Neurolex is being transitioned to a new system and is currently not accepting new additions. If you have additions or questions please contact us at [email protected], or submit an issue to the github issue tracker at


From NeuroLex

Jump to: navigation, search


Name: Ontology
Description: In both computer science and information science, an ontology represents a set of concepts within a domain and the relationships between those concepts. It is used to reason about the objects within that domain. Ontologies are used in artificial intelligence, the semantic web, software engineering, biomedical informatics and information architecture as a form of knowledge representation about the world or some part of it. Ontologies generally describe:
  • Individuals: the basic or "ground level" objects
  • Classes: sets, collections, or types of objects
  • Attributes: properties, features, characteristics, or parameters that objects can have and share
  • Relations: ways that objects can be related to one another
  • Events: the changing of attributes or relations
NITRC definition: Controlled, standardized vocabulary that describes objects and the relations between them.
Super-category: Controlled vocabulary
*Id: birnlex_2339
Link to OWL / RDF: Download this content as OWL/RDF

Categories related to Ontology

Semantic mark up

Categories with role Ontology

Resource:ABA Adult Mouse Brain Ontology, Resource:AEO, Resource:Adult Mouse Anatomy Ontology, Resource:Adverse Event Ontology, Resource:Adverse Event Reporting Ontology, Resource:African Traditional Medicine Ontology, Resource:Allen Institute Neurowiki, Resource:Alzheimers disease ontology, Resource:Amino Acid Ontology, Resource:Amphibian Gross Anatomy Ontology, Resource:Amphibian Taxonomy Ontology, Resource:Anatomic Pathology Lexicon, Resource:Animal Natural History and Life History Ontology, Resource:Animal Toxin Database, Resource:Annotation Ontology, Resource:Arabidopsis Hormone Database, Resource:Artificial Intelligence Rheumatology Consultant System Ontology, Resource:Ascomycete Phenotype Ontology, Resource:Autism Spectrum Disorder Phenotype Ontology, Resource:BAMS Neuroanatomical Ontology, Resource:BBMRI Wiki, Resource:BFO, Resource:BIRNLex, Resource:BRENDA Tissue and Enzyme Source Ontology, Resource:Beta Cell Genomics Ontology, Resource:Bilingual Ontology of Alzheimer, Resource:BioCaster Ontology, Resource:BioMANTA, Resource:BioMoby, Resource:BioModels Ontology, Resource:BioPAX Ontology of Biological Pathways, Resource:BioPortal, Resource:BioPortal Metadata Ontology, Resource:BioTop Ontology, Resource:Bioassay Ontology, Resource:Biochemical Substructure Ontology, Resource:Biodiversity Ontology, Resource:Bioinformatics Web Service Ontology, Resource:Biological Collections Ontology, Resource:Biological Imaging Methods Ontology, Resource:Biologie Hors Nomenclature, Resource:Biomedical Research Integrated Domain Group Model, Resource:Biomedical Resource Ontology, Resource:Bionutrition Ontology, Resource:Bleeding History Phenotype Ontology, Resource:Body System Terms from ICD11, Resource:Bone Dysplasia Ontology, Resource:Bone and Cartilage Tissue Engineering Ontology, Resource:Botryllus schlosseri anatomy and development ontology, Resource:Brain Architecture Management System, Resource:Breast Cancer Grading Ontology, Resource:Breast Tissue Cell Lines Ontology, Resource:Brucellosis Ontology, Resource:C. elegans Development Vocabulary, Resource:C. elegans Gross Anatomy Vocabulary, Resource:C. elegans Phenotype Vocabulary, Resource:CAMO - Cell Adhesion Molecule Ontology, Resource:CELDA Ontology, Resource:CHEBI, Resource:CPTAC Proteomics Pipeline Infrastructure Ontology, Resource:CTSAconnect, Resource:Cancer Chemoprevention Ontology, Resource:Cancer Research and Management ACGT Master Ontology, Resource:Cardiac Electrophysiology Ontology, Resource:CardioVascular Research Grid, Resource:Cell Behavior Ontology, Resource:Cell Culture Ontology, Resource:Cell Cycle Ontology, Resource:Cell Line Ontology, Resource:Cell Line Ontology by Mahadevan, Resource:Cell Type Ontology, Resource:Cellular microscopy phenotype ontology, Resource:Cereal Plant Development Ontology, Resource:Cereal Plant Gross Anatomy Ontology, Resource:Cerebrotendinous Xanthomatosis Ontology, Resource:Cerrado concepts and plant community dynamics, Resource:Chemical Information Ontology, Resource:Chemical Methods Ontology, Resource:CiTO - the Citation Typing Ontology, Resource:Clinical Measurement Ontology, Resource:Clinical Signs and Symptoms Ontology, Resource:Clusters of Orthologous Groups Analysis Ontology, Resource:Coding Symbols for a Thesaurus of Adverse Reaction Terms, Resource:Cognitive Atlas, Resource:Cognitive Atlas Ontology, Resource:Cognitive Paradigm Ontology, Resource:Common Anatomy Reference Ontology, Resource:Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, Resource:Common Upper Mammalian Brain Ontology, Resource:Comparative Data Analysis Ontology, Resource:Computational Neuroscience Ontology, Resource:Computer Assisted Brain Injury Rehabilitation Ontology, Resource:Computer Retrieval of Information on Scientific Projects Thesaurus, Resource:Computer-Based Patient Record Ontology, Resource:Congenital Heart Defects Ontology, Resource:Connectome Wiki, Resource:Content Archive Resource Exchange Lexicon, Resource:Crop Ontology, Resource:Current Procedural Terminalogy Hierarchy, Resource:Current Procedural Terminology, Resource:DICOM Controlled Terminology, Resource:DataCite Ontology, Resource:Dataset processing, Resource:Dengue Fever Ontology, Resource:Dermatology Lexicon, Resource:Diagnosis Ontology of Clinical Care Classification, Resource:Diagnostic Ontology, Resource:Dictyostelium Anatomy Ontology, Resource:Dictyostelium Discoideum Anatomy Ontology, Resource:Disease Ontology, Resource:Disease Phenotype Ontology, Resource:Disease core ontology applied to Rare Diseases, Resource:Dispedia Core Ontology, Resource:Drosophila Development Ontology, Resource:Drosophila Gross Anatomy Ontology, Resource:Drosophila anatomy and development ontologies, Resource:Drug Interaction Knowledge Base Ontology, Resource:ECO, Resource:EDAM Ontology, Resource:EDDA Study Design Terminology, Resource:Electrocardiography Ontology, Resource:Eligibility Feature Hierarchy, Resource:Emotion Ontology, Resource:EnvO, Resource:Enzyme Mechanism Ontology, Resource:Enzyme Reaction Ontology for partial chemical perspectives, Resource:Epilepsy Ontology, Resource:Epoch Clinical Trial Ontology, Resource:Experimental Conditions Ontology, Resource:Experimental Factor Ontology, Resource:FMA, Resource:Family Health History Ontology, Resource:Fanconi Anemia Ontology, Resource:Fire Ontology, Resource:Fission Yeast Phenotype Ontology, Resource:Flora Phenotype Ontology, Resource:Fly Taxonomy, Resource:FlyBase Controlled Vocabulary, Resource:Fungal Gross Anatomy Ontology, Resource:G Protein-Coupled Receptor BioAssays Ontology, Resource:G-Protein Coupled Receptor Oligomerization Knowledge Base (GPCR-OKB) ontology project, Resource:GO, Resource:GUDMAP Ontology, Resource:Galen Ontology, Resource:Gazetteer, Resource:Gene Expression Ontology, Resource:Gene Ontology Extension, Resource:Gene Regulation Ontology, Resource:Gene-Disease Association Ontology, Resource:General Formal Ontology, Resource:General Formal Ontology for Biology, Resource:Genome Component Ontology, Resource:Genomic Clinical Decision Support Ontology, Resource:GeoSpecies Ontology, Resource:Glycomics Ontology, Resource:HGNC, Resource:HIV ontology, Resource:HPO - Human Phenotype Ontology, Resource:HUPO Proteomics Standards Initiative, Resource:Habronattus Courtship Ontology, Resource:Health Indicator Ontology, Resource:Health Level Seven Reference Implementation Model Version 3, Resource:Healthcare Common Procedure Coding System, Resource:Host Pathogen Interactions Ontology, Resource:Human Dermatological Disease Ontology, Resource:Human Developmental Anatomy Ontology abstract version 1, Resource:Human Developmental Anatomy Ontology abstract version 2, Resource:Human Developmental Anatomy Ontology timed version, Resource:Human Disease Ontology, Resource:Human Interaction Network Ontology, Resource:Human Physiology Simulation Ontology, Resource:Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology, Resource:IMGT-ONTOLOGY, Resource:Image and Data Quality Assessment Ontology, Resource:ImmPort, Resource:Immune Disorder Ontology, Resource:Infectious Disease Ontology, Resource:Influenza Ontology, Resource:Information Artifact Ontology, Resource:Integrating Network Objects with Hierarchies, Resource:InterNano Nanomanufacturing Taxonomy, Resource:Interaction Network Ontology, Resource:Interaction Ontology, Resource:International Classification for Nursing Practice, Resource:International Classification for Patient Safety, Resource:International Classification of Diseases Version 10, Resource:International Classification of Diseases Version 10 - Clinical Modification, Resource:International Classification of Diseases Version 10 - Procedure Coding System, Resource:International Classification of Diseases Version 9 - Clinical Modification, Resource:International Classification of External Causes of Injuries, Resource:International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health, Resource:International Classification of Primary Care, Resource:International Classification of Primary Care - 2 PLUS, Resource:KB Bio 101, Resource:Kidney and Urinary Pathway Ontology, Resource:Kinetic Simulation Algorithm Ontology, Resource:Leukocyte Surface Marker Ontology, Resource:Lipid Ontology, Resource:Loggerhead Nesting Ontology, Resource:Logical Observation Identifier Names and Codes, Resource:MGED Ontology, Resource:MPO, Resource:MR dataset acquisition, Resource:Maize Gross Anatomy Ontology, Resource:Major Histocompatibility Complex Ontology, Resource:Malaria Ontology, Resource:Mammalian Adult Neurogenesis Gene Ontology, Resource:Mass Spectrometry Ontology, Resource:Master Drug Data Base Clinical Drugs, Resource:Mathematical Modelling Ontology, Resource:MeGO, Resource:Measurement Method Ontology, Resource:Medaka Fish Anatomy and Development Ontology, Resource:Medical Diagnostic Categories - Diagnosis Related Groups, Resource:Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities, Resource:Medical image simulation, Resource:Menelas Project Top-Level Ontology, Resource:Mental Functioning Ontology, Resource:Mental State Assessment, Resource:Metabolomics Standards Initiative, Resource:Metagenome Sample Vocabulary, Resource:Metagenome and Microbes Environmental Ontology, Resource:MicroRNA Ontology, Resource:Microbial Culture Collection Vocabulary, Resource:Microbial Typing Ontology, Resource:Minimal Anatomical Terminology, Resource:Minimal Information about any Sequence Controlled Vocabularies, Resource:Minimal Information about any Sequence Ontology, Resource:Minimal Standard Terminology of Digestive Endoscopy, Resource:Minimal Standard Terminology of Digestive Endoscopy - French, Resource:Mosquito Gross Anatomy Ontology, Resource:Mosquito Insecticide Resistance Ontology, Resource:Mouse Anatomical Dictionary Browser, Resource:Mouse Experimental Design Ontology, Resource:Mouse Genome Informatics: The Gene Ontology Project, Resource:Mouse Gross Anatomy and Development Ontology, Resource:Mouse Pathology Ontology, Resource:NCBITaxon, Resource:NCI Thesaurus, Resource:NEMO Ontology, Resource:NHS Quality Indicators, Resource:NIF Cell Ontology, Resource:NIF Dysfunction Ontlogy, Resource:NIF Subcellular Ontology, Resource:NIFSTD, Resource:NMR-Instrument Component of Metabolomics Investigations Ontology, Resource:Name Reaction Ontology, Resource:NanoParticle Ontology, Resource:National Cancer Institute Thesaurus, Resource:National Drug Data File, Resource:National Drug File - Reference Terminology, Resource:Natural Products Ontology, Resource:Neglected Tropical Disease Ontology, Resource:Neomark Oral Cancer Ontology version 3, Resource:Neomark Oral Cancer Ontology version 4, Resource:Neural Motor Recovery Ontology, Resource:Neural-Immune Gene Ontology, Resource:NeuroMorpho.Org light species ontology, Resource:NeuroMorpho.Org species ontology, Resource:NeuroMorpho.Org species ontology old, Resource:Neurobehavior Ontology, Resource:Neurological disease ontology, Resource:Neuropsychological testing ontology, Resource:Non-Randomized Controlled Trials Ontology, Resource:Nursing Care Coordination Ontology, Resource:Nursing Interventions Classification, Resource:OBD-PKB Interface, Resource:OBO, Resource:OBO Relation Ontology, Resource:OCDM - Ontology of Craniofacial Development and Malformation, Resource:OntoNeuroLOG, Resource:Ontobee, Resource:Ontological Knowledge Base Model for Cystic Fibrosis, Resource:Ontology for Biomedical Investigations, Resource:Ontology for Drug Discovery Investigations, Resource:Ontology for General Medical Science, Resource:Ontology for Genetic Disease Investigations, Resource:Ontology for Genetic Interval, Resource:Ontology for Genetic Susceptibility Factor, Resource:Ontology for MicroRNA Target Prediction, Resource:Ontology for Newborn Screening Follow-up and Translational Research, Resource:Ontology for Parasite LifeCycle, Resource:Ontology of Adverse Events, Resource:Ontology of Alternative Medicine French, Resource:Ontology of Biological and Clinical Statistics, Resource:Ontology of Clinical Research, Resource:Ontology of Core Data Mining Entities, Resource:Ontology of Data Mining Investigations, Resource:Ontology of Experimental Variables and Values, Resource:Ontology of General Purpose Datatypes, Resource:Ontology of Geographical Region, Resource:Ontology of Glucose Metabolism Disorder, Resource:Ontology of Homology and Related Concepts in Biology, Resource:Ontology of Language Disorder in Autism, Resource:Ontology of Medically Related Social Entities, Resource:Ontology of Physical Exercises, Resource:Ontology of Physics for Biology, Resource:Ontology of Pneumology, Resource:Ontology of Vaccine Adverse Events, Resource:Open Biological and Biomedical Ontologies Relationship Types, Resource:Open Provenance Model Vocabulary, Resource:Orphanet Rare Disease Ontology, Resource:PAMGO, Resource:PANTHER, Resource:PATO, Resource:PIDO - Primary Immunodeficiency Disease Ontology, Resource:PO, Resource:POC, Resource:PR, Resource:PRO, Resource:PSI-MOD, Resource:Parasite Experiment Ontology, Resource:Pathbase, Resource:Pathogen Transmission Ontology, Resource:Pathogenic Disease Ontology, Resource:Pathway Analysis Tool for Integration and Knowledge Acquisition, Resource:Pathway Ontology, Resource:Pediatric Terminology, Resource:PharmGKB Ontology, Resource:Pharmacogenomic Relationships Ontology, Resource:Pharmacovigilance Ontology, Resource:PhenX Phenotypic Terms, Resource:PhenomeBLAST Ontology, Resource:Phylogenetic Ontology, Resource:Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Resource:Physician Data Query, Resource:Physico-Chemical Methods and Properties, Resource:Physico-Chemical Process, Resource:Plant Anatomy, Resource:Plant Environmental Conditions, Resource:Plant Metabolic Network, Resource:Plant Structure Development Stage, Resource:Plant Trait Ontology, Resource:Population and Community Ontology, Resource:Porifera Ontology, Resource:Portfolio Management Application, Resource:Protein Modification Ontology, Resource:Protein-Protein Interaction Ontology, Resource:Proteomics Data and Process Provenance Ontology, Resource:Provenance Ontology, Resource:Pseudogene, Resource:QUDT, Resource:Quantitative Imaging Biomarker Ontology, Resource:QuickGO, Resource:RNA Ontology, Resource:Radiology Lexicon, Resource:Randomized Controlled Trials Ontology, Resource:Rat Strain Ontology, Resource:Read Codes Clinical Terms Version 3, Resource:Reference Sequence Annotation, Resource:Regulation of Gene Expression Ontolology, Resource:Regulation of Transcription Ontology, Resource:Reproductive Trait and Phenotype Ontology, Resource:Research Network and Patient Registry Inventory Ontology, Resource:Resource of Asian Primary Immunodeficiency Diseases Phenotype Ontology, Resource:Robert Hoehndorf Version of MeSH, Resource:Role Ontology, Resource:RxNorm, Resource:SBO, Resource:SO, Resource:SPAR - Semantic Publishing and Referencing Ontologies, Resource:STATistics Ontology, Resource:Sage Bionetworks Synapse Ontology, Resource:Sample Processing and Separation Techniques Ontology, Resource:Santa Barbara Coastal Observation Ontology, Resource:Scholarly Ontologies Project, Resource:Semantic DICOM Ontology, Resource:Semantic Types Ontology, Resource:Semantic Web Applications in Neuromedicine (SWAN) Ontology, Resource:Semantic Web for Earth and Environment Technology Ontology, Resource:Semanticscience Integrated Ontology, Resource:Single-Nucleotide Polymorphism Ontology, Resource:Situation-Based Access Control Ontology, Resource:Skin Physiology Ontology, Resource:Sleep Domain Ontology, Resource:Software Ontology, Resource:Solanaceae Phenotype Ontology, Resource:Soy Ontology, Resource:SoyBase, Resource:Soybean Ontologies, Resource:Spatial Ontology, Resource:Spider Ontology, Resource:Student Health Record Ontology, Resource:Subcellular Anatomy Ontology, Resource:Suggested Ontology for Pharmacogenomics, Resource:Surgical Secondary Events, Resource:Symptom Ontology, Resource:SynDB: Synapse DataBase, Resource:Syndromic Surveillance Ontology, Resource:Synthetic Biology Open Language Visual Ontology, Resource:SysMO JERM Ontology of Systems Biology for Micro-Organisms, Resource:Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine - Clinical Terms, Resource:Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine - International Version, Resource:Systems Chemical Biology and Chemogenomics Ontology, Resource:TFClass, Resource:TRANSFoRm Clinical Data Integration Model, Resource:Taxonomic Rank Vocabulary, Resource:Taxonomy for Rehabilitation of Knee Conditions, Resource:Teleost Anatomy Ontology, Resource:Teleost Taxonomy Ontology, Resource:Terminological and Ontological Knowledge Resources Ontology, Resource:Terminology for the Description of Dynamics, Resource:Tick Gross Anatomy Ontology, Resource:Time Event Ontology, Resource:Tissue Microarray Ontology, Resource:Traditional Medicine Constitution Value Set, Resource:Traditional Medicine Meridian Value Sets, Resource:Traditional Medicine Other Factors Value Set, Resource:Traditional Medicine Signs and Symptoms Value Set, Resource:Trait Ontology, Resource:Translational Medicine Ontology, Resource:Tribolium Ontology, Resource:UBERON, Resource:UniProtKB Keywords, Resource:UniProtKB Subcellular Locations, Resource:Units Ontology, Resource:Units of Measurement Ontology, Resource:University of Washington Integrated Brain Project, Resource:Upper-Level Cancer Ontology, Resource:VIVO, Resource:Vaccine Ontology, Resource:Variation Ontology, Resource:Vertebrate Homologous Organ Group Ontology, Resource:Vertebrate Skeletal Anatomy Ontology, Resource:Vertebrate Taxonomy Ontology, Resource:Vertebrate Trait Ontology, Resource:Veterans Health Administration National Drug File, Resource:Vital Sign Ontology, Resource:Vital Signs Ontology, Resource:Web-Service Interaction Ontology, Resource:Wheat Trait Ontology, Resource:XEML Environment Ontology, Resource:Xenopus Anatomy Ontology, Resource:Zebrafish Anatomical Ontology, Resource:eVOC, Resource:eagle-i research resource ontology, Resource:monarch-ontologies, Resource:nmrCV, Resource:suicideo, Resource:suicideonto have the role Ontology


  • Example: Formal Model of Anatomy (FMA)
  • Example: Gene Ontology (GO)
  • Example: Subcellular Anatomy Ontology (SAO)
  • Example: OBO Relations Ontology (OBO-RO)
  • Example: OBO Ontology of Phenotypic Qualities (PATO)
  • Example: BIRNLex
  • Example: Basic Formal Ontology (BFO)
  • Example: Descriptive Ontology for Linguistic and Cognitive Engineering (DOLCE)


Aarnaud, Admin, Memartone, Nifbot2, Yazin

Pages in category "Ontology"

This category contains only the following page.



*Note: Neurolex imports many terms and their ids from existing community ontologies, e.g., the Gene Ontology. Neurolex, however, is a dynamic site and any content beyond the identifier should not be presumed to reflect the content or views of the source ontology. Users should consult with the authoritative source for each ontology for current information.

Facts about OntologyRDF feed
Created11 October 2007  +
CurationStatusuncurated  +
DefinitionIn both computer science and information s In both computer science and information science, an ontology represents a set of concepts within a domain and the relationships between those concepts. It is used to reason about the objects within that domain. Ontologies are used in artificial intelligence, the semantic web, software engineering, biomedical informatics and information architecture as a form of knowledge representation about the world or some part of it. Ontologies generally describe:
  • Individuals: the basic or "ground level" objects
  • Classes: sets, collections, or types of objects
  • Attributes: properties, features, characteristics, or parameters that objects can have and share
  • Relations: ways that objects can be related to one another
  • Events: the changing of attributes or relations
NITRC definition: Controlled, standardized vocabulary that describes objects and the relations between them.
es objects and the relations between them.
ExampleFormal Model of Anatomy (FMA)  +, Gene Ontology (GO)  +, Subcellular Anatomy Ontology (SAO)  +, OBO Relations Ontology (OBO-RO)  +, OBO Ontology of Phenotypic Qualities (PATO)  +, BIRNLex  +, Basic Formal Ontology (BFO)  +, and Descriptive Ontology for Linguistic and Cognitive Engineering (DOLCE)  +
Idbirnlex_2339  +
LabelOntology  +
ModifiedDate21 March 2015  +
SuperCategoryControlled vocabulary  +