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Subthalamic nucleus

Name: Subthalamic nucleus
Description: Lens shaped nucleus lying in the subthalamus[1]
Synonym(s): Body of Luys
Abbreviation: STh, STN
Is part of: Basal ganglia, Subthalamus
Has role: Encode decision conflicts during action selections[2]
Super-category: Nucleus of CNS
*Id: nlx_anat_1010002
Organism: Mammal
Link to OWL / RDF: Download this content as OWL/RDF
Cyto-architecture defining Criteria: STN neurons have long sparsely spiny dendrites [3]
Brain regions that send axons into this region: Globus pallidus external segment, Cerebral cortex, Substantia nigra pars compacta, Pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus, Ventral pallidum [4]
Brain regions that receive axons from this region: Globus pallidus internal segment, Substantia nigra pars reticulata [5]

Neurons in Subthalamic nucleus

Subthalamic nucleus principal cell are neurons that can be found in Subthalamic nucleus or its parts.

Inferred outgoing projections for Subthalamic nucleus

The following brain regions receive axons from Subthalamic nucleus: Globus pallidus internal segment. The statements about these projections are not made on this page, but rather are made on the pages linked here.

Inferred incoming projections for Subthalamic nucleus

The following brain regions send axons into Subthalamic nucleus: Ventral pallidum. The statements about these projections are not made on this page, but rather are made on the pages linked here.


References

  1. Larsen M et al. (2004) The anatomy of the porcine subthalamic nucleus evaluated with immunohistochemistry and design-based stereology. Anat Embryol (Berl) 208: 239-47 PubMed
  2. Zaghloul KA et al. (2012) Neuronal activity in the human subthalamic nucleus encodes decision conflict during action selection. J Neurosci 32: 2453-60 PubMed
  3. Afsharpour S (1985) Light microscopic analysis of Golgi-impregnated rat subthalamic neurons. J Comp Neurol 236: 1-13 PubMed
  4. DeVito JL et al. (1980) A horseradish peroxidase study of afferent connections of the globus pallidus in Macaca mulatta. Exp Brain Res 38: 65-73 PubMed
  5. Nauta HJ & Cole M (1978) Efferent projections of the subthalamic nucleus: an autoradiographic study in monkey and cat. J Comp Neurol 180: 1-16 PubMed
  • This visualization was created by the Scalable Brain Atlas group and is based on the Rhesus Monkey - Paxinos et al. 2000

thumbnail.php?template=PHT00&size=L&dim=2d3d&region=STh&type=.png

Notes

This page uses this default form:PONS_brain_region

Non structured information for this region can be found https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subthalamic_nucleus



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*Note: Neurolex imports many terms and their ids from existing community ontologies, e.g., the Gene Ontology. Neurolex, however, is a dynamic site and any content beyond the identifier should not be presumed to reflect the content or views of the source ontology. Users should consult with the authoritative source for each ontology for current information.

Facts about Subthalamic nucleusRDF feed
AbbrevSTh, STN  +
AfferentProjectionsGlobus pallidus external segment  +, Cerebral cortex  +, Substantia nigra pars compacta  +, Pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus  +, and Ventral pallidum  +
CurationStatusuncurated  +
CytoDefiningCriteriaSTN neurons have long sparsely spiny dendrites
DefinitionLens shaped nucleus lying in the subthalamus
EfferentProjectionsGlobus pallidus internal segment  +, and Substantia nigra pars reticulata  +
Has default formThis property is a special property in this wiki.PONS brain region  +
Has roleEncode decision conflicts during action selections  +
Idnlx_anat_1010002  +
Is part ofBasal ganglia  +, and Subthalamus  +
LabelSubthalamic nucleus  +
ModifiedDate2 February 2015  +
Page has default formThis property is a special property in this wiki.PONS brain region  +
SpeciesMammal  +
SuperCategoryNucleus of CNS  +
SynonymBody of Luys  +