arrow

From NeuroLex

Jump to: navigation, search



Neocortical neuron

Name: Neocortical neuron
Description: Neuron whose soma lies in any part of the Neocortex
Super-category: Defined neuron class
*Id: nlx_cell_0912004
Link to OWL / RDF: Download this content as OWL/RDF


This table is also available in CSV

Id Synonym Definition Located in
Neocortex Martinotti cell nifext_55 Martinotti cell Neocortex layer 2
Neocortex layer 3
Neocortex layer 5
Neocortex basket cell nifext_56 cortical basket cell
basket cell
cortical basket neuron
Neocortical basket cell
parvalbumin interneuron
Neocortex
Neocortex layer 2
Neocortex layer 3
Neocortex bipolar cell nifext_81 Bipolar dendrite cell
Cortical bipolar cell
Neocortex
Neocortex bouquet double cell sao910084726 Double Bouquet Cell Type of inhibitory cortical interneuron that provides inhibitory innervation of pyramidal neurons. Most commonly described in primates; may be absent in rodent (DeFelipe et al., 2001). Neocortex
Neocortex candelabrum cell nifext_134 candelabrum neuron
candelabrum cell
Neocortex
Neocortex chandelier cell nifext_57 Cortical chandelier cell
Chandelier cell
Chandelier-type cell
Type of cortical interneuron characterized by a bitufted appearance, with groups of dendrites extending from the upper and lower poles of an elongate cell body, but some cells have a more multipolar configuration. Neocortex
Neocortex polymorphic cell layer 5-6 nifext_51 polymorphic cell
Layer 5-6 polymorphic cell
Neocortex polymorphic neuron layer 5-6
Neocortex layer 5
Neocortex layer 6
Neocortex primary motor area pyramidal layer 2-3 cell nlx_151707 Superficial cortical pyramidal cell This basic neuron type in the neocortex has a pyramidal-shaped cell body with apical and basal dendrites, with an axon that projects to other cortical areas as well giving rise to local collaterals. Neocortex layer 2
Neocortex layer 3
Neocortex primary motor area pyramidal layer 5 callosal cell nlx_152138 This is a basic type of neocortical cell with a pyramidal shaped cell body and apical and basal spiny dendrites. Its axon gives off local collaterals and projects through the corpus callosum to the contralateral neocortex. It belongs to the group termed intra-telencepalic pyramidal cells. Neocortex layer 5
Neocortex primary motor area pyramidal layer 5 corticopontine-tectal cell nlx_152139 This is a basic type of necortical cell with a pyramidal-shaped cell body and apical and basal spiny dendrites. Its axon projects subcortically to the midbrain tectum, and gives off local collaterals with the necortex. It belongs to the group termed infra-telencenphalic pyramidal cells. Neocortex layer 5
Neocortex primary motor area pyramidal layer 5 corticospinal cell nlx_151709 Upper motor neuron
corticospinal neuron
Betz cell
This is a basic type of neocortical cell with a pyramidal-shaped cell body and apical and basal spiny dendrites. It has an axon that projects subcortically to the spinal cord, giving off collaterals to the thalamus, and local collaterals within the cortex. It belongs to the group termed infra-telencephalic pyramidal cells. Neocortex layer 5B
Neocortex primary motor area pyramidal layer 5 corticostriate cell nlx_152140 Cortico-striate cell This is a basic type of neocortical cell with a pyramidal-shaped cell body and basal and apical spiny dendrites. Its axon projects to the neostriatum, and gives off local collaterals with the neocortex. It belongs to the group termed intra-telenchephalic. Neocortex layer 5
Neocortex primary visual area pyramidal layer 2-3 cell nlx_152226 Visual cortex primary layer 2
Visual cortex primary layer 3
Neocortex primary visual layer 5 callosal cell nlx_143940 Neuron in lower layer 5 of primary visual cortex with pyramidal or ovoid soma that project via the corpus callosum to the opposite visual cortex. At the area 17/18 border, callosal neurons are distributed evenly throughout the depth of layer 5. These neurons do not send projections to either the pontine nuclei or the superior colliculus. Apical dendrites of these cells were never observed to extend above layer 4. Basal dendrites were restricted to layer 5 and upper part of layer 6. 2-6 primary basal dendrites originated from the base of the pyramid or ovoid cell body. Visual cortex primary layer 5
Neocortex primary visual layer 5 corticopontine/tectal pyramidal cell nlx_143938 Pyramidal neuron with soma located predominantly in the upper middle part of layer 5. These neurons have medium to large somas with 5 or 6 primary basal dendrites (4-7 primary basal dendrites) and a single apical dendrite ascending to layer 1. Double labeling experiments show that these cells send collaterals to the pontine nucleus and the superior colliculus. It is possible that all cells sending projections to these regions send collaterals, but the presence of populations of cells sending projections to only the superior colliculus or the pontine nuclei cannot be ruled out. Visual cortex primary layer 5
Neocortex pyramidal cell sao2128417084 Neocortical pyramidal cell
Neocortical pyramidal neuron
Cortical pyramidal neuron
neocortex pyramidal neuron
Pyramidal neuron of the cerebral cortex (not including hippocampus or olfactory cortex). The pyramidal cell of the neocortex is located in layers 2-3 and 5-6, has a pyramidal-shaped cell body which gives off a number of laterally-directed basal dendrites and usually a single apical dendrite which ascends to branch and terminate in layer 1; these dendrites are covered in dendritic spines. Neocortex
Neocortex pyramidal cell layer 5-6 nifext_50 deep pyramidal cell
Neocortex pyramidal neuron layer 5-6
Layer 5-6 pyramidal cell
layer 5 pyramidal neuron
layer 5 pyramidal cell
Tufted layer 5 (TL5) pyramidal neurons
The pyramidal cell of layer 5 of the neocortex has a pyramidal-shaped cell body which gives off a number of laterally-directed basal dendrites and usually a single apical dendrite which ascends to branch and terminate in layer 1; these dendrites are covered in dendritic spines. The axon descends through the internal capsule, giving off collaterals to the thalamus, to the medullary pyramids, where most of the axons cross controlaterally to descend and innervate the ventral horn of the spinal cord. Neocortex layer 5
Neocortex layer 6
Neocortex pyramidal layer 2-3 cell nifext_49 corticocortical cell
superficial pyramidal cell
Neocortex pyramidal neuron layer 2-3
Layer 2-3 pyramidal cell
Neocortical pyramidal neuron: superficial
deep layer (layer 5
6) pyramidal cell
This basic excitatory neuron type has a pyramidal-shaped cell body, with apical and basal dendrites. Typically, there is an axon that projects to other cortical and/or subcortical areas, as well as giving rise to local collaterals. Neocortex
Neocortex layer 2
Neocortex layer 3
Neocortex layer 5
Neocortex layer 6
Neocortex layer 4
Neocortex stellate cell nifext_52 cortical stellate cell
layer 4 stellate cell
stellate cell cortical
Neocortex
Neocortex stellate layer 4 cell nifext_53 Cortical stellate cell
cortical stellate neuron
cortical spiny stellate cell
Neocortex layer 4
Neocortex stellate smooth cell sao770302354 Cortical Smooth Stellate Cell A non-pyramidal neuron class found primarily in layer IV of mammalian neocortex characterized by relatively smooth dendrites (While and Rock, 1980). Neocortex layer 4
Neocortex stellate spiny cell sao1236796660 Cortical Spiny Stellate Cell A non-pyramidal neuron class found primarily in layer IV of mammalian neocortex characterized by a high density of dendritic spines (While and Rock, 1980). Neocortex layer 4

Contributors

Memartone



bookmark

*Note: Neurolex imports many terms and their ids from existing community ontologies, e.g., the Gene Ontology. Neurolex, however, is a dynamic site and any content beyond the identifier should not be presumed to reflect the content or views of the source ontology. Users should consult with the authoritative source for each ontology for current information.

Facts about Neocortical neuronRDF feed
CurationStatusuncurated  +
DefinitionNeuron whose soma lies in any part of the Neocortex
Idnlx_cell_0912004  +
LabelNeocortical neuron  +
ModifiedDate8 May 2010  +
SuperCategoryDefined neuron class  +