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Thalamus

Name: Thalamus
Description: Subcortical brain region consisting of paired gray matter bodies in the dorsal diencephalon and forming part of the lateral wall of the third ventricle of the brain. The thalamus represents the major portion of the diencephalon and is commonly divided into cellular aggregates known as nuclear groups.(MeSH). The dorsal topographic division of the interbrain. The macrodissected adult human thalamus was clearly illustrated by Vesalius in 1543 and the term as defined here was introduced by His in 1893. It includes the traditional epithalamus, dorsal thalamus, and ventral thalamus of Herrick (1910, pp. 494, 498). Also see Kuhlenbeck (1927, Ch. 9) and Jones (1985, p. 87).
Synonym(s): Parencephalon
Abbreviation: Th
Is part of: Cerebrospinal axis
Super-category: Regional part of brain
*Id: birnlex_954
Defining criteria: topography
Organism: Vertebrata
Link to OWL / RDF: Download this content as OWL/RDF
Neuronames ID ( what's this?): 283
Defining Criteria: topography
Topography defining Criteria: Lies between the interventricular foramen and th eposterior commissure and extends from the third ventricle to the medial border of the powterior limb of the internal capsule, dorsal to the hypothalamic sulcus (Carpenter, Core Text of Neuroanatomy, 3rd ed., 1985, pg. 44).

Categories related to Thalamus

Consciousness

Neurons in Thalamus

Thalamus geniculate nucleus (lateral) interneuron, Thalamus geniculate nucleus (lateral) principal neuron, Thalamus geniculate nucleus (medial) interneuron, Thalamus geniculate nucleus (medial) principal neuron, Thalamus reticular nucleus cell, Thalamus ventroposterior nucleus interneuron, Thalamus ventroposterior nucleus principal neuron are neurons that can be found in Thalamus or its parts.

Axons in Thalamus

Colliculus Inferior GABAergic Principal Cell, Colliculus inferior principal cell, Neocortex primary motor area pyramidal layer 5 corticospinal cell, Olfactory cortex multipolar cell, Retina Giant-Melanopsin Ganglion Cell, Retina ganglion cell are neurons or parts of neurons whose axons can be found in Thalamus or its parts.

Parts of Thalamus

Inferred outgoing projections for Thalamus

The following brain regions receive axons from Thalamus: Central amygdaloid nucleus, Dorsal nucleus of lateral geniculate body, Fastigial nucleus, Parafascicular nucleus, Pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus, Postsubiculum, Visual cortex primary. The statements about these projections are not made on this page, but rather are made on the pages linked here.

Inferred incoming projections for Thalamus

The following brain regions send axons into Thalamus: Fastigial nucleus, Globus pallidus internal segment, Inferior colliculus, Interpositus Nucleus, Lateral mammillary nucleus, Medial mammillary nucleus, Medial parabrachial nucleus, Neocortex, Optic chiasm, Perirhinal cortex of primate of Burwell et al 1995, Postsubiculum, Primary motor cortex, Retina, Rexed lamina V, Rexed lamina X, Ventral pallidum. The statements about these projections are not made on this page, but rather are made on the pages linked here.


  • Abbreviation Source: NeuroNames_abbrevSource


Notes

This page uses this default form:PONS_brain_region

Non structured information for this region can be found https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thalamus



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*Note: Neurolex imports many terms and their ids from existing community ontologies, e.g., the Gene Ontology. Neurolex, however, is a dynamic site and any content beyond the identifier should not be presumed to reflect the content or views of the source ontology. Users should consult with the authoritative source for each ontology for current information.

Facts about ThalamusRDF feed
AbbrevTh  +
AbbrevSourceNeuroNames_abbrevSource  +
Created15 July 2006  +
CurationStatusuncurated  +
DefiningCriteriatopography  +
DefinitionSubcortical brain region consisting of pai Subcortical brain region consisting of paired gray matter bodies in the dorsal diencephalon and forming part of the lateral wall of the third ventricle of the brain. The thalamus represents the major portion of the diencephalon and is commonly divided into cellular aggregates known as nuclear groups.(MeSH). The dorsal topographic division of the interbrain. The macrodissected adult human thalamus was clearly illustrated by Vesalius in 1543 and the term as defined here was introduced by His in 1893. It includes the traditional epithalamus, dorsal thalamus, and ventral thalamus of Herrick (1910, pp. 494, 498). Also see Kuhlenbeck (1927, Ch. 9) and Jones (1985, p. 87). eck (1927, Ch. 9) and Jones (1985, p. 87).
EditorialNotemaybe propose nucleus (part of same functional system) vs region (= groups of nuclei like the thalamus)
Has default formThis property is a special property in this wiki.PONS brain region  +
Idbirnlex_954  +
Is part ofCerebrospinal axis  +
LabelThalamus  +
ModifiedDate25 November 2014  +
NeuronamesLinkhttp://braininfo.rprc.washington.edu/Scripts/hiercentraldirectory.aspx?ID=283  +
Page has default formThis property is a special property in this wiki.PONS brain region  +
SpeciesVertebrata  +
SuperCategoryRegional part of brain  +
SynonymParencephalon  +
TomoDefiningCriteriaLies between the interventricular foramen Lies between the interventricular foramen and th eposterior commissure and extends from the third ventricle to the medial border of the powterior limb of the internal capsule, dorsal to the hypothalamic sulcus (Carpenter, Core Text of Neuroanatomy, 3rd ed., 1985, pg. 44). t of Neuroanatomy, 3rd ed., 1985, pg. 44).
UmlscuiC0039729  +