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Olfactory cortex semilunar cell

Name: Olfactory cortex semilunar cell
Description: Projection neuron found in the superficial border of layer II (IIa) of piriform cortex similar in characteristics to a pyramidal cell and also resembling the granule cell of the dentate gyrus. It has an apical but no basilar dendrites. They project to other cortical areas but, in contrast to pyramidal cells, they do not project back to the olfactory bulb.
Synonym(s): semilunar cell, semilunar neuron
Super-category: Neuron
Id: nlx_cell_091005
Organism: Vertebrata
Link to OWL / RDF: Download this content as OWL/RDF

Soma Specific Properties

Cell Soma Shape: Fusiform
Cell Soma Size: Medium soma
Soma Location: Olfactory cortex layer 2a, Primary olfactory cortex, anterior piriform cortex[1]

Dendrite Specific Properties

Spine density on dendrites: spiny high density
Branching type: multipolar

Axon Specific Properties

Axon projection laterality: ipsilateral
Origin of axon: soma
Location of distant axon arborization: Other cortical areas
Location of local axon arborization: Olfactory cortex layer 2, Olfactory cortex layer 3

Intrinsic Properties

Neurotransmitter released: Glutamate
Neurotransmitter receptors: AMPA-type glutamate-gated cationic channel, NMDA-type glutamate-gated cationic channel
Molecular constituents: Doublecortin[2]


References

  1. Suzuki N & Bekkers JM (2011) Two layers of synaptic processing by principal neurons in piriform cortex. J Neurosci 31: 2156-66 PubMed
  2. Gómez-Climent MA et al. (2008) A population of prenatally generated cells in the rat paleocortex maintains an immature neuronal phenotype into adulthood. Cereb Cortex 18: 2229-40 PubMed

Notes

This page uses this default form:Petilla_neuron



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Facts about Olfactory cortex semilunar cellRDF feed
AxonProjectionLateralityipsilateral  +
BranchingMetricsmultipolar  +
CellSomaShapeCategory:Fusiform   +
CellSomaSizeMedium soma  +
CurationStatusuncurated  +
DefinitionProjection neuron found in the superficial Projection neuron found in the superficial border of layer II (IIa) of piriform cortex similar in characteristics to a pyramidal cell and also resembling the granule cell of the dentate gyrus. It has an apical but no basilar dendrites. They project to other cortical areas but, in contrast to pyramidal cells, they do not project back to the olfactory bulb. do not project back to the olfactory bulb.
Has default formThis property is a special property in this wiki.Petilla neuron  +
Idnlx_cell_091005  +
LabelOlfactory cortex semilunar cell  +
Located inOlfactory cortex layer 2a  +, Primary olfactory cortex  +, and Anterior piriform cortex  +
LocationOfAxonArborizationOther cortical areas  +
LocationOfLocalAxonArborizationOlfactory cortex layer 2  +, and Olfactory cortex layer 3  +
ModifiedDate9 August 2013  +
MolecularConstituentsDoublecortin  +
NeurotransmitterGlutamate  +
NeurotransmitterReceptorsAMPA-type glutamate-gated cationic channel  +, and NMDA-type glutamate-gated cationic channel  +
OriginOfAxonsoma  +
Page has default formThis property is a special property in this wiki.Petilla neuron  +
SpeciesVertebrata  +
SpineDensityOnDendritesSpiny high density  +
SuperCategoryNeuron  +
Synonymsemilunar cell  +, and semilunar neuron  +