brain, including the piriform cortex, entorhinal cortex, olfactory tubercle, and amygdala. Shepherd, Shen, Greer. Olfactory bulb. In The synaptic organization of the brain, ed 5 New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. Olfactory bulb
Olfactory bulb (main) internal plexiform layer outer part
Olfactory cortex deep pyramidal cell Glutamate Small pyramidal neuron
Olfactory cortex pyramidal neuron
piriform cortex deep pyramidal neuron
A cell with the classic pyramidal-shaped cell body and apical and basal dendritic trees, with cell body in layer III of the piriform (olfactory) cortex. Its axon arises from the deeper aspect of the cell body and gives rise to collaterals which terminate within the layer III on local intrinsic cells, and also recur to layer III and II where they form association fibers that connect to the apical dendrites of pyramidal neurons and continue to become centrifugal fibers to the olfactory bulb. Piriform cortex layer 3
Anterior piriform cortex
Olfactory cortex multipolar cell Glutamate Olfactory cortex large multipolar neuron
Olfactory cortex large multipolar cell
A type of intrinsic neuron found in the deep part of layer III of the olfactory cortex and the subjacent endopiriform nucleus. Several subpopulations of deep multipolar cells may be distinguished based on morphology and physiology. The one described here has pyramidal cell-like spiny dendrites. Olfactory cortex
Olfactory cortex deep layer III
Olfactory cortex semilunar cell Glutamate semilunar cell
semilunar neuron
Projection neuron found in the superficial border of layer II (IIa) of piriform cortex similar in characteristics to a pyramidal cell and also resembling the granule cell of the dentate gyrus. It has an apical but no basilar dendrites. They project to other cortical areas but, in contrast to pyramidal cells, they do not project back to the olfactory bulb. Olfactory cortex layer 2a
Primary olfactory cortex
Anterior piriform cortex
Olfactory cortex superficial pyramidal cell Glutamate Small pyramidal neuron
Olfactory cortex pyramidal neuron
A cell with the classic pyramidal-shaped cell body and apical and basal dendritic trees, with cell body in layer IIb and superficial layer III of the piriform (olfactory) cortex. Its axon arises from the deeper aspect of the cell body and gives rise to collaterals which terminate within the layer III on local intrinsic cells, and also recur to layer III, II and Ib where they form association fibers that connect to the apical dendrites of pyramidal neurons and continue to become centrifugal fibers to the olfactory bulb. Olfactory cortex layer IIb and superficial III
Olfactory cortex
Anterior piriform cortex
Olfactory epithelium main sensory cell Glutamate olfactory receptor cell
olfactory sensory neuron
This is the sensory neuron of the main olfactory epithelium in the nasal cavity that transduces odor molecules into receptor potentials, which give rise to the impulse trains that are sent further in the olfactory system.. It is a small bipolar cell in the pseudostratified olfactory epithelium, with cell body 8-15 um diameter giving rise to a single dendrite ending in a knob at the epithelial surface, from which arise several sensory cilia. A single unmyelinated axon descends through the basal lamina and turns to project to the glomeruli of the olfactory bulb. Shepherd, Chen & Greer. Olfactory Bulb, In The Synaptic Organization of the Brain. 5th ed. 2004. Middle layer of pseudostratified olfactory epithelium
Olfactory epithelium main supporting cell Glutamate sustentacular cell
supporting cell
sustentacular main olfactory epithelium supporting cell
So called supporting or sustentacular cell, that spans the depth of the olfactory epithelium, with cell bodies in an approximate layer near the surface, and microvilli extending into the overlying mucus. The cytoplasm contains large dense granules that are released into the mucus. Their electrophysiological properties are similar to those of glial cells (high membrane potential, low input resistance). They are coupled with each other through gap junctions. Olfactory epithelium middle layer
Retina On-Midget Ganglion Cell Glutamate P-Cell
Retina Ganglion Cell On-Midget
Physiologically classified as the main ganglion cells with small receptive fields driven by center-On input. Matched with morphologically defined cell of extremely small dendritic arborization. As a population forms both a physical mosaic within retina as well as a receptive field mosaic of stimulus space. Both receptive field size and dendritic arborization are distinct from the corresponding Off-Midget Retina ganglion cell layer
Retina bipolar cell Glutamate Retinal Bipolar Neuron
retinal bipolar cell
Small cell in the retina with one peripheral process connecting to terminals of photoreceptors and horizontal cells and the other process connecting to dendrites of ganglion cells and amacrine cells. It provides the straight-through pathway for visual responses from photoreceptors to ganglion cells. Several varieties are related to specific processing pathways. O Retina inner nuclear layer
Retina ganglion cell Glutamate Retinal Ganglion Neuron
Retinal ganglion cell
The main principal neuron of the retina, whose axon projects to several sites in the brain: lateral geniculate nucleus on the pathway to visual cortex, superior colliculus and suprachiasmatic nucleus. It receives input from bipolar cells, and has synaptic inputs Retina
Retina ganglion cell layer
Retina midget bipolar cell Glutamate Midget cell
Retina bipolar cell midget
Small cell with short bipolar processes that transmit from cone photoreceptors to midget ganglion cells. Retina inner nuclear layer
Retina photoreceptor L cone cell Glutamate Retina photoreceptor cone L Photoreceptor with peak spectral sensitivity at 570 nanometers, i.e. relatively long wavelengths ("L") mediating blue color, compared with green (M for medium) and blue (S for short) cones. Retina outer nuclear layer
Retina photoreceptor M cone cell Glutamate M-cone cell
Retina photoreceptor cone M
Photoreceptor with peak spectral sensitivity at 550 nanometers, i.e. relatively medium wavelengths ("M") mediating green color, compared with blue (S for short) and red (L for long) cones. Retina outer nuclear layer
Retina photoreceptor S cone cell Glutamate Retina photoreceptor cone S Photoreceptor with peak spectral sensitivity at 420 nanometers, i.e. relatively short wavelengths ("S") mediating blue color, compared with green (M for medium) and L (for red) cones. Retina photoreceptor layer
Retina photoreceptor cone cell Glutamate Cone cell
cone
retinal cone
One of the two photoreceptor cell types in the vertebrate retina. In cones the photopigment is in invaginations of the cell membrane of the outer segment. Cones are less sensitive to light than rods, but they provide vision with higher spatial and temporal acuity, and the combination of signals from cones with different pigments allows color vision. (MSH) Retina outer nuclear layer
Retina photoreceptor rod cell Glutamate rod cell
rod
retinal rod photoreceptor
One of the two photoreceptor cell types of the vertebrate retina. Primarily used in night vision. Rods significantly outnumber cones. The photopigment is in stacks of membranous disks separate from the outer cell membrane. Rods are more sensitive to light than cones, but rod mediated vision has less spatial and temporal resolution than cone vision. Retina outer nuclear layer
Solitary tract nucleus principal cell Glutamate projects Solitary nucleus
Central subnucleus
Spinal cord ventral horn interneuron V0G Glutamate V0G interneuron
spinal cord V0G interneuron
Spinal cord ventral horn V0 interneuron that expresses Pitx2 and vGlut2 Spinal cord
Spinal cord ventral horn interneuron V2a Glutamate V2a neuron
V2a interneuron
V2 spinal cord ventral horn interneuron characterized by Chx10+
Spinal cord ventral horn interneuron V3 Glutamate V3 interneuron Spinal cord ventral horn interneuron derived from the Nkx2.2 p3 progenitor cell domain (Stepian and Arber, Neuron 60:1, 2008) Spinal cord ventral horn
Spinal cord ventral horn motor neuron alpha Acetylcholine
Glutamate
alpha motoneuron
lower motor neuron
alpha motor neuron
Large lower motor neuron of the brainstem and spinal cord. They innervate extrafusal muscle fibers of skeletal muscle and are directly responsible for initiating their contraction. Alpha motor neurons are distinct from gamma motor neurons, which innervate intrafusal muscle fibers of muscle spindles. Spinal cord ventral horn
Stomatogastric ganglion anterior burster neuron Glutamate Identified individual neuron. Only non-efferent neuron of the pyloric central pattern generator circuit. Has endogenous bursting properties and is part of the pyloric pacemaker kernel. Graded inhibitory synapses onto pyloric and gastric mill circuit neurons within the stomatogastric ganglion, ascending axons to anterior ganglia. Stomatogastric ganglion
Subiculum pyramidal cell Glutamate Subiculum pyramidal neuron Pyramidal neuron whose cell body is located in the subiculum Subiculum
Thalamus geniculate nucleus (lateral) principal neuron Glutamate Relay cell
Thalamic relay neuron
Thalamus relay neuron
Thalamocortical cell
Thalamocortical neuron
Thalamus relay cell
Thalamus
Thalamus ventroposterior nucleus principal neuron Glutamate Ventral posterior nucleus
Vestibular ganglion cell Glutamate Vestibular ganglion neuron
Scarpa's ganglion cell
Vestibular ganglion
Vestibular type 1 hair cell Glutamate Vestibular hair cell A mechanoreceptor hair cell located in the acoustic maculae and the semicircular canals that mediates the sense of balance, movement, and head position. The vestibular hair cells are connected to accessory structures in such a way that movements of the head displace their stereocilia. This influences the membrane potential of the cells which relay information about movements via the vestibular part of the vestibulocochlear nerve to the brain stem. Otolith organs
Semicircular canal
Vestibular type 2 hair cell Glutamate A mechanoreceptor hair cell located in the acoustic maculae and the semicircular canals that mediates the sense of balance, movement, and head position. The vestibular hair cells are connected to accessory structures in such a way that movements of the head displace their stereocilia. This influences the membrane potential of the cells which relay information about movements via the vestibular part of the vestibulocochlear nerve to the brain stem. Otolith organs
Semicircular canals

Contributors

Memartone, Msriaz

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Facts about Glutamatergic neuronRDF feed
CurationStatusuncurated  +
DefiningCitationStorm-Mathisen J, Leknes AK, Bore AT, Vaaland JL, Edminson P, Haug FM, Ottersen OP. First visualization of glutamate and GABA in neurones by immunocytochemistry. Nature. 1983 Feb 10;301(5900):517-20. PubMed PMID: 6130475.  +
DefinitionA neuron that uses glutamate as a neurotransmitter
Idnlx_neuron_nt_090804  +
LabelGlutamatergic neuron  +
ModifiedDate12 February 2014  +
PMID6130475  +
PublicationLinkhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6130475  +
SuperCategoryDefined neuron class  +