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Mental disease

Name: Mental disease
Description: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function (MeSH).
Synonym(s): Behavior disorder, Psychiatric disorder, Mental disorder, Psychiatric disease, Mental illness, Psychiatric illness
Super-category: Nervous system disease
*Id: birnlex_12669
Link to OWL / RDF: Download this content as OWL/RDF

  • Definition Source: MeSH


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This category has the following 8 subcategories, out of 8 total.


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*Note: Neurolex imports many terms and their ids from existing community ontologies, e.g., the Gene Ontology. Neurolex, however, is a dynamic site and any content beyond the identifier should not be presumed to reflect the content or views of the source ontology. Users should consult with the authoritative source for each ontology for current information.

Facts about Mental diseaseRDF feed
Created5 October 2007  +
CurationStatusuncurated  +
DefinitionPsychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function (MeSH).
DefinitionSourceMeSH  +
EditorialNoteNote BIRNLex seeks to evolve a core subsum Note BIRNLex seeks to evolve a core subsumptive disease hierarchy based first on the effected function, then the effected structure, the latter for those categories of nervous system disease that have typically been associated with structural abnormalities or trauma (e.g., Motor neuron diseases, cerebrovascular trauma, etc.). Disease causation is in fact the ultimate goal of much biomedical research, and our recognitition of ALL the driving causes of a particular disease - and the ways in which these causes inter-relate with each other and with effected structures to cause a change in normal function is a critical representational task BIRNlex will increasingly take on to provide an evolving, nuanced functional reconstruction of disease as a process and an outcome. These relations will be represented using OWL ObjectProperties. Function is the most sensible context to drive the asserted subsumptive hierarchy for representing nervous system disease, since it is with the clinical description of altered, impaired, decreased, or lost function that the diagnosis - and the research - of disease is rooted. Much has already been described regarding both the effected biomaterial entities and the causes of disease. However, it is because understanding of such relations still is far from comprehensive, that biomedical investigation into nervous system disease continues. Finally, given the "realist" ontology design approach being used to construct BIRNLex, function must be represented as inhering in some biomaterial entity from molecules and their controlling elements on up through gross anatomical structures. Over time, BIRNLex will provide the required relations to depict these functionally-related structures for both the normal and pathological function of the nervous system. This will be true both for the causes and for the outcomes of nervous system disease. Initial work to extend this expressive representation will focus on the neurodegenerative diseases being studied by BIRN researchers. Though this will be te case, BIRNLex still needs to provide a core asserted hierarchy for a broad swarth of nervous system disease, so as to enable BIRN researchers to link to the breadth of disorders that may impact or relate to those directly under study. t or relate to those directly under study.
Idbirnlex_12669  +
LabelMental disease  +
ModifiedDate11 May 2012  +
SuperCategoryNervous system disease  +
SynonymBehavior disorder  +, Psychiatric disorder  +, Mental disorder  +, Psychiatric disease  +, Mental illness  +, and Psychiatric illness  +