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Neocortex pyramidal cell

Name: Neocortex pyramidal cell
Description: Pyramidal neuron of the cerebral cortex (not including hippocampus or olfactory cortex). The pyramidal cell of the neocortex is located in layers 2-3 and 5-6, has a pyramidal-shaped cell body which gives off a number of laterally-directed basal dendrites and usually a single apical dendrite which ascends to branch and terminate in layer 1; these dendrites are covered in dendritic spines.
Synonym(s): Neocortical pyramidal cell, Neocortical pyramidal neuron, Cortical pyramidal neuron, neocortex pyramidal neuron
Has role: Principal neuron role
Super-category: Neuron
*Id: sao2128417084
Defining criteria: big pyramidal cell body, regular spiking property
Organism: Mammal
Link to OWL / RDF: Download this content as OWL/RDF

Soma Specific Properties

Cell Soma Shape: Pyramidal
Cell Soma Size: Large soma
Soma Location: Neocortex

Dendrite Specific Properties

Spine density on dendrites: spiny high density
Branching type: unipolar

Axon Specific Properties

Axon myelination: myelinated
Axon projection laterality: ipsilateral
Origin of axon: soma
Location of distant axon arborization: spinal cord, superior colliculus, basal pons, contralateral cortex

Intrinsic Properties

Neurotransmitter released: Glutamate
Neurotransmitter receptors: GABA-gated anionic channel, NMDA-type glutamate-gated cationic channel, AMPA-type glutamate-gated cationic channel
Defining Criteria: big pyramidal cell body, regular spiking property


Notes

This page uses this default form:Petilla_neuron

Subcategories

This category has the following 2 subcategories, out of 2 total.

N



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*Note: Neurolex imports many terms and their ids from existing community ontologies, e.g., the Gene Ontology. Neurolex, however, is a dynamic site and any content beyond the identifier should not be presumed to reflect the content or views of the source ontology. Users should consult with the authoritative source for each ontology for current information.

Facts about Neocortex pyramidal cellRDF feed
AxonMyelinationmyelinated  +
AxonProjectionLateralityipsilateral  +
BranchingMetricsunipolar  +
CellSomaShapeCategory:Pyramidal   +
CellSomaSizeLarge soma  +
CurationStatusuncurated  +
DefiningCriteriabig pyramidal cell body, regular spiking property  +
DefinitionPyramidal neuron of the cerebral cortex (n Pyramidal neuron of the cerebral cortex (not including hippocampus or olfactory cortex). The pyramidal cell of the neocortex is located in layers 2-3 and 5-6, has a pyramidal-shaped cell body which gives off a number of laterally-directed basal dendrites and usually a single apical dendrite which ascends to branch and terminate in layer 1; these dendrites are covered in dendritic spines. dendrites are covered in dendritic spines.
DendriteThicknessRat: Basal trunks: 3-5 um; Apical trunk: 4-7 um  +
EditorialNotehttp://senselab.med.yale.edu/neurondb/NeuronProp.aspx?id=266
ExampleImageNC Pyramidal Cell.gif  +
FiringPatternsRegular firing and bursting  +
Has default formThis property is a special property in this wiki.Petilla neuron  +
Has rolePrincipal neuron role  +
Idsao2128417084  +
LabelNeocortex pyramidal cell  +
Located inNeocortex  +
LocationOfAxonArborizationSpinal cord  +, Superior colliculus  +, Basal pons  +, and Contralateral cortex  +
ModifiedDate4 March 2014  +
NeurotransmitterGlutamate  +
NeurotransmitterReceptorsGABA-gated anionic channel  +, NMDA-type glutamate-gated cationic channel  +, and AMPA-type glutamate-gated cationic channel  +
NumberOfPrimaryDendrites1-2, plus basal (lateral) dendrites  +
OriginOfAxonsoma  +
Page has default formThis property is a special property in this wiki.Petilla neuron  +
SpeciesMammal  +
SpineDensityOnDendritesSpiny high density  +
SpontaneousFiringPatternsRegular firing  +
SpontaneousFiringRatemedium firing  +
SuperCategoryNeuron  +
SynonymNeocortical pyramidal cell  +, Neocortical pyramidal neuron  +, Cortical pyramidal neuron  +, and neocortex pyramidal neuron  +