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Neocortex pyramidal cell

Name: Neocortex pyramidal cell
Description: Pyramidal neuron of the cerebral cortex (not including hippocampus or olfactory cortex). The pyramidal cell of the neocortex is located in layers 2-3 and 5-6, has a pyramidal-shaped cell body which gives off a number of laterally-directed basal dendrites and usually a single apical dendrite which ascends to branch and terminate in layer 1; these dendrites are covered in dendritic spines.
Synonym(s): Neocortical pyramidal cell, Neocortical pyramidal neuron, Cortical pyramidal neuron, neocortex pyramidal neuron
Has role: Principal neuron role
Super-category: Neuron
Id: sao2128417084
Defining criteria: big pyramidal cell body, regular spiking property
Organism: Mammal
Link to OWL / RDF: Download this content as OWL/RDF

Soma Specific Properties

Cell Soma Shape: Pyramidal
Cell Soma Size: Large soma
Soma Location: Neocortex

Dendrite Specific Properties

Spine density on dendrites: spiny high density
Branching type: unipolar

Axon Specific Properties

Axon myelination: myelinated
Axon projection laterality: ipsilateral
Origin of axon: soma
Location of distant axon arborization: spinal cord, superior colliculus, basal pons, contralateral cortex

Intrinsic Properties

Neurotransmitter released: Glutamate
Neurotransmitter receptors: GABA-gated anionic channel, NMDA-type glutamate-gated cationic channel, AMPA-type glutamate-gated cationic channel
Defining Criteria: big pyramidal cell body, regular spiking property


Notes

This page uses this default form:Petilla_neuron

Subcategories

This category has the following 2 subcategories, out of 2 total.

N



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Facts about Neocortex pyramidal cellRDF feed
AxonMyelinationmyelinated  +
AxonProjectionLateralityipsilateral  +
BranchingMetricsunipolar  +
CellSomaShapeCategory:Pyramidal   +
CellSomaSizeLarge soma  +
CurationStatusuncurated  +
DefiningCriteriabig pyramidal cell body, regular spiking property  +
DefinitionPyramidal neuron of the cerebral cortex (n Pyramidal neuron of the cerebral cortex (not including hippocampus or olfactory cortex). The pyramidal cell of the neocortex is located in layers 2-3 and 5-6, has a pyramidal-shaped cell body which gives off a number of laterally-directed basal dendrites and usually a single apical dendrite which ascends to branch and terminate in layer 1; these dendrites are covered in dendritic spines. dendrites are covered in dendritic spines.
DendriteThicknessRat: Basal trunks: 3-5 um; Apical trunk: 4-7 um  +
EditorialNotehttp://senselab.med.yale.edu/neurondb/NeuronProp.aspx?id=266
ExampleImageNC Pyramidal Cell.gif  +
FiringPatternsRegular firing and bursting  +
Has default formThis property is a special property in this wiki.Petilla neuron  +
Has rolePrincipal neuron role  +
Idsao2128417084  +
LabelNeocortex pyramidal cell  +
Located inNeocortex  +
LocationOfAxonArborizationSpinal cord  +, Superior colliculus  +, Basal pons  +, and Contralateral cortex  +
ModifiedDate4 March 2014  +
NeurotransmitterGlutamate  +
NeurotransmitterReceptorsGABA-gated anionic channel  +, NMDA-type glutamate-gated cationic channel  +, and AMPA-type glutamate-gated cationic channel  +
NumberOfPrimaryDendrites1-2, plus basal (lateral) dendrites  +
OriginOfAxonsoma  +
Page has default formThis property is a special property in this wiki.Petilla neuron  +
SpeciesMammal  +
SpineDensityOnDendritesSpiny high density  +
SpontaneousFiringPatternsRegular firing  +
SpontaneousFiringRatemedium firing  +
SuperCategoryNeuron  +
SynonymNeocortical pyramidal cell  +, Neocortical pyramidal neuron  +, Cortical pyramidal neuron  +, and neocortex pyramidal neuron  +