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Definition Synonym Comment
1-D extent A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its extension in one dimension. 1-D size
2-D extent A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its extension in two dimensions. 2-D size
2-D shape A shape that inheres in a 2 dimensional entity, such as a cross section or projection of a 3 dimensional entity.
3-D extent A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its extension in three dimensions. 3-D size
A mating type (yeast) A S. cerevisiae mating type cells that secrete a pheromone that in alpha haploids stimulates processes that lead to mating. A
ADP amplitude Amplitude from first AP onset to maximum voltage, typically more depolarized that the resting membrane potential after-depolarization potential amplitude
afterdepolarization potential amplitude
ADP magnitude
ADP amplitude
ADP size
ADP peak amplitude
ADP
NeuroElectro Term 24
ADP duration Duration from first AP onset to maximum ADP after-depolarization potential duration
afterdepolarization potential duration
ADP duration
NeuroElectro Term 25
AHP amplitude Amplitude from first AP onset to minimum voltage, not explicitly fast or slow after-hyperpolarization potential amplitude
afterhyperpolarization potential amplitude
AHP magnitude
AHP amplitude
AHP size
AHP peak amplitude
AHP
NeuroElectro Term 16
AHP duration Time to the maximal afterhyperpolarization following an AP after-hyperpolarization potential duration
afterhyperpolarization potential duration
tamp
AHP dur
AHP peak time
NeuroElectro Term 10
Abaxial to A relational spatial quality in which the bearer entity is away from or on the opposite side of the central axis.
Abnormal atypical
aberrant
defective
Abnormality of the central nervous system An abnormality of the `central nervous system` (FMA:55675).
Abnormality of the nervous system An abnormality of the `nervous system` (FMA:7157). Neurologic abnormalities
Neurological abnormality
Abolished A monadic quality or occurent inhering in a bearer by virtue of its inability to accomplish a biological process. TODO: the definition is incorrect. See absent.
Abrased
Absent from organism Not existent; lacking. absent
absence
Example: ( E=wing Q=absent ) - applies to an organism that lacks wings. Note that this is the reciprocal quality to the relational quality "lacks all parts of type". This means that (E=wing Q=absent) is replaceable with (E=organism Q=lacks_all_parts_of_type E2=Wing). The latter is preferable as it allows greater precision in stating what is lacking from where. E.g. we can say (E=spermatocyte Q=lacks_all_parts_of_type E2=aster) to describe spermatocytes that have no asters
Absolute refractory state A period of time, after the firing of an action potential, where the cell can't fire a subsequent action potential. The mechanism includes the deactivation of sodium channels.
Absorption quality A scalar EM radiation quality which obtains by the capacity of the bearer to absorb radiation.
Accelerated growth A peramorphic growth quality which is due to an increased rate.
Acceleration A physical quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the rate of change of its velocity in either speed or direction.
Access resistance Sum of the electrode resistance and the resistance at the electrode-cell junction access resistance
series resistance
NeuroElectro Term 12
Accumulated Indicates an increased number of objects that implies that the increase is due to a failure to break down or remove extra objects. Need to determine whether this is strictly synonymous with an increase in number. We submitted it to PATO: 3081064
Acidic An acidity inhering in a solution by virtue of its high concentration of H+ ions.
Acidity A quality inhering in an entity by virtue of containing acid (hydrogen ions). pH
Actinodromous A shape inhering in a bearer by virtue of having three or more primary branches diverging radially from a single point.
Actinomorphic A symmetry quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of being capable of division into symmetrical halves by any longitudinal plane passing through the axis.
Action Potential Initiation A process where the membrane voltage at the axon hillock or an equivalent region is raised above the threshold for generating an action potential or spike.
Action potential A large, brief, all-or-nothing, regenerative electrical potential, that propagates along the axon, muscle fiber, or some dendrites. Action potentials are usually generated at the axon hillock and propagate uni-directionally down the axon. Adapted from Nicholls, Martin and Wallace 3rd edition. Firing
Spike
Axonal Action Potential
Action potential characteristic
Activated Microglial activation, e.g., in brain injury, is characterized by enlargement, changes in shape, and increased synthesis of cytokines such as IL-1. There are three subtypes: primed, enlarged, phagocytic
Active having marked activity.
Active dendrite Dendrites with active conductances which can influence the affects of synaptic inputs and are sometimes capable of generating action potentials.
Activity (of a radionuclide) A radiation quality inhering in a radioactive substance by virtue of its transformation (disintegration) rate. radioactivity
Acute Having a sudden onset, sharp rise, and short course.
Acute angle Angular placement that is at an angle which is less than 90 degrees.
Adaptation ratio Ratio of durations between early and late AP inter-spike intervals adaptation percent NeuroElectro Term 27
Adaxial to A relational or spatial quality in which the bearer entity is located on the side nearest to the axis of an organ or organism.
Adenomatous A morphology quality inhering in a tumour by virtue of the bearer's exhbiting the morphological characteristics of a glandular epithelial cell.
Adhesivity An emergent molecular relational quality that arises from the molecular attraction exerted between two entities in contact. stickiness
adhesiveness
The definition is general enough to cover adhesion arising from different kinds of chemical bonding/forces, although for PATO this term will most commonly used for cellular adhesion. See also GO:0031589 "cell-substrate adhesion".
Adolescent A maturity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its being between the onset of puberty and adulthood.
Adult A maturity quality inhering in an individual by virtue of the individual having attained sexual maturity and full growth.
Advanced phase A phase which is earlier than the natural start time. increased incidence
Aerobic A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its dependence on oxygen.
Aerobic (for occurrence) A quality inhering in a biological process by virtue of the process unfolding in a location with oxygen.
African-American Citizens or residents of the United States who have origins in any of the black populations of Africa. In the United States, the terms are generally used for Americans with at least partial Sub-Saharan African ancestry. Most African Americans are the direct descendants of captive Africans who survived the slavery era within the boundaries of the present United States, although some are—or are descended from—immigrants from African, Caribbean, Central American or South American nations. They make up the single largest racial minority in the United States and form the second largest racial group after whites in the United States. (Wikipedia) Black Americans
Afro-Americans
African American
After-potential A transient hyperpolarization or depolarization following the action potential.
Age A time quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of how long it has existed.
Aged A maturity quality inhering in an organism by virtue of the organism having passed sexual maturity and full growth and now being in its later stage of life. This is characterized by changes that happen over time and can include physical, psychological, and social change. elderly
Aggregated Gathered or tending to gather into a mass or whole.
Aggregated (PATO 0001629) Gathered or tending to gather into a mass or whole.
Albedo A reflective quality restricted to a particular wavelength. Typically used for light, but also applied to full EM spectrum.
Aligned with A alignment quality between two entities in which the bearer is in proper spatial positioning with respect to an additional entity. aligned
aligned to
Alignment A relational spacial quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its spatial positioning with respect to an additional entity.
Alive A viability quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its condition before death.
Alkaline An acidity inhering in a solution by virtue of its low concentration of H+ ions.
Allopolyploidy A polyploidy quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of containing chromosomes derived form different species.
Alpha mating type (yeast) A S. cerevisiae mating type cells that secrete a pheromone that stimulates haploids. alpha
Alpha wave an electromagnetic oscillation in the frequency range of 8–12 Hz arising from synchronous and coherent (in phase / constructive) electrical activity. In mammals, thalamic pacemaker cells exhibit alpha oscillations (adapted from Wikipedia). Alpha-wave
Alpha
Alpha oscillation
Alpha activity
Alpha rhythm
Alpha rhythms
Alpha Rhythm Electroencephalography
Alpha Rhythm Encephalography
Alpha Rhythms
ALPHA RHYTHM EEG
EEG ALPHA RHYTHM
Altered number of Having extra or fewer parts.
Alternate placement Placed alternately one above the other.
Alternation Successive change from one thing or state to another and back again.
Amorphous A morphology quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its lacking distinct morphology.
Amount
Amplitude A physical monadic quality of occurent quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the size of its maximum displacement from the 'normal' position, when periodic motion is taking place.
Amylose composition A composition quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the quantities or relative ratios of amylose in the inhering entity.
Anaerobic A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its independence from oxygen.
Anaerobic (for occurrence) A quality inhering in a biological process by virtue of the process unfolding in a location without oxygen.
Anaplastic A morphology quality inhering in a neoplastic cell by virtue of the bearer's exhibiting breakdown of cell-cell interaction maintaining tissue architecture, proliferative dysregulation and bizarre modification to nucleus size and shape.
Anatomical Location Spatial association relationship which describes the containment, adjacency, and anatomical coordinates of physical anatomical entities. Examples: anatomical containment, anatomical adjacency, anatomical coordinate (FMA).
Anatomical Pattern
Aneuploid A ploidy quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of containing a non-integral multiple of the monoploid number, due to extra or missing chromosomes.
Angle
Angular Having several salient angles on the margin.
Angular acceleration A physical quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the rate of change of its angular velocity.
Angular placement A relational spatial quality that is the placement of two entities which is defined by the angle between two axes, or an axis and another object. orientation
angular magnitude
angle
amount of rotation
plane angle
Angular velocity A physical quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the rate of its angular movement about an axis; the angle rotated in a given time.
Anterior to A relational spatial quality where an entity is located toward the front of an organism relative to another entity. preceding
anterior
rostral to
Anterior-posterior diameter Diameter that is along the anterior-posterior axis.
Anterior-posterior polarity Polarity that is along the anterior-posterior axis. rostral-caudal polarity
Anterioralized A malformed quality in which the gross morphology contains only what are normally anterior structures.
Anteriorly rotated
Anterodorsal to A relational spatial quality in which an entity is located toward the front and upper surface of an organism relative to another entity.
Anteroventral to A relational spatial quality where an entity is located toward the front and abdomen of an organism relative to another entity.
Anteverted An oriented quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its axis being positioned forward.
Anucleate A nucleate quality inhering a bearer by virtue of having no nucleus.
Apical-basal polarity Polarity that is along an apical-basal axis.
Aplastic Absence of an organ or tissue coupled with persistence of the organ/tissue primordium, which fails to develop completely. Undeveloped
Aplastic growth Growth quality of occurrent in which the growth of an organism, structure, or group of organisms does not occur. dysgenesis
agenesis
Apoptotic
Arched Forming or resembling an arch.
Area A 2-D extent inhering in a bearer by virtue of its two dimensional extent.
Area density A density quality which is equal to the mass exerting an influence on a given area.
Arrested A duration which ends earlier than the natural end time. incomplete
Arrhythmic Lacking rhythm.
Arrow-shaped Two obtuse triangles with a short side in common. Sagittate Gradually enlarged at the base, like the head of an arrow
Aspiny Dendrite Quality A dendrite characterized by few or no recognizable dendritic spines. aspiny
smooth
Associated with A relational structural quality inhering in a bearer which is in close proximity and physically interacting with another entity. associated
Asymmetrical (PATO 0000616) A symmetry quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of lacking symmetry. asymmetric
asymmetry
Asymmetrical Chemical Synapse Quality Type of chemical synapse characterized by a pronounced and relatively thick post-synaptic density compared to the pre-synaptic specialization giving the junction an asymmetrical appearance. This type of synapse is also characterized by round, clear vesicles in the pre-synaptic terminal. Gray's Type 1 see example at: http://synapse-web.org/anatomy/chemical/asymh.htm
Asymmetrically curved A curvature quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of being curved asymmetrically.
Asynchronous Not occurring or existing at the same time or having the same period or phase.
Atonicity A structural quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its lack of elastic tension that facilitate response to stimuli.
Atresia The absence or closure of a normal body orifice or tubular passage.
Atrophied Partial or complete wasting away of a part of the body. Atrophic
Attached to A relational quality inhering in a bearer which is attached with another entity. affixed to
attached
Attenuate With straight sides converging at the base on an angle of more than 90.
Auditory modality The sensory modality that pertains to the sense of hearing. It usually arises from an audible stimulation of the auditory (hearing) system, such as from a sound.
Auriculate With straight sides converging at the base on an angle of less than 90.
Autofluorescence A fluorescence which is self-induced.
Autopolyploid A polyploidy quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of containing chromosomes derived from a single species.
Auxotroph
Auxotrophic A nutritional quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its inability to synthesize a particular organic compound required for its growth.
Aversion A preference quality of disliking a perceived stimulus.
Axial to A relational spatial quality in which the bearer entity is towards the central axis of the organism or an extremity. axial
Axocruciform Synaptic Configuration Synaptic arrangement where the axon courses orthogonal to and forms a synapse with a portion of dendrite.
Axon Quality Refers to the morphology of an axon.
Back A direction that is similar to the direction of an object to the north when it faces south.
Bacterial mating type A mating type that indicates whether the F plasmid has integrated into the chromosome.
Balance A monadic quality of occurent inhering in a bearer by virtue of being in equilibrium.
Balanced A balance property inhering in a bearer by virtue of its having balance.
Banded When there are transverse stripes of one hue or degree of saturation crossing another.
Bang sensitive A monadic quality of continuant inhering in a bearer by virtue of exhibiting paralytic behavior when subjected to mechanical shock.
Basket Cell Morphology
Behavioral quality A monadic quality of continuant inhering in a bearer by virtue of its behavior.
Behavioral quality of a process A monadic quality of occurrent inhering in a bearer by virtue of its behavior. behavioral quality of occurrent
Bent Shape which has one or more angle(s) in a length of a bearer entity.
Beta wave is the term used to designate the frequency range of brain activity between 12 and 30 Hz (12 to 30 transitions or cycles per second). Beta waves are split into three sections: High Beta Waves (19Hz+); Beta Waves (15-18Hz); and Low Beta Waves (12-15Hz). Beta states are the states associated with normal waking consciousness (adapted from Wikipedia). Beta rhythm
Beta frequency
Beta
Beta oscillation
Bi-directional two directions.
Biconcave A shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of curving inward on both sides or surfaces
Biconvex Convex on both sides or surface.
Bidirectional Two directional
Bidirectional Two directional
Bifurcated A division into two branches.
Bilateral Having or formed of two sides; two-sided.
Bilateral symmetry A symmetry quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of being symmetric about a plane running from its frontal end to its caudal end (head to tail), and has nearly identical right and left halves. left-right symmetry
Binucleate A nucleate quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of having two nuclei.
Biological sex A monadic quality of continuant inhering in an organism by virtue of its being able to undergo sexual reproduction in order to differentiate the individuals or types involved.
Biomaterial purity A composition quality reflecting the homogeneity of a biomaterial.
Bipolar Cell Morphology
Bitufted Two tufts in opposite directions
Black A color that lacks any hues as parts.
Blistered
Blotchy Marked with irregularly shaped spots or blots of a different hue or different degree of saturation. blotched
Blue A color hue with low wavelength of that portion of the visible spectrum lying between green and indigo, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 420 to 490 nanometers.
Blunt Terminating gradually in a rounded end.
Botryoidal Shape that is like the surface of a compact mass of grapes.
Bouton Quality Refers to the morphology of a bouton.
Bracket
Branched (PATO 0000402) Branchiness quality that is having branches.
Branched Anatomical Configuration
Branched Spine Quality Characterized by two or more heads (Harris et. al 1992) that emerge from the same origin (Sorra KE and Harris KM, 2000).
Branchiness Shape quality that is the degree to which there are subdivisions or offshoots in a bearer entity.
Bright brown
Brochidodromous A shape inhering in a bearer by virtue of having secondary branches joined together in a series of promising arches.
Broken
Brood quality A quality inhering to the young of an animal cared for at one time.
Brood size A quality inhering to the young of an animal by virtue of their number. litter size
Brood viability A quality inhering to the young of an animal by virtue of their ability or inability to survive and develop normally.
Brown
Brown green A color consisting of brown and green hues.
Bundled Anatomical Configuration When several members of a class occur tightly apposed to one another or attached to one another in identifiable bundles.
Buoyancy A physical quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its tendency or ability to rise or float in a fluid medium such as water or air.
Calcified A composition quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the quantities or relative ratios of water of the inhering entity.
Capacitence The ability to store charge when a voltage occurs across two ends of a material
Cartilaginous A structural quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its cartilage composition. Cartilage is a type of dense connective tissue. It is composed of specialized cells called chondrocytes (CL:0000138) that produce a large amount of extracellular matrix composed of collagen fibers, abundant ground substance rich in proteoglycan, and elastin fibers.
Caseous A structural quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's resembling cheese. cheeselike
Catalytic (activity) concentration The catalytic activity of the component divided by the volume of the system.
Catalytic activity A physical quality inhering in a catalyst by virtue of the amount of its action.
Caudate Having a tail or tail-like projection. Caudal
Tailed
Cell Body Referent Polarity no def needed
Cell Capacitance Neuron capacitance, typically measured by dividing membrane time constant by membrane resistance Cell_capacitance
Cm
C
capacitance
whole cell capacitance
NeuroElectro Term 1, Note: RM and CM are typically assumed to be linear, steady state properties and thus not influenced by voltage-gated channels. Thus, most measurements of these are via small voltage changes or current injections.
Cell Morphological Quality
Cell diameter Diameter of the cell soma diameter
soma diameter
NeuroElectro Term 11
Cell surface area Cross-sectional area of the cell area
surface area
NeuroElectro Term 15
Cellular adhesivity A cellular quality that exists by virtue of the capacity of the cell to adhere to other cells and molecules, through the emergent action of the molecular parts of the cell.
Cellular morphology characteristic
Cellular motility A cellular spatiotemporal quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its ability to move spontaneously.
Cellular physiology characteristic
Cellular potency
Cellular quality A monadic quality of continuant that exists at the cellular level of organization.
Cellular spatiotemporal quality A spatiotemporal quality inhering to a cell.
Cellularity A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of consisting of cells.
Chandelier Cell Morphology axons forms rows of boutons making symmetric synapses exclusively on axon initial segments
Chemical Synapse Quality
Child
Chromatic property An optical quality that is the mixture, purity, or pattern of wavelengths of light perceived by the observer.
Chronic Having slow progressive course of indefinite duration.
Chronological age Age measured by the time (years and months) something or someone has existed.
Ciliatedness A cellular quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of having thin, tail-like projections extending outwards from the cell body.
Circinate A shape inhering in a bearer by virtue of the edges of its surface are rolled spirally downwards.
Circling A behavioral quality in which an organism moves in a circular course.
Circling direction A direction approximating the shape of a circle.
Circumference The length of the closed curve of a circle.
Cladodromous A shape inhering in a bearer by virtue of having secondary branches freely branching toward the margin.
Clavate Gradually becoming thicker towards the end; club shaped. Club-shaped
Cleft Concave shape that is partially split or divided. Bifid
Closed blocked passage or view.
Closure A morphological quality pertaining to the degree to which an object contains an opening, aperture, orifice, or vent.
Closure incomplete Not completed blocked passage or view.
Clubbed A shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of being gradually enlarged towards one end. For example, platarflexed. This term was moved from "shape" to a kind of "inverted" to better reflect its definition and its current usage (cf Mammalian Phenotype Ontology, MP:0000576 clubbed foot). It is not clear if the term "clubbed" is useful as a general term applicable to any non-foot. The name should probably be changed to better reflect the definition. TODO
Clustered Anatomical Configuration
Co-expression Expression level indicated that two or more signals are expressed together in the same structure
Coarse
Coating
Coiled Curled or wound (especially in concentric rings or spirals). Spiral
helix-shaped
helical
Coiling A shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of being wound in a continuous series of loops.
Cold A temperature which is relatively low.
Collapsed
Color A composite chromatic quality composed of hue, saturation, and intensity parts.
Color brightness A scalar optical property that is the intensity, value or amount of perceived light. color lightness
color intensity
color value
Color brightness refers to the intensity, lightness or value of the light present. Think of this as a dimmer switch.
Color hue A chromatic scalar-circular quality inhering in an object that manifests in an observer by virtue of the dominant wavelength of visible light; may be subject to the fiat divisions, typically into 7 or 8 spectra.
Color pattern A chromatic property that is the relative position of different hues or degrees of saturation.
Color saturation A scalar chromatic property that is the degree of purity of perceived light. Color saturation refers to the amount of white light or gray paint mixed in with the hue (single wavelength) and is a measure of color purity.
Colored Having color. Pigmented
Colorless Lacking color. Unpigmented
Columnar A shape inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being elongated and cylindrical.
Compatibility A quality of having or lacking the ability to harmoniously coexist. Needs redefined or obsoleted. Is this the same as genetic incompatibility? Moved to organismal quality
Compatible A quality of being capable of harmonious coexistence.
Complex A complexity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its being intricate and compounded.
Complexity A monadic quality of continuant inhering in a bearer by virtue of its being intricate and compounded. TODO: obsolete this
Composition A monadic quality of continuant inhering in an object by virtue of the quantities or relative ratios of subparts of the inhering entity. For example calcium composition (which may inhere in bone), haemoglobin composition (which may inhere in blood).
Compound acidity A concentration quality inhering in a compound by virtue of its tendency to act as a hydron donor.
Compressed
Concave A shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of curving inward.
Concave 3-D shape A complete three dimensional shape in which there is a line connecting pairs of points on the object that lies outside of the object. Or a shape with cavities. Contrast: Concave.
Concavity Surface shape that refers to the inward or outward curvature of the surface.
Concentrated Indicates a group of objects exist in a large amount in a particular area.
Concentrated (PATO 0001159) A concentration which is relatively high.
Concentration of A physical quality inhering in a substance by virtue of the amount of it there is mixed with another substance. concentration
Condensed (PATO 0001485)
Condensed Mitochondrial Quality Morphological state characterized by a contracted matrix and expanded intracristal space; observed experimentally when added ADP is used up (Mannella et al., 2001).
Conductance Measure of how easily electricity flows along a certain path through an electrical element. The SI derived unit of conductance is the siemens.
Conduction The transmission of an entity through a medium. Examples could be heat or electricity or sound.
Conduction failure A failure of the action potential to propagate down the axon.
Conductivity A physical quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's ability to transmit of an entity through a medium.
Configuration Refers to a specialized arrangements of a cellular component or other structure that is characteristic of a given region, e.g., bundled microtubules.
Congested
Conical A convex 3-D shape that resembles a cone (a 3-D shape with a round cross section that tapers).
Consistency A physical quality that inheres in a continuant by virtue of density, firmness, or viscosity.
Conspicuous A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its being clearly visibile.
Conspicuousness A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its visibility. This term was created as a grouping term for the 2 terms "conspicuous" and "inconspicuous". However, it is not clear if these terms should even remain in PATO
Constricted
Consumption quality A relational quality of occurrent inhering in a bearer by virtue of its ability to consume a resource. propensity to consume
Continuous Uninterrupted in time, sequence, substance, or extent. uninterrupted
Contractile A contractility quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its ability of contracting or being contracted.
Contractility A monadic quality of continuant inhering in a bearer by virtue of its ability to shrink or contract.
Convex A shape quality that obtains by virtue of having inward facing edges; having a surface or boundary that curves or bulges outward, as the exterior of a sphere.
Convex 3-D shape A complete three dimensional shape in which for every line connecting a pair of points on the object is within the object. Or: a shape lacking cavities. Contrast: concave. Use this term or an is_a child of this term when the entire shape of the object is known
Convex angle Angular placement that is at an angle which is less than 180 degrees.
Convolute A shape inhering in a bearer by virtue of one edge of its surface being wholly rolled up in another.
Count
Count in organism The number of entities of this type that are part of the whole organism. presence
presence or absence in organism
count
quantitative
amount
This term was originally named "presence". It has been renamed to reduce ambiguity. Consider annotating with the reciprocal relation,PATO:0001555, has_number_of. For example, rather than E=fin ray Q=count in organism C=10, say E=organism Q=has number of E2= fin ray C=10
Craspedodromous A shape inhering in a bearer by virtue of having secondary branches terminating at the margin.
Crescent-shaped A shape produced when a circular disk has a segment of another circle removed from its edge, so that what remains is a shape enclosed by two circular arcs of different diameters which intersect at two points (usually in such a manner that the enclosed shape does not include the center of the original circle). lunate
bow-shaped
Cristae Quality Refers to the morphology of mitochondrial cristae.
Critical period a limited time in which an event can occur, usually to result in some kind of transformation; in developmental psychology and developmental biology, it is a time in the early stages of an organisma's life during which it displays a heightened sensitivity to certain environmental stimuli, and develops in particular ways due to experiences at this time.
Cross Section Diameter Major Maximum diameter of a cross section through structure, assumed to be the maximum diameter in the case of spherical structures like vesicles. Use this field when entering only a single cross section value where the structure is assumed to be spherical.
Cross Section Diameter Minor Minimum diameter of a cross section through structure.
Crowded A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of being overfilled.
Cuboid A convex 3-D shape that resembles a cube (a 3-D shape with a square cross section). Cuboidal
Cuneate Narrowly triangular, wider at the apex and tapering toward the base. Wedge-shaped
Curled A shape or quality of having parallel chains in undulate fashion on the border.
Current carrier Current carrier molecule
Charge carrier
Charge carrier molecule
Curvature A shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the curving of a line or surface.
Curved A curvature quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of having or marked by a curve or smoothly rounded bend. bowing
curled
Curved caudal A curvature quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of being curved towards the part of the body from which the tail arises. Curved Posterior
Curved dorsal A curvature quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of being curved towards the back or upper surface of an organism.
Curved lateral A curvature quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of being curved towards the side.
Curved rostral A curvature quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of being curved towards the front of an organism. Curved anterior
Curved ventral A curvature quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of being curved towards the abdomen of an organism.
Cuspidate Tapering gradually into a rigid point.
Cut Regularly divided by deep incisions.
Cyan A color consisting of green and blue hue.
Cylindrical A convex 3-D shape that has a consistently-sized round cross section. tubular
rod-shaped
tubulate
Cystic Cystic is an abnormal condition.
Damage
Damaged
Dappled A color pattern inhering to a bearer by virtue of being marked with small spots, patches, or specks of hue or degree of saturation differing from that of the background. blotched
Dark blue A color consisting of blue hue and low brightness.
Dark brown
Dark cyan A color consisting of cyan hue and low brightness.
Dark green A color consisting of green hue and low brightness.
Dark grey A color consisting of grey hue and low brightness.
Dark magenta A color consisting of magenta with low brightness.
Dark orange A color consisting of orange color and low brightness.
Dark pale pink Pink color having medium brightness and low saturation. pale pink
Dark phase The dark cycle phase.
Dark purple A color consisting of purple color and low brightness.
Dark red A color consisting of red hue and low brightness.
Dark red brown
Dark violet A color consisting of violet hue and low brightness.
Dark yellow A color consisting of yellow hue and low brightness.
Dead A viability quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the cessation of its life.
Decayed A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its decomposition into component parts.
Deciduous (generic) A disposition to shed body parts.
Deciduous (plant) A disposition inhering in a plant to shed foliage.
Decreased
Decreased Area An area which is relatively low.
Decreased Osmolality Osmolality which is relatively low. low osmolality
Decreased acidity An acidity which is relatively low. low acidity
Decreased age An age which is relatively low. low age
Decreased circumference A circumference which is relatively low.
Decreased co-expression
Decreased coiling A coiling which is relatively low. low coiling
Decreased concentration A concentration which is relatively low. low concentration
Decreased consumption A consumption which is relatively low. low consumption
decreased propensity to consume
Decreased contractility A contractility which is relatively low. low contractility
Decreased curvature A curvature which is relatively low.
Decreased density A density which is relatively low. low density
Decreased depth A depth which is relatively low. low depth
Decreased diameter A diameter which is relatively low.
Decreased distance A distance which is lesser relative to the normal or average. short distance
Decreased distribution A distribution which is relatively low low ditribution
Decreased duration of temperature A duration of temperature which is lesser relative to the normal or average enduring or continuing in time.
Decreased elevation An elevation which is relatively low. low elevation
Decreased expression Expression that is decreased relative to a control group at a significance level generally of p</=0.05 or at the accepted significance level of a given study. Down-regulated
Down regulated
Down-regulated expression
Down regulated expression
Decreased fatigability A fatigability which is relatively low. Low fatigability
Decreased fecundity A fecundity which is relatively low. low fecundity
Decreased female fertility A female fertility which is relatively low. low female fertility
Decreased female receptivity A female receptivity which is low. low female receptivity
Decreased fertility A fertility which is relatively low. low fertility
Decreased flexibility A flexibility which is relatively low. low flexibility
Decreased flow A flow that is relatively low. low flow
Decreased fluorescence A fluorescence which is lower than normal. low fluorescence
Decreased frequency A frequency that is relatively low. infrequent
low frequency
Decreased functionality Disfunctional quality which is a decreased ability to perform a regular function(s). low functionality
partial functionality
Having decreased function
Decreased height A height which is relatively low. short
Decreased intensity Having intensity which is relatively low. low intensity
Decreased length A length which is relatively small. short
shortened
stubby
Decreased life span A life span which is relatively low. low life span
Decreased magnetism A magnetism which is relatively low. low magnetism
Decreased magnitude low magnitude
Decreased male fertility A male fertility which is relatively low. low male fertility
Decreased male receptivity A male receptivity which is low. low male receptivity
Decreased mass A mass which is relatively low. small mass
low mass
Decreased number
Decreased occurrence An occurence which is relatively low. decreased incidence
Decreased odor An odor quality of having decreased odor.
Decreased osmolarity An osmolarity which is relatively low. low osmolarity
Decreased perimeter A perimeter which is relatively low.
Decreased period A period which is relatively low. low period
shortened period
Decreased permeability
Decreased photosensitivity A photosensitivity which is relatively low. low photosensitivity
Decreased position A position which is relatively low low position
Decreased pressure A pressure which is relatively low. low pressure
Decreased radioactivity A radioactivity which is relatively low. low radioactivity
Decreased rate A rate which is relatively low. slow rate
Decreased relaxation A relaxation which is relatively low. Low relaxation
Decreased resistance to A resistance to a stimulus which is relatively low. decreased resistance
low resistance to
Decreased sensitivity of occurrent A sensitivity of occurrent which is lower than normal/average. low sensitivity of occurrent
Decreased sensitivity of occurrent to oxygen A sensitivity of occurent to oxygen which is lower than normal/average. low sensitivity of occurrent to oxygen
Decreased sensitivity to irradiation A sensitivity to irradiation which is low. low sensitivity to irradiation
Decreased sensitivity toward A sensitivity toward an external stimulus which is lower than normal/average. low sensitivity toward
decreased sensitivity
Decreased size A size which is lesser relative to the normal or average. aplasia/hypoplasia
small
underdeveloped
tiny
Decreased solubility A solubility which is relatively low. low solubility
Decreased speed A speed which is relatively low. slow speed
slow
Decreased strength A strength which is relatively low. weak
Decreased susceptibility toward A susceptibility toward an external stimulus which is lower than normal/average. low susceptibility toward
decreased susceptibility
Decreased temperature A temperature which is lesser relative to the normal or average temperature. low temperature
Decreased thickness A thickness which is relatively low. Thin
Low thickness
Decreased threshold A threshold which is relatively low. low threshold
Decreased time A time which is relatively low. slow time
Decreased tonicity A tonicity which is relatively low. low tonicity
Decreased turgor
Decreased variability A variability which is relatively low. low variability
Decreased variability of color A variability of color which is relatively low. low variability of color
Decreased variability of rate A variability of rate which is relatively low. low variability of rate
Decreased variability of size A variability of size which is relatively low. Low variability of size
Decreased variability of temperature Variation of temperature which is relatively low. low variability of temperature
Decreased viscosity A viscosity which is relatively low. low viscosity
Decreased volume A volume which is relatively low. small volume
low volume
Decreased weight A weight that is relatively low. light weight
low weight
Decreased wetness A wetness that is relatively low. Low wetness
Decreased width A width which is relatively low. Narrow
Decurrent Prolongued below the point of insertion.
Decussate A spatial pattern consisting of paired parts that alternately cross each other. intersecting
crosscutting
intercrossing
Deep Extending well inward from an outer surface.
Deep pink Pink color having medium brightness and moderate saturation.
Defasciculated
Deformed Distorted in form. Distorted
Disfigured
Degenerate
Degeneration Structure which deteriorates or is lost over time. Neurodegeneration
Dehydrated The removal of water from an entity. dry
Delaminated
Delayed A duration which starts later than the natural start time. late
Delayed phase A phase which starts later than the natural start time.
Delta wave is a high amplitude brain wave with a frequency of 1–4 hertz which can be recorded with an electroencephalogram (EEG) and is usually associated with slow-wave sleep. Delta wave activity occurs most frequently during stage N3 slow-wave sleep, accounting for 20% or more of the EEG record during this stage. These waves are believed to originate in the thalamus in coordination with the reticular formation (adapted from Wikipedia). Delta oscillation
Delta
Delta Rhythm
Delta activity
Demyelinated
Dendrite Quality Characterization based on high or low density of classical spines on dendrites.
Dendritic A shape inhering in a bearer by virtue of having smaller branches arising from larger branches. Resembling a tree in branching structure. Dendroid
Dendriform
Dendroidal
Dense A physical quality which inheres to the bearer by virtue of some influence exerted by its mass.
Density
Density (PATO 0001019) A physical quality which inheres to the bearer by virtue of some influence exerted by its mass.
Dentated Having toothlike projections in the margin. toothed
Dentate
Depth A 1-D extension downward or backward or inward.
Desaturated blue A color consisting of blue hue and low saturation.
Desaturated brown
Desaturated cyan A color consisting of cyan color and low saturation. Pale cyan
Desaturated green A color consisting of green hue and low saturation. Pale Green
Desaturated magenta A color consisting of magenta color and low saturation. Pale Magenta
Desaturated orange A color consisting of orange hue and low saturation.
Desaturated purple A color consisting of purple hue and low saturation. pale purple
Desaturated red A color consisting of red hue and low saturation. pale red
Desaturated violet A color consisting of violet hue and low saturation. pale violet
Desaturated yellow A color consisting of yellow hue and low saturation. pale yellow
Detached from A relational attachment quality inhering ina bearer by virtue of lacking connection or association with another entity. detached
Deviation(from normal)
Diameter A quality which is equal to the length of any straight line segment that passes through the center of a circle and whose endpoints are on the circular boundary.
Diastatic Separation of normally joined parts, such as the separation of adjacent bones without fracture of certain abdominal muscles during pregnancy.
Differential expression Expression that is increased or decreased relative to a control group at a significance level of p</=0.05.
Differentiated A cellular quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its stable specialization to a particular cell type.
Diffuse A spatial pattern (2D or 3D) marked by lack of continuous borders or boundaries; spread out over a large region of the bearer entity. scattered
Digitate Having distinct parts arising from a common point or center.
Dilated Made wider or larger in all dimensions.
Diluted A concentration which is relatively low.
Diploid A ploidy quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of having two copies (homologs) of each chromosome, usually one from the mother and one form the father. The exact number may be one or two different from the 2n number and still be classified as diploidy (although with aneuploidy). Nearly all mammals are diploid organisms, although all individuals have some small fracton of cells that are polyploidy.
Direction The orientation of a line in space. TODO: consider merging with angular placement
Disassembled
Discoid Cylindrical, in which the height is less than the diameter. Disc-shaped
Discolored Altered or spoiled in color.
Discontinuous Marked by breaks or interruptions. intermittent
interrupted
Discriminate A discrimination quality of being capable of perceiving differences between two or more stimuli.
Discrimination A quality of perceiving differences between two or more stimuli. discriminative stimuli
Disfunctional A functionality quality which is a decreased ability or inability to perform a regular function(s). dysfunction
dysfunctional
lacks function of type
Disheveled In disarray, extremely disorganized.
Dislocated Put out of usual or proper place or position. Dislocation
Displaced
Disomy An aneuploidy quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of containing only two chromosomes from a pair in a cell's nucleus. For diploid organisms, such as humans, it is the normal condition, whilst for organisms that are normally triploid or above, disomy is an aneuploidy.
Disorganized
Disoriented An orientation quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its lacking orientation
Dispersed Distributed or spread over a considerable extent.
Disposition (PATO 0001727) A prevailing tendency, mood, or inclination.
Disposition to shed A prevailing tendency to lose an entity by natural processes.
Disrupted A quality of a single process inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being interrupted of its normal course.
Dissociated from A relational quality inhering in a bearer lacking physically interaction with another entity. dissociated
Dissolved A quality inhering in an bearing by virtue of passing into solution.
Distal End no def needed
Distal to A relational spatial quality where an entity is located further from a more centrally located entity. distal
Distance The extent of space between two objects or places.
Distance From Soma Distance, usually in linear microns, from soma where a feature is observed.
Distended Abnormally expanded or increased in size. Expanded
Distichous When several things are arranged in two rows, the one opposite the other.
Distributed Spatial pattern which is spread out or scattered about or divided up.
Distribution
Domed A curvature quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of having a shape resembling a dome.
Dorsal to A relational spatial quality where an entity is located toward the back or upper surface of an organism relative to another entity. Superior to
dorsal
Dorsal-ventral polarity Polarity that is along the dorsal-ventral axis.
Dorsalized A malformed quality in which the gross morphology contains only what are normally dorsal structures.
Dorsally rotated
Dorso-ventrally flattened Flattened along dorso-ventral axis
Down A direction from a higher point to a lower point.
Drooping To bent or hang downwards. sagging
Dry UA wetness quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of not being covered by a liquid.
Dumbbell-shaped Having two parts, roughly spherical, connected by a bar.
Duplicated To make an exact copy of; to double; make twofold.
Duration A process quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's magnitude of the temporal extent between the starting and ending point. time
period
Duration of disease A duration of an impairment of health or of a condition of abnormal functioning.
Duration of temperature Duration of a system's exhibition of thermal energy. TODO: obsolete? I don't know what this means
Dwarf A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of being abnormally small.
Dysplastic
Dystonicity A structural quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its impaired elastic tension that facilitate a response to stimuli.
Dystrophic A size quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of being abnormally developed, usually due to malnutrition. Dystrophic
Dystrophied
Early adult young adult
Early elderly Recommend that we delete this term, as I doubt it can be defined or applied appropriately.
Early infant
Early newborn
Edematous
Edibility A physical quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer being fit to be eaten. edibleness
Elastic An elasticity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its capability to recover its size and shape after deformation in any way.
Elasticity A physical quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its capability to recover its size and shape after deformation in any way.
Elderly Maturity level at which an organism is near or has surpassed the average life span of an organism aged
old
geriatric
senior
I looked at several definitions of elderly, but couldn't find one that I thought captured the sense we need for all organisms. So this is my definition.
Electric potential A quality that is equal to the potential energy per unit charge associated with a static (time-invariant) electric field, also called the electrostatic potential.
Electrical conduction The movement of electrically charged particles through a transmission medium (electric conductor).
Electromagnetic (EM) radiation quality A quality that inheres in an object by virtue of how that object interacts with electromagnetic radiation.
Electromotive force A source of electrical potential, suh as an ionic gradient. emf
electromotance
Electron-dense The quality of being relatively impermeable to the electron beam of an electron microscope
Electrotonic conduction The passive spread of voltage changes between different regions of the neuronal membrane.
Electrotonic potential a passive or analog electrical potential, that decays in space and time according to the time and space constants. subthreshold potential
Electrotonus Passive spread of charge within a neuron.
Elevation The vertical distance of a point above or below a reference surface.
Elliptic Oval which has two axes of symmetry, as produced by conical suction. ellipsoid
ovoid
ellipse-shaped
elliptical
oval
Elongated A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its length being notably higher than its width.
Embryogenesis The development of an organism between fertilization and birth.
Embryonic A maturity quality inhering in an organism by virtue of the organism being in its early stages of development, prior to birth or hatching.
En Passant Bouton Quality
End-plate potential synaptic potential recorded from the muscle cells. EPP
muscle potential
Endopolyploid A polyploidy quality inhering in a bearer whose chromosome number has been increased by endomitosis and for which the degree of polyploidy is proportional to the number of times endomitosis has taken place.
Energy A physical quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its capacity to do work.
Epinastic A downward bending of leave or other plant parts.
Equilibrium potential The specific membrane potential for a given ion species at which the electrical force, due to the charge on the membrane is equal and oppositely directed to the chemical driving force resulting from the concentration gradient, so that no net movement of charge occurs. Nernst potential
Reversal potential
Erect Upright in position or posture.
Erose Having an irregularly toothed edge.
Ethnicity A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships. (MSH); A social group characterized by a distinctive social and cultural tradition maintained from generation to generation, a common history and origin and a sense of identification with the group; members of the group have distinctive features in their way of life, shared experiences and often a common genetic heritage; these features may be reflected in their experience of health and disease. (NCI); Ethnicity - an arbitrary classification of the social group a person belongs to, and either identifies with or is identified with by others, as a result of a complex of cultural, biological, geographical and other factors such as linguistic, dietary and religion traditions; ancestry, background, allegiance, or association; and physical characteristics traditionally associated with race. Increasingly the concept is used synonymously with race but this use trend has a pragmatic basis rather than scientific. (NCI); The concept of ethnic origin is an attempt to classify people, not according to their current ethnicity, but according to where their ancestors came from. Ethnic origin has become a popular classification in statistics, where the concept of race has been largely discarded. (from Wikipedia) (NCI); a group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships. (CSP)
Euploid A ploidy quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of containing an integral multiple of the monoploid number, possibly excluding the sex-determining chromosomes.
European American A person who resides in the United States and is either from Europe or is the descendant of European immigrants or founding colonists. Spanish Americans are the earliest European American group, with a continuous presence since 1565. Overall, as the largest group, European Americans have the lowest poverty rate and the second highest educational attainment levels, median household income, and median personal income of any racial demographic in the nation. (Wikipedia) Euro-American
European-American
Event related potential The recorded electrical responses from nerve, muscle, SENSORY RECEPTOR, or area of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM following stimulation. They range from less than a microvolt to several microvolts. The evoked potential can be auditory (EVOKED POTENTIALS, AUDITORY), somatosensory (EVOKED POTENTIALS, SOMATOSENSORY), visual (EVOKED POTENTIALS, VISUAL), or motor (EVOKED POTENTIALS, MOTOR), or other modalities that have been reported. Often used synonymously to event-related potentials which are associated with higher level cognitive processes. ERPs
Evoked potential
Evergreen (plant) A disposition inhering in a plant to retain foliage.
Everted An oriented quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of being turned outward in placement.
Evoked Excitatory post synaptic potential An EPSP that was evoked by an action potential invading a presynaptic axon. This is as opposed to a spontaneous EPSP. Evoked EPSP
Evoked inhibitory postsynaptic potential An IPSP that is the result of an action potential invading a presynaptic inhibitory axon, as opposed to a spontaneous IPSP Evoked inhibitory post synaptic potential
Evoked inhibitory post-synaptic potential
evoked IPSP
Evoked potential The recorded electrical responses from nerve, muscle, SENSORY RECEPTOR, or area of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM following stimulation. They range from less than a microvolt to several microvolts. The evoked potential can be auditory (EVOKED POTENTIALS, AUDITORY), somatosensory (EVOKED POTENTIALS, SOMATOSENSORY), visual (EVOKED POTENTIALS, VISUAL), or motor (EVOKED POTENTIALS, MOTOR), or other modalities that have been reported. Often used synonymously to event-related potentials which are associated with higher level cognitive processes. Event Related Potentials
Excitatory Said of a neuron, synapse, or synaptic potential that produces depolarization of the postsynaptic cell.
Excitatory post synaptic potential A temporary change in postsynaptic membrane potential, usually a depolarization, resulting from presynaptic release of neurotransmitter. This is usually due to the flow of positively charged ions into the postsynaptic cell, but can also be due to a reduction in negatively charged ionic current or the turning off of a potassium current. An EPSP generally increases the likelihood of action potential discharge in the postsynaptic neuron. In common usage, the EPSP typically refers to an evoked EPSP. Excitatory post-synaptic potential
Excitatory postsynaptic potential
GO Biological process lists EPSP as a synonym of "Regulation of excitatory post synaptic potential". I don't think that's correct, so I included it here. MM, The GO definition is incorrect, in physics the increase of an electrical potential means that the potential difference between positive and negative sides is larger, at rest of a neuron this means a hyperpolarization or a decrease of postsynaptic potential, not an increase, as asserted by GO. I have edited the definition for accuracy. AB
Expression level
Exserted protruding or projecting from the body. Prolapse
Prolapsed
External angle Convex angle that is formed by one side of a polygon and a line extended from an adjacent side.
Extra or missing physical and functional parts
Extra or missing processual parts A relational quality of occurrent inhering in a bearer by virtue of its processual parts.
F mating type A bacterial mating type that indicates the presence of the F plasmid in a bacterial cell.
F minus mating type A bacterial mating type indicating the absence of F plasmid in a bacterial cell. F-
Fasciated Abnormally flattened or coalesced.
Fascicled
Fasciculated
Fasciculation
Fast afterhyperpolarization amplitude Amplitude from first AP onset to minimum voltage, explictly refered to as fast fAHP size
fAHP amp
fAHP amplitude
fast AHP amplitude
fast AHP size
NeuroElectro Term 19
Fast afterhyperpolarization duration Duration from first AP onset to minimum voltage, explictly refered to as fast fAHP duration
fAHP time
fast AHP duration
fast AHP time
NeuroElectro Term 20
Fast potential A class of synaptic potential that persists over the millisecond time scale. Typical fast potentials have direct mechanisms such as activation of transmitter-gated ion channels. The term is found in older electrophysiology literature.
Fatigability A strength quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its tendency to lose strength.
Fecundity The potential reproductive capacity of an organism or population, measured by the number of gametes.
Female A biological sex quality inhering in an individual or population that only produces gametes that can be fertilized by male gametes.
Female fertile A female fertility quality of being capable of initiating, sustaining, or supporting reproduction.
Female fertility A fertility quality of the female initiating, sustaining, or supporting reproduction.
Female pseudohermaphrodite A biological sex quality inhering in an individual or population by virtue of having internal reproductive organs of female and external sexual characteristics of male.
Female receptivity A relational behavioral quality which holds by virtue of the receptiveness of a female to male advances.
Female semi-fertile
Female semi-sterile
Female sterile A female fertility quality of being incapable of initiating, sustaining, or supporting reproduction. female infertile
Fenestrated A shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's delimited by a surface with holes.
Fertile A fertility quality of being capable of initiating, sustaining, or supporting reproduction.
Fertility A quality of initiating, sustaining, or supporting reproduction.
Filamentous (PATO 0001360) Having thin filamentous extensions at its edge.
Filamentous Molecular Configuration Having a thread-like quality; consisting of filaments.
Filopodial Spine Quality Dendritic specialization that is typically long and has a darker cytoplasm than spines. Additionally, filopodia usually end in a pointy rather than a bulbous head, and can be much longer than mature dendritic spines.
First spike latency Duration to first AP following a depolarizing current step of fixed amplitude; Time lag between the start of the input to a neuron or model of a neuron and the occurance of the first action potential. 1st AP time
spike latency
NeuroElectro Term 28
Flaky
Flat A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of having a horizontal surface without a slope, tilt, or curvature.
Flattened Vesicle Quality Characterized by a flattened shape in glutaraldehyde fixed tissue.
Flavor A relational quality inhering in an object or the molecules of an object, in which the molecules are perceived by taste and odorant receptors.
Flavourful A quality of having flavor.
Flavourless A quality of lacking flavor.
Flexibility A physical quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its capability of being turned, bowed, or twisted without breaking.
Flexible A physical quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its ability of being turned, bowed, or twisted without breaking. bendy
Flow The motion characteristics of fluids (liquids and gasses).
Fluorescence Luminosity in which the bearer emits longer wavelength light following the absorption of shorter wavelength radiation; fluorescence is common with aromatic compounds with several rings joined together.
Fluorescent A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of emitting light during exposure to radiation from an external source.
Flux A physical quality that exists by virtue of the rate of flow of energy or particles across a given surface.
Folded A shape in which one part of the bearer object is layered over another connected part.
Force A physical quality inhering in an object affecting its acceleration.
Forward scatter Light scattering occurring at a wide angle (around 90 degrees) to the incident beam.
Fractured
Fragile
Fragility
Fragmented Broken into pieces Submitted to PATO. Tracker ID: 3081058
Frequency A physical quality which inhers to the bearer by virtue of the number of repetitive actions in a particular time.
Front A direction that is similar to the direction of an object to the south when it faces north.
Frozen A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of being kept below its freezing point.
Full-spectrum EM radiation quality An EM radiation quality that is independent of the EM wavelength range.
Functional A functionality quality which is an ability to perform a regular function(s).
Functional Qualities for Microglia Terms to describe the functional state of microglia. We are not sure this is exactly how to solve this issue. Do we want this to be a state quality?
Functional Quality for Microglia Terms to describe the functional state of microglia. We are not sure this is exactly how to solve this issue. Do we want this to be a state quality?
Functionality Quality of a single entity which is an ability or inability to perform a regular function(s).
Furrowed
Fused Vesicle Quality Synaptic vesicle that is fused to the pre-synaptic membrane, forming the characteristic omega profile. Omega profile
Fused with A relational structural quality inhering in a bearer which is merged with another entity. merged with
fused
joined with
Fusiform Cell soma shape where the soma that tapers at both ends. Spindle-shaped
Fusiform Soma Quality
Gamma wave is a pattern of brain waves, with a frequency between 25 to 100 Hz, though 40 Hz is prototypical. According to a popular theory, gamma waves may be implicated in creating the unity of conscious perception (aka the binding problem) (adapted from Wikipedia). Gamma-wave
Gamma
Gamma oscillation
Gamma activity
Gamma rhythm
Gamma rhythms
Fast oscillation
40 Hz
Gaseus configuration A physical quality inhering in an entity by virtue of its parts having the arrangement which exhibits characteristics of gasses. gas
Generator potential A graded response to a stimulus, or a graded depolarization induced in the terminal of a sensory receptor, which after achieving a certain level, is capable of producing an action potential in the afferent axon in the nearby sensory neuron
Gigantic A size which is many folds greater relative to the normal average. giant
Glabrous
Glistening Reflecting lots of light.
Globular Molecular Configuration Globe-shaped; having the form of a ball or sphere.
Glutinous Having negligible or no amylose content.
Granular A composition quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of containing granules.
Granule Small, generally round or drop-like shape that is densely packed together with many other cells Granule Soma Quality
Granule Cell Morphology small numerous cell
Greasy
Green A color hue with medium-wavelength of that portion of the visible spectrum lying between yellow and blue, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 490 to 570 nanometers.
Grey A color between white and black colors.
Growth quality of occurrent Quality of occurrent which distributes the growth of an organism, structure, or group of organisms. growth timing quality
Growth rate
Gustatory modality The gustatory modality is the sensory modality pertaining to the sense of taste or flavor. It usually but not always arises through stimulation of the gustatory system (e.g., tastebuds, nasal receptors).
H minus A S. pombe mating type determined by the mat1-Mc and mat1-Mi on the mat1 locus. H-
M
H plus A S. pombe mating type determined by mat1-Pc and mat1-Pi on the mat1 locus. H+
P
Hairy
Half Life Measure of turnover.
Haplodiploid A diploidy quality inhering in a bearer in which one of the sexes has haploid cells and the other has diploid cells.
Haploid A ploidy quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of containing a single set of homologous chromosomes.
Hard A hardness quality of being rigid and resistant to pressure. tough
impenetrable
Hardness A physical quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its capability of being turned, bowed, or twisted without breaking . toughness
impenetrability
Has extra parts of type The bearer of this quality has part > n of the indicated entity type, where n is the normal amount for a comparable organism. Note that the bearer of the quality is the whole, not the part. having supernumerary physical parts
has increased number of
having extra physical parts
increased number of
has extra parts of
In polydactyly, the bearer of the quality is the hand, and the entity type being counted is 'finger'. In EQ syntax, E=hand, Q=<this> E2=finger.
Has fewer parts of type The bearer of this quality has part < n AND has part > 0 of the indicated entity type, where n is the normal amount for a comparable organism. Note that the bearer of the quality is the whole, not the part. Formally: if a bearer entity e has fewer parts of type X at time t, then the number of instances x of X at t such that x part of e is < n, where n is either the normal number for comparable entities, or n is stated explicitly. has decreased number of
decreased number of
has fewer physical parts of type
Example: (E=hand Q=has_fewer_parts_of_type E2=digit) - applies to an organism that has no less fingers than is normal for organisms of that type.
Has normal numbers of parts of type The bearer of this quality has part=n, where n is the normal amount for a comparable organism. Note that the bearer of the quality is the whole, not the part. having physical part
Has number of The number of parts of a particular type that the bearer entity has. This is a relational quality, and thus holds between two entities: the bearer of the quality, and the type of parts. number
has or lacks parts of type
extra or missing physical or functional parts
cardinality
mereological quality
Having decreased function
Having decreased physical parts
Having decreased processual parts A relational quality of occurrent inhering in a bearer by virtue of having fewer processual parts.
Having extra function A functionality quality which is an ability to perform additional or different tasks. Having supernumerary functions
Having extra physical parts
Having extra processual parts A relational quality of occurrent inhering in a bearer by virtue of having additional processual parts. having supernumerary processual parts
Heart shaped With a sinus or rounded lobe at the base; having the shape of a heart. Cordiform
Cordate
Heat conduction The spontaneous transfer of thermal energy through matter, from a region of higher temperature to a region of lower temperature. thermal conduction
Height A 1-D extent quality which is equal to the vertical dimension of extension.
Hemorrhagic A structural quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's exhibiting excessive discharge of blood from the blood vessels.
Hermaphrodite A biological sex quality inhering in an individual or population with both male and female sex organs in one individual. intersex
Herniated Of or relating to a bodily structure that has protruded through an abnormal opening in the wall that contains it.
Heterochronic A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its origin or development at an unusual time or out of the regular sequence.
Heterochronic growth Growth quality of occurrent in which the growth of an organisms, structure, or group of organisms has a reduced or increased outcome.
Heterophilic A cellular adhesivity quality inhering in a molecule in one cell by virtue of its attachment to a nonidentical molecule in an adjacent cell.
Hexaploid A polyploidy quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of containing four homologous sets of chromosomes.
High brightness Color brightness which is of high value. light
High frequency recombinant A bacterial mating type that indicates the F plasmid has integrated into the chromosome. Hfr
High saturation Color saturation which is of high purity. shiny
bright
vivid
Homophilic A cellular adhesivity quality inhering in a molecule in one cell by virtue of its attachment to an identical molecule in an adjacent cell.
Horizontal The soma has a wider center region than the fusiform cell type but is clearly not pyramid-shaped. Horizontal Soma Quality
Horizontal (PATO 0001855) A placement quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of being in the plane of the horizon.
Horizontal Cell Morphology
Horizontal neuronal orientation
Hot A temperature which is relatively high.
Hydrocephalic
Hydrophilic A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of having a strong affinity for water; tending to dissolve in, mix, or be wetted by water.
Hydrophilicity A physical quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of whether it has an affinity for water, it is readily absorbing or dissolving in water.
Hydrophobic A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of lacking affinity for water; tending to repel and not absorb water, tending not to dissolve in or mix with or be wetted by water.
Hydrophobicity A physical quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of whether it is water-repellent; tending to repel and not absorb water.
Hyperactive A quality of occurrent inhering in a bearer by virtue of its exhibiting increased activity.
Hypermorphic growth A peramorphic growth quality which is due to a delayed offset.
Hyperphosphorylated Molecular Quality
Hyperplastic Proliferation of cells within an organ or tissue beyond that which is ordinarily seen. overdeveloped
Hyperresponsive to A response quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its excessive reaction to a stimulus or an agent. hyperresponsive
increased responsivity
Hypertonia Hypertonicity
Increased muscle tone
Hypertrophic An increased size quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its exhibiting enlargement of a cell of constituent group of cells (for example, organ). Hypertrophy
Hypertrophic growth
Hypoactive A quality of occurrent inhering in a bearer by virtue of its exhibiting reduced activity.
Hypoplastic Underdevelopment or incomplete development of a tissue or organ. Hypoplasia
Underdeveloped
Hyporesponsive to A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its limited reaction to a stimulus or an agent. hyporesponsive
decreased responsivity
Hypotrophic A decreased size quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its exhibiting reduced size of a cell or constituent group of cells (for example, organ). Shrunken
Hypotrophic growth
Ictal A physiological state which is characterized by periods of high-frequency high amplitude electrical activity in neuronal tissue.
Immature A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of lacking complete growth, differentiation, or development. underdeveloped
Immobile A mobility quality of being incapable to move freely. fixed
Immortal capable of indefinite growth or division.
Imperforate
Impermeable
Impulse A physical quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the change in its momentum.
In contact with A relational structural quality inhering in a bearer that is touching another entity. contiguous
Inactive Lacking activity.
Incompatible A quality of being incapable of harmonious coexistence.
Inconspicuous A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of not being clearly visible.
Increased
Increased Area An area which is relatively high.
Increased Osmolality Osmolality which is relatively high. high osmolality
Increased acidity An acidity which is relatively high. High acidity
Increased age An age which is relatively high. high age
Increased circumference A circumference which is relatively high.
Increased co-expression
Increased coiling A coiling which is relatively increased. high coiling.
Increased concentration A concentration which is relatively high. High concentration
Increased consumption A consumption which is relatively high. high consumption
increased propensity to consume
Increased contractility A contractility which is relatively high. high contractility
Increased curvature A curvature which is relatively high.
Increased density A density which is relatively high. high density
Increased depth A depth which is relatively high. high depth
Increased diameter A diameter which is relatively large.
Increased distance A distance which is greater relative to the normal or average. long distance
Increased distribution A distribution which is relatively high. high distribution
Increased duration of temperature A duration of temperature which is greater relative to the normal or average in respect to the quality of temperature of enduring or continuing in time. high duration of temperature
Increased elevation An elevation which is relatively high. high elevation.
Increased expression Expression that is increased relative to a control group at a significance level generally of p</=0.05 or at the stated accepted value within a given study. Up-regulated
Upregulated
Up-regulated expression
Upregulated expression
Increased fatigability A fatigability which is relatively high. High fatigability
Increased fecundity A fecundity which is relatively high. high fecundity
Increased female fertility A female fertility which is relatively high. high female fertility
Increased female receptivity A female receptivity which is high. high female receptivity
Increased fertility A fertility which is relatively high. high fertility
Increased flexibility A flexibility which is relatively high. high flexibility
Increased flow A flow that is relatively high. high flow
Increased fluorescence A fluorescence which is higher than normal. high fluorescence
Increased frequency A frequency that is relatively high. high frequency
frequent
Increased functionality Functionality which is an increased ability to perform a regular function(s). High Functionality
Increased height A height which is relatively high. tall
Increased intensity Having intensity which is relatively high. high intensity
Increased length A length which is relatively large. long
Increased life span A life span which is relatively high. high life span
Increased magnetism A magnetism which is relatively high. high magnetism
Increased magnitude high magnitude
Increased male fertility A male fertility which is relatively high. high male fertility
Increased male receptivity A male receptivity which is high. high male receptivity
Increased mass A mass which is relatively high. large mass
high mass
Increased number
Increased occurrence An occurence which is relatively high. increased incidence
Increased odor An odor quality of having increased odor.
Increased osmolarity An osmolarity which is relatively high. high osmolarity
Increased perimeter A perimeter which is relatively high.
Increased period
Increased permeability
Increased photosensitivity A photosensitivity which is relatively high. high photosensitivity
Increased position A position which is relatively high. high position
Increased pressure A pressure which is relatively high. high pressure
Increased radioactivity A radioactivity which is relatively high. high radioactivity
Increased rate A rate which is relatively high. high rate
fast rate
Increased relaxation A relaxation which is relatively high. High relaxation
Increased resistance to A resistance to a stimulus which is relatively high. increased resistance
high resistance to
Increased sensitivity of occurrent A sensitivity of occurrent which is higher than normal/average. high sensitivity of occurrent
Increased sensitivity of occurrent to oxygen A sensitivity of occurent to oxygen which is higher than normal/average. high sensitivity of occurrent to oxygen
Increased sensitivity to irradiation A sensitivity to irradiation which is relatively high. high sensitivity to irradiation
Increased sensitivity toward A sensitivity toward an external stimulus which is higher than normal/average. high sensitivity toward
increased sensitivity
Increased size A size which is greater relative to the normal or average. large
great
big
enlarged
Increased solubility A solubility which is relatively high. high solubility
Increased speed A speed which is relatively high. fast speed
high speed
Increased strength A strength which is relatively high. high strength
Increased susceptibility toward A susceptibility toward an external stimulus which is higher than normal/average. low susceptibility toward
decreased susceptibility
Increased temperature A temperature which is greater relative to the normal or average temperature. high temperature
Increased thickness A thickness which is relatively high. Thick
Thickened
High thickness.
Increased threshold A threshold which is relatively high. High threshold
Increased time A time which is relatively high. high time
fast time
Increased tonicity A tonicity which is relatively high. high tonicity
Increased turgor
Increased variability A variability quality which is relatively high. high variability
Increased variability of color A variability of color which is relatively high. High variability of color
Increased variability of rate A variability of rate which is relatively high. high variability of rate
Increased variability of size A variability of size which is relatively high. high variability of size
Increased variability of temperature Variability of temperature which is relatively high. high variability of temperature
Increased viscosity A viscosity which is relatively high. high viscosity
Increased volume A volume which is relatively high. low volume
high volume
Increased weight A weight that is relatively high. heavy weight
high weight
Increased wetness A wetness that is relatively high. High wetness
Increased width A width which is relatively high. Broad
Wide
Indented Nucleus Quality Nucleus with one or more indentations in the nuclear membrane.
Indifference A preference quality of having no preference to a perceived stimulus.
Indiscriminate A discrimination quality of being incapable of perceiving differences between two or more stimuli.
Inelastic An elasticity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its inability to recover its size and shape after deformation in any way.
Infant A maturity quality inhering in an organism that has passed the newborn stage extending to a period after birth where the organism is in an immature state and still in the earliest period of life.
Infiltrative A structural quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's penetrating or permeating another substance or area. infiltrating
Inflexible A physical quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its inability of being turned, bowed, or twisted without breaking. stiffness
stiff
Inhibitory A synapse in which an action potential in the presynaptic cell reduces the probability of an action potential occurring in the postsynaptic cell.
Inhibitory postsynaptic potential A temporary change in postsynaptic membrane potential, resulting from presynaptic release of neurotransmitter that has the effect of moving the membrane potential farther from threshold, reducing the probability of transmitter release, or limiting the effectiveness of excitatory inputs. Typically this is an increase in postsynaptic potential, or hyperpolarization, but depolarizing or nonpolarizing potentials can also be considered inhibitory if they reduce the likelihood of action potential firing. Hyperpolarization can be the result of several types of ionic changes including an increase of negative charged ions into the cell, an increase in positively charged ions out of the cell, or a decrease of positively charged ions into the cell. Normally, Chloride is the negative charge carrier and the activation of chloride conductances underlies an inhibitory postsynaptic potential. Inhibitory post-synaptic potential
IPSP
Inhibitory post synaptic potential
Input Resistance Input resistance at steady-state (steady-state of voltage response to current injection) Rin
RN
Maximum Rin
Rinput
Rin
RN
NeuroElectro Term 2
Insensitive toward A quality of lacking sensitivity toward an external stimulus. resistant
insensitive
Inserted into A relational spatial quality in which the bearer entity becomes joined together with an additional entity. inserted
introduced into
Insoluble in A solubility quality that arises from the inability of a substance to dissolve in a liquid. insoluble
Insomnia A sleep pattern quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its inability to sleep.
Insufficient Lacking enough functionality. Inadequate
Insusceptible toward A quality of lacking susceptibility toward an external stimulus. insusceptible
Intensity A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of possessing or displaying a distinctive feature in type or degree or effect or force.
Interdigitated A shape in which parts or projections are interlocked; for example, the fingers of two hands that are clasped.
Internal angle Convex angle that is inside two adjacent sides of a polygon.
Interoceptive modality The interoceptive modality is the sensory modality that pertains to the sense of interoception, or internal sensations.
Intrasonic A sound frequency in the range of 0-20 Hz.
Introverted An oriented quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of being turned inward upon itself. For example, a tubular organ or part.
Invaginated A shape quality in which a portion of the outermost boundary of an entity folds in space such that a portion that was originally convex is now concave.
Invariant A variability quality in a bearer by virtue of lacking or not exhibiting variation. Constant
Uniform
Invariant color A variability quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of lacking or not exhibiting variation of color.
Invariant shape A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of lacking or not exhibiting variation of shape.
Invariant temperature A variability quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of lacking or not exhibiting variation of temperature.
Inverted An oriented quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of being reversed in position, order, or condition. backward
reversed
Involute A shape inhering in a bearer by virtue of the edges of its surface are rolled inwards spirally on each side.
Ipsilateral to A relational spatial quality in which the bearer entity is on the same side in relation to another structure. ipsilateral
Irregular
Irregular duration A duration which has irregular start and/or end times.
Irregular rhythm A rhythm quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of lacking pattern.
Irregular sleep pattern A sleep pattern which has irregular start and/or end times.
Irregular spatial pattern A spatial pattern in which the magnitude of or the relationships between the repeated parts lack consistency.
Irregular thickness A thickness which lacks pattern.
Isometrical Having equal dimensions or measurements.
Juvenile A maturity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of not being fully grown or developed and that has not reached sexual maturity.
Kinked Bent shape which consists of multiple angles in a length of a bearer entity. twisted
tightly curled
Lack of fertily in offspring A fertility quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of making its offspring sterile. grandchildless
Lacking function
Lacking physical part
Lacking processual parts A relational quality of occurent inhering in a bearer by virtue of its lacking a processual part as specified by the additional entity.
Lacks all parts of type A relational quality in which the bearer entity has no parts of the specified type. The bearer of this quality has part=0 of the indicated entity type, where a comparable organism usually has at least 1 part of the same type. Note that the bearer of the quality is the whole, no the part. Formally: if a bearer entity e lacks all parts of type X at time t, then there exists no instances x of X at t such that x part of e. Example: (E=organism Q=lacks_all_parts_of_type E2=Wing) - applies to an organism that has no wings, where wings are normally present in that organism type. In OWL this is equivalent to a restriction on the OBO_REL:has_part relation with cardinality=0, i.e has_part 0 E2.
Lacks all physical parts of type A relational quality of continuant inhering in a bearer by virtue of its lacking a physical part as specified by the additional entity.
Lacks parts or has fewer parts of type The bearer of this quality has part < n of the indicated entity type, where n is the normal amount for a comparable organism. Note that the bearer of the quality is the whole, not the part. Formally: if a bearer entity e has fewer parts of type X at time t, then the number of instances x of X at t such that x part of e is < n, where n is either the normal number for comparable entities, or n is stated explicitly. This case includes the limit case, where the bearer lacks all parts of the specified type.
Lamellar Cristae Quality Refers to cristae with a flattened, extended appearance.
Laminar A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's processing the form of a thin plate sheet or layer.
Lanceolate Shaped like a lance-head, considerably longer than wide, tapering towards the tip from below the middle; attached at the broad end. Spear-shaped
Large soma A large soma, defined relative to the brain.
Larval A maturity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its indirect development, undergoing metamorphosis.
Late adult
Late elderly
Late infant
Late newborn
Latency The time that elapses between a stimulus and the response to it.
Lateral and rotational curvature
Lateral to A relational spatial quality where an entity is located toward the side relative to another entity. lateral
Lateralized Moved or displaced to one side so as to make lateral.
Laterally compressed Flattened along transverse axis.
Leakage conductance The total conductance of a population of resting ion channels.
Left A direction that is similar to the direction of an object to the north when it face east.
Left side of A relational spatial quality where an entity is located on the left side of/from another entity.
Length
Length (PATO 0000122) A 1-D extent quality which is equal to the distance between two points.
Lethal (sensu genetics) A viability quality inhering in a bearer or a population by virtue of the bearer's inability to survive and develop normally or the long term survival inability of a given population.
Lethargic A behavioral quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of being deficient in alertness or activity.
Lewy Body Quality Labels that refer to the morphological characteristics of a Lewy Body.
Life span A time quality which is the expected maximum age.
Light blue A color consisting of blue hue and high brightness.
Light brown
Light cyan A color consisting of cyan hue and high brightness.
Light deep pink Pink color having high brightness and moderate saturation.
Light green A color consisting of green hue and high brightness.
Light grey A color consisting of grey hue and high brightness.
Light magenta A color consisting of magenta color and high brightness.
Light orange A color consisting of orange hue and high brightness.
Light phase The light cycle phase.
Light purple A color consisting of purple color and high brightness.
Light red A color consisting of red hue and high brightness.
Light red brown
Light violet A color consisting of violet hue and high brightness.
Light yellow A color consisting of yellow hue and high brightness.
Lilac purple color which has low saturation and low brightness.
Limaciform Resembling a slug.
Linear Narrow, with the two opposite margins parallel.
Linear density A linear quality which is equal to the mass exerting an influence on a one-dimensional object.
Liquid configuration A physical quality inhering in an entity by virtue of its parts having the arrangement which exhibits characteristics of liquids. Liquid
Lobate A shape quality in which the bearer has deeply undulating edges forming lobes.
Lobed Partly divided into a determinate number of regions.
Lobulated Nucleus Quality Nucleus with heavily indented nuclear membrane, giving the appearance of one or more lobes.
Localised Placement which is confined or restricted to a particular location.
Longitudinal Anatomical Orientation Oriented parallel to the long axis.
Loose Regular spatial pattern which is not compact or dense in arrangement.
Looseness
Loud A sound amplitude which is high.
Low brightness Color brightness which is of low value. dark
Low saturation Color saturation which is of low purity. pale
dull
Lumenized See GO term: GO:0031974 membrane-enclosed lumen (DEF:"The enclosed volume within a sealed membrane or between two sealed membranes.").
Luminance The luminous intensity per unit area projected in a given direction.
Luminous flux A scalar optical quality which obtains by the magnitude of the light emitted by the bearer.
Magenta A color consisting of red and blue hues.
Magnetic A magnetic quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its ability to exert magnitism.
Magnetism A physical quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its ability to exert an attractive or repulsive force on other entities.
Magnitude
Male A biological sex quality inhering in an individual or population whose sex organs only contain male gametes.
Male fertile A male fertility quality of being capable of initiating, sustaining, or supporting reproduction.
Male fertility A fertility quality of the male initiating, sustaining, or supporting reproduction.
Male pseudohermaphrodite A biological sex quality inhering in an individual or population by virtue of having internal reproductive organs of male and external sexual characteristics of female.
Male receptivity A relational behavioral quality which holds by virtue of extent of receptiveness of a male to female advances.
Male semi-fertile
Male semi-sterile
Male sterile A male fertility quality of being incapable of initiating, sustaining, or supporting reproduction. male infertile
Malformed Distorted during formation. Malformation
Maroon A color consisting of purple and brown hue.
Mass A physical quality that inheres in a bearer in proportion to the amount of matter it contains.
Mass density A density quality which is equal to the mass exerting an influence on a given volume.
Mating type
Matted
Mature A maturity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of exhibiting complete growth, differentiation, or developement.
Maturity A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of whether it exhibits complete growth, differentiation, or development.
Measurement
Medial to A relational spatial quality where an entity is located toward the middle relative to another entity. medial
Medium acidity A concentration quality inhering in a medium by virtue of its tendency to hydronate a specific reference base.
Medium soma A medium sized soma, defined relative to the brain.
Membrane potential A quality inhering in a cell's plasma membrane by virtue of the electric potential difference across it.
Microtubule Polarity no def needed
Middle adult Should 'middle aged' be considered a synonym?
Middle elderly
Middle infant
Middle newborn
Mild Less than moderate in type or degree or effect or force.
Mild increased temperature A temperature which is increased by a low degree.
Miniature end-plate potential The same shape as, but much smaller than, the end plate potentials caused by stimulation of the presynaptic cell. They are considered as evidence for the quantal release of neurotransmitters at chemical synapses, a single miniature end plate potential resulting from the release of the contents of a single synaptic vesicle MEPP
Minus To Plus no def needed
Misaligned with An alignment quality between two entities in which the bearer is in improper spatial positioning with respect to an additional entity. misaligned
unaligned with
Miscibility A quality of a liquid to mix with (dissolve in) another liquid.
Misfolded Molecular Quality Pertains to formation of protein aggregates. There are varying degrees of "misfolded".
Mislocalised Placement which is in an abnormal location. Mislocalized
ectopic
Mislocalised anteriorly Mislocalised which is towards the front of an organism.
Mislocalised dorsally Mislocalised which is towards the back or upper surface of an organism.
Mislocalised laterally Mislocalised which is towards the side of an organism.
Mislocalised medially Mislocalised which is towards the middle of an organism.
Mislocalised posteriorly Mislocalised which is towards the rear of an organism.
Mislocalised ventrally Mislocalised which is towards the abdomen of an organism.
Misrouted A mistakenly taken course, way, or passage; ill-routed.
Mitochondrial Quality Refers to the morphology of mitochondria.
Mixed sex A biological sex quality inhering in a population of multiple sexes. For example a mixture of females and male or males and hermaphrodites.
Mobile A mobility quality of being capable to move freely.
Mobility A quality of moving freely.
Moderate Having average or less than average quality.
Moderate increased temperature A temperature which is increased by a medium degree.
Molar mass A physical quality that inheres in a homogeneous substance containing 6.02 x 10^23 atoms or molecules.
Molar volume A physical quality of the amount of 3-dimensional space a homogenous substance containing 6.02 x 10^23 atoms or molecules occupies.
Molecular Configuration
Molecular Quality Descriptive terms pertaining to molecular qualities.
Momentum A physical quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its velocity multiplied by its mass.
Monadic quality of continuant
Monadic quality of occurrent
Mono-colored A color pattern inhering to a bearer by virtue of having one hue.
Mononuclete A nucleate quality inhering a bearer by virtue of having one nucleus
Monophasic Having only one phase or stage.
Monoploid A ploidy quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of containing a single set of unique homologous chromosomes.
Monosomy An aneuploidy quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of containing only one chromosome from a pair in a cell's nucleus.
Monstrous Malformed by virtue of all-encompassing, grotesque morphological defects.
Morbidity A quality inhering in a population by virtue of the proportion of its members that are ill at a given time.
Morphological Quality
Morphology A quality inhering in the bearer by virtue of its size, shape, and structure. Cognitive Atlas Definition=(linguistics) the study of the structure and content of word forms; (biology) the study of the form or shape of an organism or part thereof; (materials science), the study of shape, size, texture and phase distribution of physical objects.
Mosaic trisomy A trisomy quality inhering in a bearer where extra chromosomal material exists in only some of the organism's cells.
Mosaicism A quality where an individual has two or more cell populations that differ in genetic makeup. this situation can affect any type of cell, including blood cells, gametes (egg and sperm cells), and skin. Heterogeneity
Motley A color pattern inhering to a bearer by virtue of having 3 or more hues or degrees of saturations.
Movement quality A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its participation in movement.
Mucoid Consistency of mucus.
Multi-cellular organismal disposition A disposition inhering in a multi-cellular organism.
Multi-colored A color pattern inhering in a bearer by virtue of having two or more hues or degrees of saturation.
Multi-localised A density which is relatively low.
Multicellular A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of consisting of more than one cell.
Multinucleate a nucleate quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of having more than one nucleus.
Multipolar Three or more primary dendrites in multiple directions Multipolar soma quality
Multipotent Cellular potency that is the capacity to form multiple differentiated cell types.
Mushroom Spine Quality Characterized by the diameter of the head being much greater than that of the neck (Harris et. al 1992).
Mutated
Narcolepsy A sleep pattern quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its disrupted sleep during normal sleeping period; often accompanied by cataplexy, sleep paralysis.
Necessary (continuant) A necessity quality of continuant inhering in a bearer by virtue of being essential or indispensable.
Necessary (occurent) A necessity quality (occurent) inhering in a bearer by virtue of it being essential or indispensable.
Necessity (continuant) A monadic quality of continuant inhering in a bearer by virtue of whether it is essential or indispensable.
Necessity of occurent A monadic quality of occurent inhering in a bearer by virtue of whether it is essential or indispensable.
Necrotic A structural quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's undergoing unprogrammed cell death.
Neotenous growth A paedomorphic growth quality which is due to a reduced rate. neotenic growth
Nerve conduction The movement of ions through a cell.
Netted Covered with reticulated lines of a different hue or degree of saturation.
Neural encoding The process by which a neuron translates physical energy of a stimulus into electrical activity representing features of the stimulus
Newborn A maturity quality inhering in an organism that has just been born extending to a period after birth where the organism is in an immature state. Neonate
Nitrated Molecular Quality Combined, or impregnated, with nitric acid, or some of its compounds.
No change in expression Expression that has not reached a significance level generally of p</=0.05 or the stated accepted significance level of a particular study relative to a control group. No change
Nodular A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearers's consisting a knot-like mass
Non-contractile A contractility quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its inability of contracting or being contracted.
Non-deciduous (any body part) Lacking disposition to shed any body part.
Non-functional Disfunctional quality which is an inability to perform regular function(s). functional failure
failure
Non-glutinous Having a high amount of amylose content.
Non-ictal A physiological state which is characterized by normal electrical activity in neuronal tissue.
Non-magnetic A magnetic quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its inability to exert magnitism.
Non-progressive Not increasing over time.
Nonactivated A microglia that is not activated.
Nonporous
Nonsynaptic conduction current flow through an area of postsynaptic membrane that surrounds a region containing synaptically activated ion channels.
Normal average
healthy
control
typically developing
normal control
healthy control
Notched Concave shape which is a V-shaped cut.
Nucleate quality A cellular quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its number of nuclei.
Nucleus Quality The shape of the nucleus, e.g., round, lobulated, indented
Nutritional quality
Obese The quality of being morbidly overweight
Oblate A spheroid in which the equatorial diameter is greater than the polar diameter. Oblate Spheroid
Oblong Having a somewhat elongated form with approximately parallel sides.
Obovate Egg-shaped and flat, with the narrow end attached to the base.
Obstructed To block or fill (a passage) with obstacles or an obstacle.
Obtuse Roundish, a little inclining to be oblong. Roundish
Obtuse angle Angular placement that is at an angle which is more than 180 degrees.
Occurrence quality A monadic quality of occurrent inhering in a bearer by virtue of its occurence. incidence
temporal
Ochre A moderate yellow-orange to orange color.
Odor A relational quality inhering in an object by virtue of the molecules being aerially dispersed and perceived by an odorant receptor.
Odorless A quality of lacking odor.
Odorous A quality of having odor.
Old An age which is relatively high.
Olfactory modality The olfactory modality is the sensory modality pertaining to the sense of smell. It usually but not always arises from the stimulation of the olfactory system by chemicals.
Oligopotent Cellular potency that is the capacity to form multiple differentiated cell types of a specific lineage and lack self-renewing capacity Less potent than multipotent, often thought of as precursor or progenitor cell status.
Ontogenesis
Opacity An optical quality which obtains by virtue of the ability of the bearer to absorb visible light.
Opaque Not clear; not transmitting or reflecting light or radiant energy. cloudy
clouding
non-transparent
Open Affording unobstructed passage or view.
Opposite A positional quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being positioned on opposite sides on the same plane.
Optical quality An EM radiation quality in which the EM radiation is within the fiat range of the spectrum visible deemed to be light.
Orange A color hue with high-medium wavelength that of that portion of the visible spectrum lying between red and yellow, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 585 to 620 nanometers.
Orbicular Perfectly circular.
Organismal quality A quality that inheres in an entire organism or part of an organism.
Organized
Orientation Refers to the "entities of reference" (FMA). Location may be defined by qualitative coodrinates or absolute coordinates.
Oriented Placement that is the location of an entity relative to an axis.
Orthodox Mitochondrial Quality Morphological state characterized by an expanded matrix space and contracted intracristal space; observed experimentally when ADP is added (Mannella et al., 2001).
Oscillation A set of repeating waves or measurements. vibration
Osmolality Amount of osmoles of soluter per kg of solvent.
Osmolarity Amount of osmoles of solute per liter of solution.
Ossified A structural quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of being hardened by the deposition of calcium into bone.
Oval Generally rounded shape, where the minimum and maximum dimensions produce a roughly egg-shape. Oval Soma Quality
Ovate Shape which is a continuous convex surface with an axis of symmetry and one axis longer than the other; egg-shaped. Ovoid
Egg-shaped
Oval
Overdeveloped
Overlap with Coincide spatially, partially, or wholly with another entity. overlap
Oxidized Molecular Quality
Paedomorphic growth A heterochronic growth quality in which the growth of an organism, structure, or group of organisms has a reduced outcome. pedomorphic growth
hypoplastic growth
Pale brown
Pale pink Pink color having high brightness and low saturation.
Paleopolyploid A polyploidy quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of having an ancient polyploid ancestor.
Parallelodromous A shape inhering in a bearer by virtue of having two or more parallel primary branches originate beside each other and converge apically.
Paralysed A behavioral quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of beign affected by paralysis.
Partial trisomy A trisomy quality inhering in a bearer where part of an extra chromosome is attached to one of the other chromosomes, or if one of the chromosomes has two copies of parts of its chromosomes.
Partially dislocated A positional quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being slightly out of its usual or proper place, or position. subluxation
Partially paralysed A functionality quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of not being completely paralysed.
Passive Receiving or subjected to an action without responding or initiating action in turn.
Patchy Marked by, consisting of, or diversified with patches.
Pathological Abnormal and having a destructive effect on living tissue.
Pattern
Pear-shaped The shape of a pear on the cell body.
Pedicellate A relational attachment quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of having or being supported by a pedicel or pedicle.
Pedunculated Spine Quality Type of spine characterized by a narrow neck of varying length attached to an expanded head (Jones and Powell 1969). It appears from the core:definition given by these authors that the thin and mushroom shaped categories are both included as subclasses of pedunculated. May need to do more reading to determine whether this should be a parent of mushroom and thin.
Pentaploid A polyploidy quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of containing five homologous sets of chromosomes.
Peramorphic growth A heterochronic growth quality in which the growth of an organism, structure, or group of organisms has an increased outcome. hyperplastic growth
Perfoliate
Perforated
Perimeter A 2-D extent quality which is equal to the distance around a given two-dimensional object.
Period An amount of time.
Peripheral A positional quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being at the edge or boundary of a related entity.
Permeability
Permeable
Permeable (PATO 0000982)
Persistence Repetitiveness of rhythm.
Phase
Phenotype A (combination of) quality(ies) of an organism determined by the interaction of its genetic make-up and environment that differentiates specific instances of a species from other instances of the same species. (adapted from OBI)
Phenotypic abnormality A phenotypic abnormality. Organ abnormality
Phenotypic sex
Phosphorescence A fluorescence in which the emittence continues after absorption has ceased.
Phosphorylated Molecular Quality Indicates a phosphate (PO4) added to protein molecule or small molecule.
Photoinsensitive A photosensitivity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its lacking photosensitivity. photoresistant
Photosensitive A photosensitivity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its exhibiting photosensitivity.
Photosensitivity A quality inhering to the bearer by virtue of its sensitivity to the action of radiant energy.
Phototoxic Redndering the skin susceptible to damage by light.
Physical object quality A quality which inheres in a continuant. quality of an object
quality of a continuant
Physical quality A quality that exists through action of continuants at the physical level of organization.
Physical quality of a process
Physiological state A monadic quality of occurrent inhering in a bearer by virtue of the state of its mechanical, physical, and biochemical processes.
Pilosity
Pink Red color having medium to high brightness and low to moderate saturation.
Pinnate Having leaflets or leaflet-like structures on each side of a common axis. featherlike
Of a leaf shape
Pleomorphic (PATO 0001356) A shape quality inhering in a cell by virtue of its ability to take on two or more different shapes during its life cycle.
Pleomorphic Vesicle Quality Characterized by many shapes in glutaraldehyde fixed tissue.
Ploidy A cellular quality defined by the number of homologous sets of chromosomes in the nucleus or primary chromosome-containing compartment of the cell, each set essentially coding for all the biological traits of the organism.
Pluripotent Cellular potency that is the capacity to produce differentiated cell types of all three primary germ layers but not extraembryonic cell types.
Plus To Minus no def needed
Pointleted Terminating abruptly in a little point.
Polarity TBD. general term
Polarity (PATO 0001769) Placement that is the location of features or characteristics along an axis. Cellular polarity
Polyphasic Having or existing in many phases.
Polyploid A ploidy quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of containing more than two homologous sets of chromosomes.
Population Quality Descriptive terms pertaining to a population of objects.
Population quality
Population quality (PATO 0002003)
Porosity
Porous
Position A spatial quality that an object has by virtue of its spatial location relative to other objects in the vicinity. location
placement
Postdisplaced growth A paedomorphic growth quality which is due to a delayed onset.
Posterior to A relational quality where an entity is located toward the rear of an organism relative to another entity. caudal to
posterior
Posterioralized A malformed quality in which the gross morphology contains only what are normally posterior structures.
Posteriorly rotated
Posterodorsal to A relational spatial quality in which an entity is located toward the rear and upper surface of an organism relative to another entity.
Posteroventral to A relational spatial quality in which an entity is located toward the rear and abdomen of an organism relative to another entity. caudal to
Power A physical quality inhering in an object by virtue of the rate of doing work.
Predisplaced growth A peramorphic growth quality which is due to an earlier onset. precocious growth
Preference A discrimination quality of liking a perceived stimulus.
Premature A duration which starts earlier than the natural start time. early
precocious
Prepubescent A maturity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its being at the age immediately before puberty.
Prepupal A maturity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its being in an inactive stage in the development of some insects, between the larval and the pupal stages.
Present in fewer numbers in organism An amount which is relatively low decreased number
decreased amount
decreased
reduced
subnumerary
Present in greater numbers in organism An amount which is relatively high. increased number
increased
accessory
supernumerary
Present in normal numbers in organism
Present in organism Present
Pressure A physical quality that inheres in a bearer in proportion to the amount of force per unit area it exerts.
Process quality A quality which inheres in a process. Quality of a process
Quality of occurrent
Quality of process
Progenetic growth A paedomorphic growth quality which is due to an earlier offset.
Progressive Increasing over time.
Prolate A spheroid in which polar diameter is longer than the equatorial diameter. prolate spheroid
Proliferative A cellular quality inhering in a cell by virtue of the bearer's ability to grow and proliferate in number through cell division.
Prominent Standing out or projecting beyond a surface or line.
Proportionality to A relational quality of continuant which is relative to the magnitude of two related entities. proportionality
ratio
quotient
proportion
Examples: height to weight; brain size to body size. These could all be children of proportionality. Proportions can be measured as ratios. Some measures may be dimensionless. Not all ratios measure proportionality, eg m/s measures velocity which is not a proportion in the sense defined above, it is a quality in its own right.
Prostrate Stretched out and lying at full length along the ground.
Prototroph
Prototrophic A nutritional quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its ability to synthesize a particular organic compound required for its growth.
Protruding A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its extending out above or beyond a surface or boundary it normally occupies.
Protruding into A relational quality protruding quality inhering into a bearer by virtue of extending out above or beyond its surface or boundary into the surface or boundary of another entity.
Protruding out of A relational protruding quality inhering into a bearer by virtue of its extending out above or beyond its surface or boundary and outwards in relation to the physical space occupied by another entity. exposed
extruding from
Proximal End no def needed
Proximal to A relational spatial quality where an entity is located more centrally another entity. proximal
Pseudohermaphrodite A biological sex quality inhering in an individual or population by virtue of having internal reproductive organs of one sex and external sexual characteristics of the other sex.
Pubescent A maturity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its having arrived at the onset of puberty (the age at which sex glands become functional) but not yet fully mature.
Pubescent hair
Pulvinate A shape quality inhering in a colony shaped like a cushion or has a marked convex cushion-like form.
Punctate A pattern inhering in a surface marked by the presence of dots, punctures, points or pits.
Punctiform Small and resembling a point.
Pupal A maturity quality inhering in an insect by virtue of its being in the chrysalis (cocoon) or post larval stage.
Purple A color that falls about midway between red and blue in hue.
Pyramidal Generally triangular-shaped soma with a dendrite emerging from the apical pole and basilar dendrites emerging from two or more basal poles Pyramidal Soma Quality I'm wondering whether this is a morphological quality of the soma alone or of the somato/dendritic compartments of the neuron
Quadrangular A shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of having four angles and four sides.
Qualitative TODO: define this or obsolete it and move children somewhere else
Quality (PATO 0000001) A dependent entity that inheres in a bearer by virtue of how the bearer is related to other entities. trait
Quality of a gas A physical quality inhering in an entity exhibiting the physical characteristics of a gas. gaseous
Quality of a liquid A physical quality inhering in an entity exhibiting the physical characteristics of a liquid. liquidity
Quality of a single physical entity A quality of continuant which inheres a single bearer. monadic quality of continuant
Monadic quality of an object
singly inhering of a physical entity
monadic quality of a continuant
monadic quality of a physical entity
single bearer quality of a physical entity
Quality of a single process A quality of occurrent which inheres in a single bearer. monadic quality of a process
normal quality of process
monadic quality of occurrent
monadic quality of a occurrent
Quality of a solid A physical quality inhering in an entity exhibiting the physical characteristics of a solid. solidity
Quality of continuant
Quality of occurrent
Quality of related physical entities A physical entity quality which exists in relation towards some other entity. Contrast with: normal (monadic) quality of a physical entity. relational quality of an object
multiple inhering quality of a physical entity
relational quality of a continuant
multiple bearer quality of a physical entity
relational quality of continuant
Relational qualities are qualities that hold between multiple entities. Normal (monadic) qualities such as the shape of a eyeball exist purely as a quality of that eyeball. A relational quality such as sensitivity to light is a quality of that eyeball (and connecting nervous system) as it relates to incoming light waves/particles
Quality of related processes A quality of process which inheres in multiplicity of bearers. relational quality of a process
relational quality of occurrent
relational quality of an occurrent
See comments of relational quality of a physical entity.
Quantitative
Quiet A sound amplitude which is low.
Radial Anatomical Orientation
Radial symmetry A symmetry quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of having equal proportion around a central point or axis.
Radiation absorbed dose A radiation exposure quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the energy "deposited" in a kilogram of a substance by the radiation.
Radiation effective dose A radiation exposure quality inhering in an organ by virtue of the multiplication of an equivalent dose to that organ multiplied by the tissue weighting factor for that organ.
Radiation emitting intensity quality A radiation emitting quality which obtains by the intensity of the bearer emitted radiation.
Radiation emitting quality A scalar Em quality which obtains by the capacity of the bearer to emit radiation.
Radiation equivalent dose
Radiation exposure A radiation exposure quality inhering in a tissue by virtue of the relation between the absorbed dose to the effective biological damage of the radiation.
Radiation quality A quality that inheres in an object by virtue of how that object interacts with radiation.
Radiation reflective quality A scalar EM radiation quality which obtains by the capacity of the bearer to scatter or reflect radiation.
Radioactive A radiation quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its exhibiting or being cause by radioactivity.
Radius
Raised A thick colony that appears above the medium surface with terraced edges.
Random No particular orientation.
Random Anatomical Orientation No particular orientation.
Rate A monadic quality of occurrent that is the occurrence of a process per unit time.
Recent Occuring near to or not long before the present.
Receptivity A relational behavioral quality which holds by virtue of the propensity of the bearer to receive another agentitive entity.
Receptor potential An initial response of a receptor cell to a stimulus, consisting of a change in voltage across the receptor membrane proportional to the stimulus strength. The intensity of the receptor potential determines the frequency of action potentials traveling to the nervous system.
Reclinate A shape inhering in a bearer by virtue of the edges of its surface are bent down upon their stalk.
Rectangular A shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of it being a qudrilateral polygon in which all four angles are right angles.
Recurrent Occurring or appearing again or repeatedly.
Red A color hue with wavelength of the long-wave end of the visible spectrum, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 630 to 750 nanometers.
Red brown
Reflectivity A reflective quality spanning the full EM spectrum.
Reflex angle Angular placement that is at an angle that is greater than 180 degrees but less than 360 degrees.
Refractile A reflective quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its ability to refract light.
Refractivity A reflective quality spanning the full EM spectrum.
Refractory state A period of time, usually after the firing of an action potential, where the cell is less likely to fire a subsequent action potential
Regular
Regular duration A duration which has regular start and/or end times.
Regular sleep pattern A sleep pattern which has regular start and/or end times.
Regular spatial pattern A pattern quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of having a repeatable or predictable placement.
Relational attachment quality A structure quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of having connection or association with another entity.
Relational behavioral quality A relational quality of continuant inhering to a bearer by virtue of its behavior towards another entity.
Relational dislocated quality A relational shape quality inhering into a bearer by virtue of the bearer's dislocation towards another entity.
Relational molecular quality An emergent molecular relational quality that arises from the molecular interaction exerted between two entities in contact.
Relational physical quality A quality of a single physical entity that exists through action of continuants at the physical level of organisation in relation to other entities.
Relational protruding quality A relational quality inhering into a bearer by virtue of its extending out above or beyond in relation to the surface or boundary of another entity. protruding
Relational quality of continuant
Relational quality of occurrent
Relational shape quality A relational morphology quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the ratios of distances between its features (points, edges, surfaces, and also holes, etc) in relation to another entity.
Relational spatial quality A monadic quality of continuant inhering in a bearer by virtue of its pertaining to or involving or having the nature of space in relation to another entity.
Relational structural quality A relational morphology inhering in a bearer by virtue of the relative position, shape, arrangements and connectivity of an organism's various parts in relation to another entity.
Relative color What is this term? obsolete or merge with parent? TODO
Relative refractory state A period of time, usually after the firing of an action potential, where the cell is less likely to fire a subsequent action potential, however the cell can be made to fire an action potential. The mechanism includes the activation of additional potassium currents in the cell that move the membrane potential close to the equilibrium for potassium.
Relaxation The gradual lengthening of inactive muscle or muscle fibers.
Remittent Characterized by temporary abatement in severity.
Reniform Having the shape of a kidney; bean shaped. Kidney-shaped
Repetitive Marked by tedious repetition.
Reproductive quality A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its ability to produce new life or offspring.
Resistance to A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its ability or inability to resist a stimulus. resistance
Resistant to A relational quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its ability to resist a stimulus. resistant
Response to A relational quality of continuant inhering in a bearer by virtue of its reaction to a stimulus or an agent. responsivity
Responsive to A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the presence of its reaction to a stimulus or an agent. responsive
Resting Membrane potential A quality inhering in a cell's plasma membrane by virtue of the electric potential difference across it during the resting state of the cell. This resting state usually implies that the potassium current dominates membrane potential. resting voltage
resting potential
Vrest
Vm
RMP
Vm
Reticulodromous A shape inhering in a bearer by virtue of having secondary branches branching into a reticulum toward the margin.
Retracted Drawn in or pulled back from any given point. Retruded
Retuse Terminating in a round end, the center of which is depressed.
Revolute A shape inhering in a bearer by virtue of the edges of its surface are rolled backwards spirally on each side.
Rheobase Current threshold to discharge APs during a ramp depolarization. Minimum current required to fire an action potential during very slow increases in current. current threshold
I thresh
Ithresh
AP rheobase
NeuroElectro Term 7
Rhizoidal Having root like extensions radiating from its center.
Rhomboid Oval, a little angular in the middle.
Rhythm quality A monadic quality of occurent inhering in a bearer by virtue of its movement or variation characterized by the regular recurrence or alternation of different quantities of conditions.
Rhythmic Having rhythm.
Right A direction that is similar to the direction of an object to the north when it faces west.
Right angle Angular placement that is at an angle which 90 degrees.
Right side of A relational spatial quality where an entity is located on the right side of another entity.
Rosette Anatomical Configuration
Rosy A color hue consisting of red hue and yellow hue and high brightness.
Rotated Oriented quality that is the relocation of an entity around an axis.
Rotation
Rotational curvature
Rough
Round A shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of it being such that every part of the surface or the circumference is equidistant from the center. Circular
Round Clear Vesicle Quality
Ruffled Disturbance of the smoothness or regularity of an entity.
Rugose Having many wrinkles or creases on the surface.
Ruptured
Saccharomyces cerevisiae mating type A S. cerevisiae mating type.
Saccular
Saltatory conduction A form of conduction found in myelinated nerves, whereby the action potential jumps rapidly from one node of Ranvier to another
Saturated blue A color consisting of blue hue and high saturation. Bright Blue
Saturated brown
Saturated cyan A color consisting of cyan hue and high saturation. Bright cyan
Saturated green A color consisting of green hue and high saturation. Bright Green
Saturated magenta A color consisting of magenta and high saturation. Bright Green
Saturated orange A color consisting of orange hue and high saturation. bright orange
Saturated purple A color consisting of purple hue and high saturation. bright purple
Saturated red A color consisting of red hue and high saturation.
Saturated violet A color consisting of violet hue and high saturation. bright violet
Saturated yellow A color consisting of yellow hue and high saturation. bright yellow
Scalloped Having the border, edge, or outline cut into a series of segments of circles resembling a scallop-smell. Crenate
Crenulate
Scaly
Scarred
Schizosaccharomyces pombe mating type A S. pombe mating type determined by the gene configuration on the mat1 locus.
Self-renewal A polyploidy quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of havign the ability to go through numerous cycles of cell division while maintaining the undifferentiated states.
Semi-deciduous(plant) A disposition intermediate between evergreen and deciduous.
Semi-fertile
Semi-lethal (sensu genetics)
Semi-viable
Senescent Growing old; aging.
Sensitive toward A quality of having sensitivity toward an external stimulus. Sensitive
Sensitivity of occurrent A relational quality of occurrent inhering in an entity by virtue of its capacity to respond to stimulation.
Sensitivity of occurrent to oxygen A sensitivity of occurent quality inhering in an entity by virtue of it unfolding in a location with or without oxygen.
Sensitivity to irradiation A sensitivity quality inhering in an entity by virtue of its exposure to radiation.
Sensitivity to oxygen A sensitivity quality inhering in an entity by virtue of its dependence on oxygen.
Sensitivity toward A relational quality of continuant inhering in an entity by virtue of its propensity to detect or perceive external stimulation. sensitivity
Sensory threshold The minimum amount of stimulus energy necessary to elicit a sensory response.
Separated from A relational structural quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of not being in contact with another entity, or of not longer being connected or joined with another entity. splitted from
divided from
Septotemporal Orientation
Serrated A shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of having sharp straight-edged teeth pointing to the apex. Serrate
Serration A shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of whether it has sharp straight-edged teeth pointing to the apex.
Sessile (sensus botany) A relational attachment quality inhering in a flower by virtue of lacking a stalk, as in flowers or leaves that grow directly from the stem.
Sessile (sensus zoology) A relational attachment quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its inability to move about.
Sessile Spine Quality Also refers to a stubby spine.
Severe Intensely or extremely bad or unpleasant in degree.
Severe increased temperature A temperature which is increased by a high degree.
Shallow Lacking depth.
Shape A morphological quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the ratios of distances between its features (points, edges, surfaces and also holes, etc). Shapes are invariant on size transformations. Shapes can be subdivided into 2D and 3D shapes. We can also make a distinction between shapes of complete self-connected objects, and shapes of parts of objects.
Sharp A shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its shape terminating in a point or edge.
Sharpness Having a sharp or tapered end or point. apiculate
Side scatter Light scattering at a wide angle (around 90 degrees) to the incident beam.
Sigmoid Consisting of two curves, in opposite directions. S-shaped. S-shaped.
Sigmoidal
Simple (PATO 0001503) A complexity quality in a bearer by virtue of its having few parts; not complex, complicated or compound.
Simple Spine Quality Fingerlike evaginations that extend from the dendrite that are filled with fluffy filamentous material, characteristic of some neurons like motor neurons (Peters, Palay and Webster, 1991).
Single Anatomical Configuration Indicates that the feature exists in isolation, e.g., single filaments as opposed to bundled filaments.
Sinuous A shape having many curves and turns.
Size A morphology quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its physical magnitude.
Sleep pattern A sleep quality defined by the mathematic properties of the relative time frames of the sleep cycle.
Sloped Having an oblique or slanted direction.
Slow afterhyperpolarization amplitude Amplitude from first AP onset to minimum voltage, explictly refered to as slow sAHP size
sAHP amp
sAHP amplitude
slow AHP amplitude
slow AHP size
NeuroElectro Term 21
Slow afterhyperpolarization duration Duration from first AP onset to minimum voltage, explictly refered to as slow sAHP duration
sAHP time
slow AHP duration
slow AHP time
NeuroElectro Term 22
Slow potential A class of synaptic potential that persists over the second time scale. Typical slow potentials have indirect mechanisms such as activation of G-protein-gated ion channels. The term is found in older electrophysiology literature.
Slow vertex response an electrical response associated with electrophysiological recordings of the auditory system, specifically Auditory evoked potentials (AEPs). The SVR of a normal human being recorded with surface electrodes can be found at then end of a recorded AEP waveform between the latencies 50-500ms. (wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slow_vertex_response) SVR
Slow wave potential A membrane potential that cycles between depolarizations and repolarizations. Slow wave potentials are generated by myocytes. Due to temporal summation, a slow wave potential will periodically reach threshold and generate an action potential. (Wikipedia - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slow_wave_potential) slow wave potential
Small soma A small soma, defined relative to the brain. Granule cells are a good example of a neuron with a small soma.
Smooth (PATO 0000701)
Smooth Membrane Characterized by a membrane with no indentations.
Smooth Nucleus Quality Nucleus with smooth membrane and no large folds or lobules.
Soft A hardness quality of giving little resistance to pressure.
Solid configuration A physical quality inhering in an entity by virtue of its parts having the arrangement which exhibits characteristics of solids. Solid
Solubility A relational quality that arises from its potential ability of a substance to dissolve in a liquid.
Soluble in A solubility quality that arises from the ability of a substance to dissolve in a liquid. soluble
Soma Quality Shape descriptors that have been applied to the cell soma of nerve cells. The shape generally does not take into account processes extending from the soma.
Soma Shape Shape of a cell body
Soma Size The quality of a soma dealing with its relative size Cell body size
Sonic A sound frequency in the range of 20-20,000 Hz.
Sound amplitude The maximum magnitude (value without regard to sign) of the disturbance of a sound wave. loudness
Sound duration Sound_duration is a sound_quality which is the length (duration) of time that the sound exists.
Sound frequency The frequency of transmitted vibrations.
Sound quality A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of vibration, as perceived by the sense of hearing.
Sound speed The speed at which sound travels in a given medium under specified conditions.
Sound wavelength The quotient of the speed of a sound wave divided by its wavelength.
Spacing Refers to the average distance between features.
Sparse Scattered; spread irregularly, and at a distance from each other.
Sparsely Spiny Dendrite Quality Characterized by a low density of dendritic spines.
Spasticity A motor disorder characterized by a velocity-dependent increase in tonic stretch reflexes with increased muscle tone, exaggerated (hyperexcitable) tendon reflexes.
Spatial
Spatial pattern A spatial quality in which there is a repetition of placement of parts distribution
pattern
Spatulate Oblong, with the lower end very much attenuated.
Specific volume A physical quality of the amount of 3-dimensional space a mass of occupies. The reciprocal of density.
Specificity to The ability of a probe to react precisely with a specific target molecule.
Speed
Speed/velocity A physical quality inhering in an object by virtue of the rate of change of its position.
Spherical Generally round shape where minimum diameter and maximum diameter are roughly the same Spherical Soma Quality
Spherical (PATO 0001499) A spheroid in which the equatorial diameter is equal to the polar diameter. Having the shape of a sphere or a ball. globular
Spherical Lewy Body Generally round shape where minimum diameter and maximum diameter are roughly the same.
Spheroid Having a quadratic surface in three dimensions obtained by rotating an ellipse about one of its principal axes. Includes sphere and oblate/prolate spheroids. Spheroid
Spike Amplitude Average amplitude of the first AP (measured from AP threshold to AP peak) APh
Amplitude of AP
spike height
AP amp
AP height
AP amplitude
action potential amplitude
action potential height
NeuroElectro Term 5
Spike Frequency Adaptation Repetitive spiking that decreases in frequency over time. Eventually, spiking activity may cease.
Spike half-width Average time for first AP half amp to the same voltage during offset spike halfwidth
half-width of spike
half-width of action potential
half amplitude duration
spike half width
spike half duration
NeuroElectro Term 6
Spike overshoot Difference between the peak of the action potential and 0 mV action potential overshoot
overshoot
AP overshoot
NeuroElectro Term 14
Spike peak Maximum voltage of AP AP peak NeuroElectro Term 26
Spike threshold Membrane potential required to initiate an action potential. action potential threshold NeuroElectro Term
Spike width Duration of AP, not explictly refered to as half-width AP width
action potential width
AP duration
spike duration
NeuroElectro Term 23
Spindle-shaped A shape quality of having the shape of a spindle; a long tapered rod.
Spine Quality Refers to the morphological type of a spine.
Spiny (PATO 0001365) Having spines, thorns, or similar thin projections on its surface.
Spiny Dendrite Quality Characterized by a high density of dendritic spines. Spiny
Spiny high density Characterized by a high density of dendritic spines, of sufficient density to give the dendrite a fuzzy coated appearance in light microscopic preparations spiny
Spiny low density Characterized by a low density of spines on dendrites sparsely spiny
Splayed A curvature quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of being curved outward. TODO: obsolete, definition too ambiguous
Split A shape quality inhering into a bearer by virtue of being divided or broken up into parts or divisions. Divided
Septate
Spongy
Spontaneous Excitatory post synaptic potential An EPSP that is elicited by the random fusion of a synaptic vesicle, in contrast to an evoked EPSP. mini
mEPSP
miniature EPSP
Spontaneous Inhibitory postsynaptic potential An IPSP that is the result of a spontaneous fusion of a vessicle, as opposed to an evoked IPSP Spontaneous inhibitory post synaptic potential
sIPSP
miniature IPSP
Spontaneous inhibitory post-synaptic potential
mini IPSP
mIPSP
Spontaneous firing rate AP discharge rate in the absence of current injection or a stimulus spontaneous firing frequency NeuroElectro Term 18
Sporadic recurring in scattered and irregular or unpredictable instances.
Spotted A color pattern inhering in a bearer by virtue of being marked with a round area of different hue or degree of saturation.
Square Having an equal-sided rectangular form.
Stacked A spatial quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being positioned with multiple entities of the same type above and below.
Stacked Anatomical Configuration
Star shaped A shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's delimited by a surface with holes.
Stellate Cell Morphology Generally star shaped multipoloar cell shpae with spherically extending processes
Stenosis
Sterile A fertility quality of being incapable of initiating, sustaining, or supporting reproduction.
Stimulus modality The quality of the sensory perception of a stimulus which can be one or more of the following: auditory, visual, tactile, interoceptive, olfactory, gustatory
Straight A shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being free of curves, bends, or angles.
Straight angle Angular placement that is at an angle which is 180 degrees. TODO: decide on correct parentage
Strain A physical quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the relative change in its length or its volume when being stretched or squashed.
Strength A quality inhering ina bearer by virtue of its power or force.
Striated A shape quality of being marked by narrow lines or grooves, usually parallel.
Structure
Structure, cavities
Structure, composition
Structured
Stubby (PATO 0001643) A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of having a short, stocky build.
Stubby Spine Quality Characterized by the diameter of the neck being similar to that of the head (Harris et. al 1992).
Stuttering In neurons, rythmic high frequency bursts of action potentials with unpredictable periods of quiescence.
Subulate Linear, very narrow, tapering to a very fine point from a narrow base. Awl-shaped
Sufficiency A monadic quality of continuant inhering in a bearer by virtue of his having enough functionality. Adequacy
Sufficient Having enough functionality. Adequate
Superficial Located near a surface.
Superficial to A relational spatial quality where an entity is located external to another entity.
Supernumerary
Surface Area
Surface feature shape a shape of features present on the surface or outer shell of a bearer entity.
Surface shape A shape that inheres in part of a surface. An object can have different surface shapes on different parts of its surface. This quality either inheres directly in the surface, or in the entity that has the surface. For example, to say that a particular fly wing is curved is shorthand for saying the wing has a surface which is curved.
Surface tension A quality inhering in a liquid by virtue of its ability to attraction of molecules at its surface as a result of unbalanced molecular cohesive forces.
Surrounding A relational spatial quality where an entity is extended on all sides of another entity simultaneously. encircling
Susceptibility toward A relational quality of continuant inhering in an entity by virtue of its propensity to resist an infectious agent. susceptibility
Susceptible toward A quality of having susceptibility toward an external stimulus. susceptible
Swollen
Symmetrical (PATO 0000632) A symmetry quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of being capable of division by a longitudinal plant into similar halves. Symmetric
Symmetrical Chemical Synapse Quality Type of chemical synapse characterized by a thin post-synaptic density relatively equal in density to the pre-synaptic specialization giving the junction a symmetric appearance. This type of synapse is also characterized by flattened or pleiomorphic vesicles in the pre-synaptic terminal when fixed with aldehydes. Gray's Type 2 see example at: http://synapse-web.org/anatomy/chemical/symh.htm
Symmetry A pattern quality of correspondence in size, shape, and relative position of parts on opposite sides of a dividing line or median plane or about a center or axis.
Synaptic Configuration Arrangement of pre- and post-synaptic components.
Synaptic unit potential
Synchronous Occurring or existing at the same time or having the same period or phase.
T-shaped Shaped in the form of the letter T.
Tactile modality The tactile modality is the sensory modality pertaining to the sense of contact via the skin with other, external objects.
Tangled
Tapered A shape which is gradually narrower or thinner toward one end.
Temperature A physical quality of the thermal energy of a system.
Temporally extended A duration which ends later than the natural end time.
Terminal Bouton Quality
Tetraploid A polyploidy quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of containing four homologous sets of chromosomes.
Texture
Theta wave is an oscillatory pattern recorded either from inside the brain or from electrodes glued to the scalp. Two types of theta rhythm have been described. The "hippocampal theta rhythm" (6–10 Hz) is a strong oscillation that can be observed in the hippocampus and other brain structures in numerous species of mammals including rodents, rabbits, dogs, cats, bats, and marsupials. "Cortical theta rhythms" (4–7 Hz) are low-frequency components of scalp EEG, usually recorded from humans (adapted from Wikipedia). Theta-wave
Theta
Theta oscillation
Theta activity
Theta rhythm
Theta rhythms
EEG THETA RHYTHM
THETA RHYTHM EEG
Theta Rhythm Electroencephalography
Thickness A 1-D quality which is equal to the dimension through an object as opposed to its length or width.
Thin Spine Quality Characterized by the length being greater than the diameter of the neck, with the diameter of the head being similar to that of the neck (Harris et. al 1992).
Threshold A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its sensitivity towards a fixed location or value where change is observed; upper limit.
Tight Regular spatial pattern which is compact or dense in arrangement.
Time A quality in which events occur in sequence.
Tolerant to A resistance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its ability to tolerate or being insensitive to a stimulus. tolerant
Tonicity A contractile quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its elastic tension that facilitate response to stimuli. tone TODO: we need a clearer differentium between this and contractility - or merge?
Totipotent Cellular potency that is the capacity to produce differentiated cell types of all three primary germ layers and extraembryonic cell types.
Tough
Translucent low opacity.
Transparent Lacking opacity.
Transverse Anatomical Orientation Oriented orthogonal to the long axis.
Trapezoid A quadrilateral with two parallel sides.
Triangular A shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of having three angles. Triangle
Deltoid
Triangle-shaped
Trinucleate
Tripartite Divided into three branches.
Triploid A polyploidy quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of containing three homologous sets of chromosomes.
Trisomy An aneuploidy quality inhering in bearer by virtue of containing three, instead of two, chromosomes of a particular numbered type in an organism.
Trophic quality A monadic quality of continuant inhering in a bearer by virtue of its ability or inability to synthesize a particular organic compound required for its growth. nutritional quality
Truncated Terminating abruptly by having or as if having an end or point cut off. Truncate
Tubular Cristae Quality Refers to crisate with a roughly circular profile in cross section.
Tufted Dendrite Quality Characterized by a terminal tuft.
Tumorous
Turgor
U-shaped Shaped in the form of the letter U. Horseshoe-shaped
Horseshoe
Ubiquinated Molecular Quality Pertains to the post-translational modification of a protein by the covalent attachment of one or more ubiquitin monomers. This labels proteins for proteasomal degradation and controls the stability, function, and intracellular localization of a wide variety of proteins., Protein ubiquitination is the process by which one or more ubiquitin moieties are added to a protein. (Gene Ontology) Ubiquitylation
Ultrasonic A sound frequency in the range of 20,000+ Hz.
Umbonate Having a knob or knoblike protuberance.
Unbalanced A balance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of its lacking balance.
Unbranched Branchiness quality that is lacking branches.
Uncoiled Not curled or wound (especially in concentric rings or spirals).
Uncrowded Not crowded.
Undamaged
Underdeveloped
Undifferentiated A cellular quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of having not yet acquired a special structure of function.
Undistributed Not being spread out or scattered about or divided up.
Undivided A shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of being unseparated into parts or divisions.
Undulate Having a sinuate margin and rippled surface. Waved
Sinuate
Wavy
Rippled
Unfused from A relational structural quality inhering in a bearer which is no longer merged with another entity. unfused
Unicellular A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of consisting of exactly one cell.
Unidirectional One direction only.
Unilateral Involving only one part or side.
Uniparental disomy A disomy quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of containing two copies of the chromosome from one of the parents (with no contribution from the other parent).
Unipotent Cellular potency that is the capacity to produce only one differentiated cell type. Unipotent cells have the quality of self-renewal which distinguishes them from non-stem cells.
Unknown sex A biological sex quality inhering in an individual whose sex is unknown.
Unlocalised Not confined or restricted to a particular location.
Unlumenized
Unnecessary (continuant) A necessity quality (continuant) inhering in a bearer by virtue of being non-essential or dispensable.
Unnecessary (occurent) A necessity quality (occurent) inhering in a bearer by virtue of it being non-essential or dispensable.
Unresponsive to A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the lack of its reaction to a stimulus of an agent. unresponsive
Unserrated A shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of lacking sharp straight-edged teeth pointing to the apex.
Unstructured
Up A direction from a higher point to a lower point.
Upturned curved or tilted such that the point tips upwards.
Vacuolated
Variability A quality of varying or changing. TODO: move to disposition?
Variability of color A quality of varying or changing color.
Variability of rate A quality of varying or changing rate.
Variability of shape A quality of varying or changing shape.
Variability of size A quality of varying or changing size.
Variability of temperature A quality of varying or changing temperature.
Variable color Being uneven in color. Murky
Variant A variability quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of having or exhibiting variability. variable
Variant color A variability quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of having or exhibiting variation of colour.
Variant shape A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of having or exhibiting variation of its shape.
Variant temperature A variability quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of having or exhibiting variation of temperature.
Varicose Axon Quality Characterized by numerous swellings along its length We should have varicose as a quality of neuron processes as either dendrites or axons can be varicose
Varicose Dendrite Quality Characterized by numerous swellings or varicosities along their length.
Velocity A physical quality inhering in an object by virtue of the rate of change of its position.
Ventral to A relational spatial quality where an entity is located toward the abdomen of an organism relative to another entity. ventral
inferior to
Ventralized A malformed quality in which the gross morphology contains only what are normally ventral structures.
Ventrally rotated
Vermilion A color consisting of red and orange hue with a slight amount of grey.
Vertical A placement quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of being situated at right angles to the horizon.
Vertical neuronal orientation
Vesicle Quality
Vestigial may be part of an animal (such as an organ or bone) that is no longer used by the species and has therefore become smaller or less developed. NHM:NHM http://museum.nhm.uga.edu
Viability A quality inhering in a bearer or a population by virtue of the bearer's ability or inability to survive and develop normally or the number of surviving individuals in a population.
Viable A viability quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's ability to survive and develop normally or the long term survival ability of a given population.
Vicinity of A relational quality where an entity is located near in space in relation to another entity.
Villiform A 3-D shape that resembles a minute projection (villus).
Violet A color hue with very low wavelength of that portion of the visible spectrum lying between reddish blue or bluish purple, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 420 to 380 nanometers.
Virulence A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's pathogenicity.
Viscid
Viscosity A physical quality of fluids describing their internal resistance to flow.
Viscous A viscosity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of having viscosity.
Visual modality The visual modality is the sensory modality that pertains to the sense of sight. It usually but not always arises from the stimulation of the visual system with a light source of sufficient brightness to be visible.
Volume
Volume (PATO 0000918) A 3-D extent quality of the amount of 3-dimensional space an object occupies.
Warty
Water composition A composition quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the quantities or relative ratios of water of the inhering entity.
Wave
Wavelength A physical quality which is equal to the distance between repeating units of a wave pattern.
Weight A quality inhering in an object with a mass near a gravitational body.
Wet A wetness quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of being covered by a liquid.
Wetness A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of whether or not it is covered in a liquid.
White An achromatic color of maximum brightness; the color of objects that reflect nearly all light of visible wavelengths.
Whole
Whole Cell Potential
Wholeness
Whorled When several things are in opposition around a common axis.
Width
Width (PATO 0000921) A 1-D quality which is equal to the distance from one side of an object to another side which is opposite. Breadth
Work A physical quality which is equal to the energy transferred by a force to a moving object.
Wrinkled
Y-shaped Shaped in the form of the letter Y.
Yeast mating type A yeast mating type.
Yellow A color hue with medium wavelength of that portion of the visible spectrum lying in between orange and green, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 570 to 590 nanometers.
Yellow green A color consisting of green and yellow hues.
Yellow orange A color consisting of yellow and orange hue.
Young An age which is relatively low.
Zygomorphic A symmetry quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of being capable of division into symmetrical halves by only one longitudinal plane passing through the axis.

Contributors

Admin, Akash, Slarson, Smaynard



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