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Retina photoreceptor rod cell

Name: Retina photoreceptor rod cell
Description: One of the two photoreceptor cell types of the vertebrate retina. Primarily used in night vision. Rods significantly outnumber cones. The photopigment is in stacks of membranous disks separate from the outer cell membrane. Rods are more sensitive to light than cones, but rod mediated vision has less spatial and temporal resolution than cone vision.
Synonym(s): rod cell, rod, retinal rod photoreceptor
Has role: Intrinsic neuron role
Super-category: Neuron
*Id: nlx_cell_100212
Alternate Id(s): warning.png__err "BAMSC974[[has functional role" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. ]]
Organism: Vertebrata
Link to OWL / RDF: Download this content as OWL/RDF

Soma Specific Properties

Cell Soma Shape: Spherical
Cell Soma Size: Small soma
Soma Location: Retina outer nuclear layer

Dendrite Specific Properties

Dendrite location: Retina outer segment layer
Spine density on dendrites: Smooth
Branching type: unipolar

Axon Specific Properties

Axon myelination: unmyelinated
Axon projection laterality: ipsilateral
Origin of axon: soma
Location of distant axon arborization: Retina outer plexiform layer
Location of local axon arborization: NA

Intrinsic Properties

Neurotransmitter released: Glutamate
Neurotransmitter receptors: From horizontal cells


Notes

This page uses this default form:Petilla_neuron



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*Note: Neurolex imports many terms and their ids from existing community ontologies, e.g., the Gene Ontology. Neurolex, however, is a dynamic site and any content beyond the identifier should not be presumed to reflect the content or views of the source ontology. Users should consult with the authoritative source for each ontology for current information.

Facts about Retina photoreceptor rod cellRDF feed
AxonMyelinationunmyelinated  +
AxonProjectionLateralityipsilateral  +
BranchingMetricsunipolar  +
CellSomaShapeCategory:Spherical   +
CellSomaSizeSmall soma  +
CommentNeed clarification about the receptors. What does "from horizontal cells" mean?
CurationStatusgraph position temporary  +
CuratorMaryann Martone  +
DefinitionOne of the two photoreceptor cell types of One of the two photoreceptor cell types of the vertebrate retina. Primarily used in night vision. Rods significantly outnumber cones. The photopigment is in stacks of membranous disks separate from the outer cell membrane. Rods are more sensitive to light than cones, but rod mediated vision has less spatial and temporal resolution than cone vision. and temporal resolution than cone vision.
DendriteLocationRetina outer segment layer  +
EditorialNotehttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bookshelf/br.fcgi?book=stryer&part=A4603
ExampleImageRetinal Rod cell.jpg  +
Has default formThis property is a special property in this wiki.Petilla neuron  +
Has roleIntrinsic neuron role  +
Idnlx_cell_100212  +
LabelRetina photoreceptor rod cell  +
Located inRetina outer nuclear layer  +
LocationOfAxonArborizationRetina outer plexiform layer  +
LocationOfLocalAxonArborizationNA  +
ModifiedDate30 July 2014  +
NeurotransmitterGlutamate  +
NeurotransmitterReceptorsFrom horizontal cells  +
OriginOfAxonsoma  +
Page has default formThis property is a special property in this wiki.Petilla neuron  +
SpeciesVertebrata  +
SpineDensityOnDendritesSmooth  +
SuperCategoryNeuron  +
Synonymrod cell  +, rod  +, and retinal rod photoreceptor  +
XrefSensory reception role  +