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Neocortex basket cell

Name: Neocortex basket cell
Synonym(s): cortical basket cell, basket cell, cortical basket neuron, Neocortical basket cell, parvalbumin interneuron
Super-category: Neuron
*Id: nifext_56
Organism: Vertebrata
Link to OWL / RDF: Download this content as OWL/RDF

Soma Specific Properties

Cell Soma Shape: Multipolar
Soma Location: Neocortex, Neocortex layer 2, Neocortex layer 3[1]

Dendrite Specific Properties

Spine density on dendrites: Smooth[2]

Axon Specific Properties

Axon myelination: myelinated[2]
Axon projection laterality: bilateral[3]
Origin of axon: soma and sometimes dendrite

Intrinsic Properties

Neurotransmitter released: GABA
Neurotransmitter receptors: Glutamate-gated cationic channel, GABA-gated anionic channel, dopamine[4]
Molecular constituents: parvalbumin


  1. Suzuki N & Bekkers JM (2007) Inhibitory interneurons in the piriform cortex. Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol 34: 1064-9 PubMed
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Okhotin VE & Kalinichenko SG (2002) The histophysiology of neocortical basket cells. Neurosci Behav Physiol 32: 455-70 PubMed
  3. Peters A et al. (1990) Transcallosal non-pyramidal cell projections from visual cortex in the cat. J Comp Neurol 302: 124-42 PubMed
  4. et al. PubMed

Notes

This page uses this default form:Petilla_neuron



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*Note: Neurolex imports many terms and their ids from existing community ontologies, e.g., the Gene Ontology. Neurolex, however, is a dynamic site and any content beyond the identifier should not be presumed to reflect the content or views of the source ontology. Users should consult with the authoritative source for each ontology for current information.

Facts about Neocortex basket cellRDF feed
AxonLength300-700 um  +
AxonMyelinationmyelinated  +
AxonProjectionLateralitybilateral  +
CellSomaShapeCategory:Multipolar   +
Created5 September 2007  +
CurationStatusgraph position temporary  +
EditorialNoteNot sure that parvalbumin interneuron is a true synonym of this cell class; needs further review
ExampleImageNeocortex basket cell.gif  +
FiringPatternsFast-spiking  +
Has default formThis property is a special property in this wiki.Petilla neuron  +
Idnifext_56  +
LabelNeocortex basket cell  +
Located inNeocortex  +, Neocortex layer 2  +, and Neocortex layer 3  +
ModifiedDate19 July 2012  +
MolecularConstituentsParvalbumin  +
NeurotransmitterGABA  +
NeurotransmitterReceptorsGlutamate-gated cationic channel  +, GABA-gated anionic channel  +, and Dopamine  +
OriginOfAxonsoma and sometimes dendrite  +
Page has default formThis property is a special property in this wiki.Petilla neuron  +
SpeciesVertebrata  +
SpineDensityOnDendritesSmooth  +
SpontaneousFiringRateRapid firing  +
SuperCategoryNeuron  +
Synonymcortical basket cell  +, basket cell  +, cortical basket neuron  +, Neocortical basket cell  +, and parvalbumin interneuron  +