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Neurohypophysis

Name: Neurohypophysis
Description: The neurohypophysis not only consists of the nerve endings of the oxytocin- and vasopressin-secreting neurons of the hypothalamus, but also receives both dopamine- and opiate peptide-containing nerve fibers. This secondary innervation may regulate hormone secretion at the level of the nerve terminals by an action similar to presynaptic inhibition (PMID: 7088170).[1]
Synonym(s): posterior lobe of pituitary, neural lobe of pituitary
Abbreviation: NHP
Is part of: Hypophysis
Super-category: circumventricular organ
Id: birnlex_1586
Link to OWL / RDF: Download this content as OWL/RDF
Neuronames ID ( what's this?): 384

Parts of Neurohypophysis

Inferred incoming projections for Neurohypophysis

The following brain regions send axons into Neurohypophysis: Tuberal supraoptic nucleus. The statements about these projections are not made on this page, but rather are made on the pages linked here.


References

  1. Bicknell RJ & Leng G (1982) Endogenous opiates regulate oxytocin but not vasopressin secretion from the neurohypophysis. Nature 298: 161-2 PubMed
  • Externally Sourced Definition: * Neural tissue of the pituitary gland, also known as the neurohypophysis. It consists of the distal AXONS of neurons that produce VASOPRESSIN and OXYTOCIN in the SUPRAOPTIC NUCLEUS and the PARAVENTRICULAR NUCLEUS. These axons travel down through the MEDIAN EMINENCE, the INFUNDIBULAR STALK, to the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland. (MSH) * The neural or post-neural lobe of the pituitary gland which stores and releases vasopressin, oxytocin, and neurophysins. (NCI) * posterior lobe of the pituitary gland, making up the neural portion, including the infundibulum or neural stalk, continuous with the hypothalamus; serves as a reservoir for neurohormones vasopressin, oxytocin, and neurophysin. (CSP)
  • Definition Source: UMLS
  • Abbreviation Source: NeuroNames_abbrevSource

Notes

Non structured information for this region can be found https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posterior_pituitary



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Facts about NeurohypophysisRDF feed
AbbrevNHP  +
AbbrevSourceNeuroNames_abbrevSource  +
BamsID4,018  +, 12,340  +, 11,549  +, and 6,969  +
BamsLinkhttp://brancusi.usc.edu/bkms/brain/show-braing2.php?aidi=4018  +, http://brancusi.usc.edu/bkms/brain/show-braing2.php?aidi=12340  +, http://brancusi.usc.edu/bkms/brain/show-braing2.php?aidi=11549  +, and http://brancusi.usc.edu/bkms/brain/show-braing2.php?aidi=6969  +
Created19 August 2007  +
CurationStatusuncurated  +
DefinitionThe neurohypophysis not only consists of t The neurohypophysis not only consists of the nerve endings of the oxytocin- and vasopressin-secreting neurons of the hypothalamus, but also receives both dopamine- and opiate peptide-containing nerve fibers. This secondary innervation may regulate hormone secretion at the level of the nerve terminals by an action similar to presynaptic inhibition (PMID: 7088170). to presynaptic inhibition (PMID: 7088170).
DefinitionSourceUMLS  +
ExternallySourcedDefinition* Neural tissue of the pituitary gland, al * Neural tissue of the pituitary gland, also known as the neurohypophysis. It consists of the distal AXONS of neurons that produce VASOPRESSIN and OXYTOCIN in the SUPRAOPTIC NUCLEUS and the PARAVENTRICULAR NUCLEUS. These axons travel down through the MEDIAN EMINENCE, the INFUNDIBULAR STALK, to the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland. (MSH) * The neural or post-neural lobe of the pituitary gland which stores and releases vasopressin, oxytocin, and neurophysins. (NCI) * posterior lobe of the pituitary gland, making up the neural portion, including the infundibulum or neural stalk, continuous with the hypothalamus; serves as a reservoir for neurohormones vasopressin, oxytocin, and neurophysin. (CSP) opressin, oxytocin, and neurophysin. (CSP)
Has default formThis property is a special property in this wiki.PONS brain region  +
Idbirnlex_1586  +
Is part ofHypophysis  +
LabelNeurohypophysis  +
Lacks partBlood brain barrier  +
ModifiedDate23 January 2014  +
NeuronamesLinkhttp://braininfo.rprc.washington.edu/Scripts/hiercentraldirectory.aspx?ID=384  +
SuperCategorycircumventricular organ  +
Synonymposterior lobe of pituitary  +, and neural lobe of pituitary  +
UmlscuiC0032009, C1280368  +